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Comparison and Contrast
Writing
Steven Federle
Solano College
What is comparison and contrast?
 Comparison shows how two or more
things are similar
 Contrast shows how two or more
th...
Establishing a basis for comparison
 The two civilizations to be compared
must have enough in common to
justify the compa...
Searching points for discussion
 Determine your
emphasis on
similarities, differences,
or both.
 Determine the major
foc...
Civilization A

 Do not discuss
entirely different
elements for each
subject.

Civilization B

Major
Only religion
Charac...
Formulating a Thesis Statement
 Identify not only the subjects to be
compared and contrasted in your essay,
but the point...
Organizing the essay
 Introduction
 Hook
 Explanation
 Thesis statement
 Both Greek and Roman civilizations have
a we...
Body
 All paragraph
 Topic sentence
 Supporting details
 Conclusion sentence
Both Greek and Roman civilizations have a well developed religion, but
each of their religion has a different structure
1....
Introduction
(hook)Our ancestors couldn't find an
explanation for all the natural things that
happened around them. (expla...
Structuring a Comparison and
Contrast Essay
Subject by Subject
 Write a separate paragraph about each
civilization, but y...
Point by Point Comparison
Paragraph 1: Characteristics of one civilization
Paragraph 2: characteristics of the second
ci...
Conclusion

 The conclusion of your paper
should include final connections
about the two subjects and then a
restatement ...
Comparisonand contrast writing
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Comparisonand contrast writing

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Comparisonand contrast writing

  1. 1. Comparison and Contrast Writing Steven Federle Solano College
  2. 2. What is comparison and contrast?  Comparison shows how two or more things are similar  Contrast shows how two or more things are different  In most writing situations, the two related processes are used together
  3. 3. Establishing a basis for comparison  The two civilizations to be compared must have enough in common to justify the comparison.  In making comparisons, you should move beyond the obvious (i.e., old civilizations, they don’t exist any more)  When two things are very similar, it is the contrasts that may be worth writing about.
  4. 4. Searching points for discussion  Determine your emphasis on similarities, differences, or both.  Determine the major focus of your paper.  Make sure you treat the same or similar elements for each subject you will discuss: Civilization A Civilization B Major characteristics Major characteristics Minor characteristics Minor characteristics Similar/different Similar/different
  5. 5. Civilization A  Do not discuss entirely different elements for each subject. Civilization B Major Only religion Characteristics Minor Why they fall Characteristics Themes symbolism
  6. 6. Formulating a Thesis Statement  Identify not only the subjects to be compared and contrasted in your essay, but the point you will make about them.  Also indicate whether you will focus on similarities or differences, or balance the two.  “Both Greek and Roman civilizations have a well developed religion, but each of their religion has a different structure.”
  7. 7. Organizing the essay  Introduction  Hook  Explanation  Thesis statement  Both Greek and Roman civilizations have a well developed religion, but each of their religion has a different structure.”
  8. 8. Body  All paragraph  Topic sentence  Supporting details  Conclusion sentence
  9. 9. Both Greek and Roman civilizations have a well developed religion, but each of their religion has a different structure 1. Topic sentence: Both Greek and Roman religion were personal, direct, and present in all areas of life. - Emperors chosen according to the gods. - sacrifices made for the Gods 2. Topic sentence: Roman religion was influence by Greek religion, but Greek religion wasn´t influence by any other religions. -Presence of Greeks on in the lower peninsula of Rome -Conquest of Greece 3. Topic sentence: Both Greek and Roman religion were animistic in nature, believing that spirits inhabited everything around them, people included. -Cupid -Eros
  10. 10. Introduction (hook)Our ancestors couldn't find an explanation for all the natural things that happened around them. (explanation)For example, the way rain was created, the way stars were placed in our sky. For this reason, they formed believes and then turn out in religions. (thesis) In the case of Greek and Roman civilizations both have a well developed religion, but each of their religion has a different structure
  11. 11. Structuring a Comparison and Contrast Essay Subject by Subject  Write a separate paragraph about each civilization, but you discuss the same points for both subjects.  Use basis for comparison to guide your selection of points.  Arrange points in logical order, usually order of importance.
  12. 12. Point by Point Comparison Paragraph 1: Characteristics of one civilization Paragraph 2: characteristics of the second civilization Paragraph 3:Discuss and give all the details of the similarities between both subjects Paragraph 4:Discuss and give all the details of the differences between both subjects.
  13. 13. Conclusion  The conclusion of your paper should include final connections about the two subjects and then a restatement of your thesis.

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