SUKKOTH, THE FEAST
OF THE LORD.
CG Learning to Prophesy
THE THREE HARVESTS
• Let’s remember the three harvest of Israel:
• The first harvest of barley, and the feast of
• The second harvest of wheat, and the
Feast of Weeks or Pentecost.
• The third harvest of grapes, and the Feast
LEVITICUS 23:33-36 (NKJV)
• Feast of Tabernacles
• 33 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
• 34 “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘The fifteenth
day of this seventh month shall be the Feast of
Tabernacles for seven days to the LORD. 35 On the first
day there shall be a holy convocation. You shall do no
customary work on it. 36 For seven days you shall offer
an offering made by fire to the LORD. On the eighth day
you shall have a holy convocation, and you shall offer
an offering made by fire to the LORD. It is a sacred
assembly, and you shall do no customary work on it.
• 37 ‘These are the feasts of the LORD which you shall
proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering
made by fire to the LORD, a burnt offering and a grain
offering, a sacrifice and drink offerings, everything on its
day—38 besides the Sabbaths of the LORD, besides your
gifts, besides all your vows, and besides all your freewill
offerings which you give to the LORD.
LEVITICUS 23:39-40 (NKJV)
• 39 ‘Also on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when
you have gathered in the fruit of the land, you shall keep
the feast of the Lord for seven days; on the first
day there shall be a sabbath-rest, and on the eighth day
a sabbath-rest. 40 And you shall take for yourselves on
the first day the fruit of beautiful trees, branches of palm
trees, the boughs of leafy trees, and willows of the brook;
and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God for seven
LEVITICUS 23:41-44 (NKJV)
• 41 You shall keep it as a feast to the LORD for seven
days in the year. It shall be a statute forever in your
generations. You shall celebrate it in the seventh
month. 42 You shall dwell in booths for seven days. All
who are native Israelites shall dwell in booths, 43 that
your generations may know that I made the children
of Israel dwell in booths when I brought them out of
the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.’”
• 44 So Moses declared to the children of Israel the
feasts of the LORD.
END OF SUMMER
• The Feast of Tabernacles, known also as the Feast
of Boots, is celebrated on the fifteenth of Tishri
• This is the seventh month according to the Jewish
• This is the third feast that was required to the
Israelites to go up to Jerusalem to worship in the
Temple and offer sacrifices and offering to the
GOD TABERNACLED WITH THE
HEBREWS IN THE DESSERT ON THEIR
WAY TO THE PROMISED LAND.
• This is Israel’s feast of Thanksgiving.
• It’s a thanksgiving for the Fall harvest and
God’s provision for them.
• It’s a happy celebration and a time of joy
• This feast remembers Israel’s deliverance from
Egypt and their subsequent wandering in the
wilderness for forty years.
• During this time Israel lived in tents and worshiped
at the Tabernacle which was also a tent.
• To remember this time the Jews build small
tabernacles or booths whit walls and roofs of tree
branches as God instructed in Leviticus 23:42.
• For seven days they were to live in these booths as a
vivid reminder of the days in the wilderness living in
• Further when they came to the Temple they would be
carrying an etrog, which was a citrus fruit, which
symbolized the fruit of the Promised Land.
• The Jews also used a lulav, which was made of the
branches of palm trees, myrtles and willows tied
together with a golden thread.
• During the celebration in the Temple these lulav would
be waved at certain times during the service.
On the first
day, you must
yourself a fruit
•A citrus fruit grown in Israel and
other parts of the Mediterranean,
used to fulfill the commandment
to "rejoice before the Lord"
•Literally. palm branch.
•A collection of palm, myrtle and
willow branches, used to fulfill the
commandment to "rejoice before
the Lord" during Sukkoth.
BLESSINGS OF THE FEAST
• “Blessed are You, O Lord our God, King of the
universe, who has sanctified us by His
commandments, and instructed us concerning the
waving of the palm branch.”
• Then theshehekeyanu is said: “Blessed are You, O
Lord our God, King of the universe, for keeping us
in life, for sustaining us, and for helping us reach
TURNING THE ETROG
• The etrog is then turned right side up and
shaken with the lulav.
