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Ancient Israel (Division and Diaspora)

Ancient Israel (Division and Diaspora)

This PowerPoint presentation was created to accompany a lecture on the division of ancient Israel into two kingdoms (Israel and Judah) and the subsequent conquest of these kingdoms by the Assyrian, Babylonian, and Persian Empires. The fall of Israel and Judah resulted in a diaspora (scattering) of peoples across the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle Eastern regions. After Cyrus the Great of Persia conquered the Babylonian Empire, he allowed Jews to return to Jerusalem to rebuild their temple. In the centuries that followed, a messianic tradition developed, which promised a deliverer who would restore the Kingdom of Judah. Zionism emerged in the late 19th century with a similar goal of restoring a sovereign Jewish homeland. The modern nation of Israel, founded in 1948, represents the realization of the goals of the Zionist movement. To this day, modern Israelis contest over this land with its neighbors much like their ancestors did three thousand years ago.

This PowerPoint presentation was created to accompany a lecture on the division of ancient Israel into two kingdoms (Israel and Judah) and the subsequent conquest of these kingdoms by the Assyrian, Babylonian, and Persian Empires. The fall of Israel and Judah resulted in a diaspora (scattering) of peoples across the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle Eastern regions. After Cyrus the Great of Persia conquered the Babylonian Empire, he allowed Jews to return to Jerusalem to rebuild their temple. In the centuries that followed, a messianic tradition developed, which promised a deliverer who would restore the Kingdom of Judah. Zionism emerged in the late 19th century with a similar goal of restoring a sovereign Jewish homeland. The modern nation of Israel, founded in 1948, represents the realization of the goals of the Zionist movement. To this day, modern Israelis contest over this land with its neighbors much like their ancestors did three thousand years ago.

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Ancient Israel (Division and Diaspora)

  1. 1. Map Credit: Malus Catulus
  2. 2. REHOBOAM Israelites asked him for relief from high taxes and forced labor. He refused. King Solomon’s Son
  3. 3. Some rights reserved by bcmom
  4. 4. Some rights reserved by puuikibeach
  5. 5. Some rights reserved by mikebaird
  6. 6. SECESSION The Northern Tribes of Israel separated from Judah over oppressive taxation and conscription policies.
  7. 7. DIVIDED Kingdom Israel and Judah went on to exist as independent kingdoms Rehoboam King of Judah Jeroboam King of Israel
  8. 8. Israel Judah Location Kings Conquerors Starting c. 930 B.C.DIVIDED KINGDOM North South Several Dynasties Davidic Line Assyrians c. 722 B.C. Babylonians c. 587 B.C.
  9. 9. Assyrian Empire Public Domain Map CONQUERED ISRAEL (Northern Kingdom)
  10. 10. Judah: Vassal State Paid Tribute Assyrian Empire
  11. 11. Assyrians depicted flailing prisoners.
  12. 12. “Lost” Tribes The Northern tribes were so thoroughly scattered by the Assyrians that no one knows for sure what became of them. Map Credit (Ancient Israel): Malus Catulus
  13. 13. Jews “Jew” comes from the word “Judean,” describing someone specifically from the Tribe of Judah. Map Credit (Ancient Israel): Malus Catulus Judeans
  14. 14. Babylonian Empire Public Domain Map
  15. 15. DIASPORA Scattering / Dispersion Conquerors dispersed conquered peoples in order to prevent rebellions. Public Domain Map
  16. 16. PERSIAN EMPIRE Map Credit: HistoryofIran The Persians conquered the Babylonians in 539 B.C. (less than 50 years after the Babylonians conquered Judah).
  17. 17. Cyrus the Great Cyrus allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem and rebuild their temple. King of Persia
  18. 18. The Second Temple The Second Temple was the center of Jewish worship until the Romans destroyed it after a Jewish revolt. Photo of a model of the Second Temple by Ariely 516 B.C. – 70 A.D.
  19. 19. The Second Temple’s Western Wall is still a Jewish Holy site. Gustav Bauernfeind, Wailing Wall (19th Century)
  20. 20. The Restoration of Israel Messianism (Ancient) The belief that a Messiah (anointed one), from the Davidic Line, would rule a restored Jewish kingdom in a future “Messianic” age of peace and prosperity. NOTE: Saul, David, and other kings were described as messiahs.
  21. 21. MESSIAH “The Anointed One”
  22. 22. Iēsus Nazarēnus, Rēx Iūdaeōrum Photo by Rennett Stowe
  23. 23. Jesus of Nazareth King of the Jews Photo by Rennett Stowe
  24. 24. Zionism (Modern) 19th / 20th century movement to restore the Jews to their ancient homeland. The Restoration of Israel Messianism (Ancient) The belief that a Messiah (anointed one), from the Davidic Line, would rule a restored Jewish kingdom in a future “Messianic” age of peace and prosperity. NOTE: Saul, David, and other kings were described as messiahs. The hopes of the Zionists were realized with the founding of Israel in 1948.
  25. 25. “Palestinian” is a Latin variant of the ancient Hebrew word, “Philistine.” Modern Day Public Domain Map ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT
  26. 26. Ancient Philistia = Modern-Day Gaza Strip Map Credit (Ancient Israel): Malus Catulus

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