Ancient Israel (Division and Diaspora)

Tom Richey
Tom RicheyHistory Teacher at Seneca High School (SC)
Map Credit: Malus Catulus
REHOBOAM
Israelites asked him
for relief from high
taxes and forced
labor.
He refused.
King Solomon’s Son
Some rights reserved by bcmom
Some rights reserved by puuikibeach
Some rights reserved by mikebaird
SECESSION
The Northern Tribes
of Israel separated
from Judah over
oppressive taxation
and conscription
policies.
DIVIDED
Kingdom
Israel and Judah
went on to exist
as independent
kingdoms Rehoboam
King of Judah
Jeroboam
King of Israel
Israel Judah
Location
Kings
Conquerors
Starting
c. 930 B.C.DIVIDED KINGDOM
North South
Several
Dynasties
Davidic
Line
Assyrians
c. 722 B.C.
Babylonians
c. 587 B.C.
Assyrian
Empire
Public Domain Map
CONQUERED ISRAEL
(Northern Kingdom)
Judah:
Vassal State
Paid Tribute
Assyrian
Empire
Assyrians depicted flailing prisoners.
“Lost”
Tribes
The Northern
tribes were so
thoroughly scattered
by the Assyrians
that no one knows
for sure what
became of them.
Map Credit (Ancient Israel): Malus Catulus
Jews
“Jew” comes from
the word “Judean,”
describing someone
specifically from the
Tribe of Judah.
Map Credit (Ancient Israel): Malus Catulus
Judeans
Babylonian
Empire
Public Domain Map
DIASPORA
Scattering / Dispersion
Conquerors dispersed conquered peoples
in order to prevent rebellions.
Public Domain Map
PERSIAN EMPIRE
Map Credit: HistoryofIran
The Persians conquered the
Babylonians in 539 B.C. (less
than 50 years after the
Babylonians conquered Judah).
Cyrus
the Great
Cyrus allowed the
Jews to return to
Jerusalem and
rebuild their
temple.
King of Persia
The Second Temple
The Second Temple
was the center of
Jewish worship
until the Romans
destroyed it after
a Jewish revolt. Photo of a model of the Second Temple by Ariely
516 B.C. – 70 A.D.
The Second Temple’s Western
Wall is still a Jewish Holy site.
Gustav Bauernfeind, Wailing Wall (19th Century)
The Restoration of Israel
Messianism
(Ancient)
The belief that a Messiah
(anointed one), from the
Davidic Line, would rule a
restored Jewish kingdom in
a future “Messianic” age of
peace and prosperity.
NOTE: Saul, David, and other
kings were described as messiahs.
MESSIAH
“The Anointed One”
Iēsus
Nazarēnus,
Rēx
Iūdaeōrum
Photo by Rennett Stowe
Jesus of
Nazareth
King
of the Jews
Photo by Rennett Stowe
Zionism
(Modern)
19th / 20th century
movement to restore
the Jews to their
ancient homeland.
The Restoration of Israel
Messianism
(Ancient)
The belief that a Messiah
(anointed one), from the
Davidic Line, would rule a
restored Jewish kingdom in
a future “Messianic” age of
peace and prosperity.
NOTE: Saul, David, and other
kings were described as messiahs.
The hopes of the
Zionists were
realized with the
founding of
Israel in 1948.
“Palestinian”
is a Latin
variant of the
ancient
Hebrew word,
“Philistine.”
Modern Day
Public Domain Map
ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT
Ancient Philistia = Modern-Day Gaza Strip
Map Credit (Ancient Israel): Malus Catulus
Ancient Israel (Division and Diaspora)
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Ancient Israel (Division and Diaspora)