• Each day of the Feast of Tabernacles, the
people in the Temple courtyard would hold
their lulavs and make a circular procession
around the altar.
OR “SAVE NOW”
• During the procession they would pray a
prayer that came to be known
• It is a prayer for God’s blessing, ending
each phrase of the prayer with the word
hoshana (“Please save” or “save now!”).
• On the first six days they would march
around the altar one time.
• On the seventh day they marched around it
• Traditionally, Psalm 27 is recited at the
service of the Feast of Tabernacles.
• 16 “Three times a year all your males shall
appear before the LORD your God in the
place which He chooses: at the Feast of
Unleavened Bread, at the Feast of Weeks,
and at the Feast of Tabernacles; and they
shall not appear before the LORD empty-
handed. 17 Every man shall give as he is
able, according to the blessing of the
LORD your God which He has given you.
• According to God’s instructions on the first
day of the feast thirteen bullocks were
offered and each day that followed one
less bullock was offered which meant that
all together seventy were offered.
• Number 70 means complete accepted or
rejected. In this case is fully accepted
THE SACRIFICE OF
• During Sukkoth in the time of the Holy
Temple, a unique sacrifice was offered on
the altar - with a unique intention.
• In chapter 29 of the book of Numbers, the
Bible outlines the sacrifices that are to be
offered over the span of the holiday.
• Counting the number of bulls that are
offered over the seven day period, we find
that the total number was seventy.
THE NATIONS OF THE
•In chapter 10 of the book of
Genesis, there are seventy
•These are the initial nations,
sometimes referred to as the
"seventy languages," which
represent all humanity.
ATONEMENT FOR THE
• The Talmud teaches that the seventy bulls
that were offered in the Holy Temple served
as atonement for the seventy nations of the
• Truly, as the rabbis observed,
• “If the nations of the world had only known
how much they needed the Temple, they
would have surrounded it with armed
fortresses to protect it"
• Here we can already see that the nature of
this holiday is linked with all earths people.
• The sacrifices of this feast shows God’s
intention of bringing salvation through the
people who He calls His own.
• Sukkoth was mandated by the Creator
Himself to be a holiday for all the world.
CHARACTERISTIC OF THE
• Two things characterized the Feast of
Tabernacle from the other feasts.
• One was the illumination of the Temple.
• The other was the pouring of a vessel of
water into a basin that was located at the
base of the altar.
• A characteristic of the feast was a great
illumination of the Temple.
• The pilgrims who came to the Temple
would bring lights and torches.
• Further the golden lamps stands would also
be lighted illuminating the Temple.
During the Feast of
menorahs 50 cubits tall
(73 feet or 22.25 meters)
illuminated the temple
The Feast of Tabernacles
provided the setting for
Jesus proclamation, “I am
the light of the world”
JOHN 8:12 (NKJV)
• 12 Then Jesus spoke to them again,
saying, “I am the light of the world. He who
follows Me shall not walk in darkness, but
have the light of life.”
• This too prophetically looked forward to the
coming of the Messiah. Jesus the Messiah
identified Himself as that saving light
ACTS 13:47 (NKJV)
• 47 For so the Lord has commanded us: 'I
have set you as a light to the Gentiles,
That you should be for salvation to the ends
of the earth.’”
• When Paul arrived in Antioch in Pisidia
(Asia) proclaimed this truth to the Jews
there saying, that he was sent to take this
light, which was the Gospel of Jesus Christ,
unto all the world.
THE TWO GOLDEN VESSELS
• First the golden vessel of water was filled at
the pool of Sloam and taken to the altar.
• Next another golden vessel would be filled
with wine and they both would be poured
together into the basin.
• The mixed water and wine would flow down
a conduit which carried the water to the
Brook of Kidron located across from the
• This ritual of water pouring was continued for six
days and concluded the Feast of Tabernacles.
• This last day was called the “Day of the Great
Hosanna” (Hoshannah Rabbah).
• The word “Hoshannah” means to “save now.” and
applied to the feast became “Hosanna” which
looked forward to the coming of the Messiah.
POOL OF SLOAM
Water taken from here to the altar.
THE GIHON RIVER:
• Emerged in a cave on the eastern slope of the City
of David above the Kidron Valley, and from there
water flowed into the valley.
