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  1. 2. An Abuse of Power <ul><li>At the beginning of the 13th Century, King John ruled over England, after the death of his brother King Richard the Lionheart. </li></ul><ul><li>King John used unfair practices to control the people: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unfair taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rules that limited individual rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dictator style of leadership </li></ul></ul>
  2. 4. Magna Carta “The Great Charter” <ul><li>Signed in 1215, the Magna Carta limited the king’s power and protected individual rights: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Due process of law </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Property protection </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proper taxation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 5. The Importance of the Magna Carta <ul><li>First written Western document acknowledging the protection of individual rights. </li></ul><ul><li>English tradition and structures served as an example for future English and colonial documents. </li></ul>
  4. 6. English Bill of Rights <ul><li>1689 : England’s Parliament furthered the protection of individual rights by forcing the King and Queen of England to sign into effect the English Bill of Rights . </li></ul><ul><li>The English Bill of Rights served as an example for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The colonial bills of rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The 10 amendments of the U.S. Constitution, ( The Bill of Rights ). </li></ul></ul>
  5. 8. Reasons for Representative Government <ul><li>Protestant religion called for self-government & independent churches </li></ul><ul><li>Long distance from the English parliament </li></ul><ul><li>English tradition and structures </li></ul><ul><li>Isolated communities </li></ul>
  6. 9. House of Burgesses <ul><li>Established in 1619, the Virginia House of Burgesses was the first representative government in the New World. </li></ul><ul><li>They met to determine laws for the people of their colony. </li></ul>
  7. 10. Mayflower Compact <ul><li>Because the Pilgrims landed off course in 1620 they were outside of the laws of the Virginia Company. </li></ul><ul><li>The settlers had to create a compact that guaranteed their individual rights. </li></ul><ul><li>This compact became known as the Mayflower Compact . </li></ul><ul><li>The Mayflower Compact was the first governing document created in the American colonies. </li></ul>
  8. 11. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut <ul><li>The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut served as the first written colonial constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>The Orders protected the individual rights of the Connecticut colonists. </li></ul><ul><li>The constitution also established a religious tolerant government and helped to serve as an example for future colonial constitutions. </li></ul>“ The foundation of authority is laid in the free consent of the people.&quot; – Thomas Hooker
  9. 12. The Results of Colonial Self-Government <ul><li>Colonists believed their rights as British citizens were secured by both the British and colonial governments. </li></ul><ul><li>The long distance from Britain caused the colonists to become self-governing and self-sufficient. </li></ul><ul><li>It would not be until the British government threatened the status of the colonists’ self-government that the colonists decided to rebel. </li></ul>
  10. 13. Colonial Government