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Constitutionalism England 1688


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Constitutionalism England 1688

  1. 1. English Constitutionalism: The Glorious Revolution (1688)
  2. 2. Glorious Revolution 1688 <ul><li>Final act in struggle for political sovereignty in England </li></ul><ul><ul><li>James reissue of Declaration of Indulgence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Birth of Catholic heir </li></ul></ul><ul><li>James II forced to abdicate his throne </li></ul><ul><li>William and Mary of Orange were declared joint sovereigns by Parliament </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Bill of Rights (1689) <ul><li>England became a constitutional monarchy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Became the hallmark for constitutionalism in Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Provisions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laws could be made only with the consent of Parliament </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Glorious Revolution” did not amount to a democratic revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Power remained largely in the hands of nobility and gentry until at least the mid-19th c </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. England under William <ul><li>Toleration Act of 1689 </li></ul><ul><li>Act of Settlement 1701 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Established Hanoverian line excluded the Stuarts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Act of Union 1707 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>United England and Scotland in to Great Britain </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Cabinet System 18th C <ul><li>Structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leading ministers, made common policy and conducted business of the country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prime Minister member of majority, was the leader of the government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Robert Walpole (1721-1742) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Viewed as first Prime Minister in British history </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Kings Role </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decrease in decision making of the crown declined as a result </li></ul></ul>