• The Gihon watered the terraced, agricultural plots
on the slope of the City of David. This area is called
the “King’s Garden”
• Since the Gihon River flowed through the Kidron
Valley, we can safely determine that the brook
Kidron carried the waters of the Gihon River
EZEKIEL 47 (NKJV)
• The Healing Waters and Trees
• 47 Then he brought me back to the door of the
temple; and there was water, flowing from under
the threshold of the temple toward the east, for the
front of the temple faced east; the water was
flowing from under the right side of the temple,
south of the altar. 2 He brought me out by way of
the north gate, and led me around on the outside
to the outer gateway that faces east; and there
was water, running out on the right side.
ZECHARIAH 14:8 (NKJV)
• 8 And in that day it shall be
That living waters shall flow from Jerusalem,
Half of them toward the eastern sea
And half of them toward the western sea;
In both summer and winter it shall occur.
• Even today the commandment of the feast
of booths, (sekhakh) is observed.
• Booths must be made of something that
grew from the ground and was cut off, such
as tree branches, corn stalks, bamboo
reeds, sticks, or two-by-fours and
constructed so it will not blow away in the
LOOKING TO THE STARS
• The roof must be left loose, not tied together or tied
• The material must be placed sparsely enough that
rain can get in, and preferably sparsely enough
that the stars can be seen, but not so sparsely that
more than ten inches is open at any point or that
there is more light than shade.
• This ritual symbolized the prayer for the Fall
rains upon which Israel depended.
• Second, it pictured the coming of the
Messiah and His kingdom in which the Holy
Spirit would be poured on Israel and
believers of all nations.
• The feast of Sukkoth has a prophetic symbolism
awaiting to be fulfilled. Is “The day of Ingathering” of
the harvest, it points out to the ingathering of all the
Jewish people during the Reign of Jesus on the earth.
• All the nations that have survived the great tribulation
will come on Sukkoth to worship the Lord in Jerusalem.
• This feast also signals the covering of the Lord over Israel
as a tent or booth, during the Millennial Kingdom .
• At that time Israel will no longer suffer oppression of any
• This makes the event of Jesus entering the city in
what is called the ‘Triumphant Entry” come alive
for us as we under its significance.
• John records in John 12:13 that as Jesus entered
Jerusalem the people.
• “ Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to
meet him, and cried, Hosanna: Blessed is the King
of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord.”
• They were crying “Save us, Son of David.”
• Matthew 21:15 records the chief priest and
scribes became gravely upset because this
greeting and prayer was reserved only for
the coming of the Messiah.
• Messiah was in their midst!
• Mark records that the people also
• “Blessed be the kingdom of our father
David, that cometh in the name of the
Lord: Hosanna in the highest.”
• (Mark 11:10).
JOHN 7:37-38 (NKJV)
• Following His entry into Jerusalem Jesus went to the
Temple and proclaimed
• 37 On the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus
stood and cried out, saying, “If anyone thirsts, let him
come to Me and drink. 38 He who believes in Me, as the
Scripture has said, out of his heart will flow rivers of living
• The words “In the last day” means that this event
occurred on the last day of the Feast of Tabernacles.
MEANING OF THE FEAST
• Jesus tabernacled amongst men.
• He is the Water of life.
• The Light of the world.
• Sukkoth also represents the Messianic
• A time when Jesus our King will be among
THE FINAL INGATHERING
• Sukkoth points out to:
• The Feast of the Ingathering of ALL
Nations, and that all who call upon him
in repentance would receive the living
waters of God’s spirit poured out upon
them, during the times portrayed by this
fall harvest Festival.
THE HARVEST OF
•The main harvest of humanity will
have the living waters of God’s
Holy Spirit poured out upon
them, if they will repent and
come unto Christ the deliverer of
NATIONS WILL COME TO
• During the Millennium Kingdom when Christ
will rule for a thousand years from His
throne in Jerusalem all the nations of the
earth will be commanded to come and
celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles.
RAIN AND THE HOLY
• Further it also pictures that God will not pour
out the Holy Spirit on those who refuse His
offer of salvation, who are invited to come
and receive freely His mercy and grace.
• Bible prophecy tells us that people from the
nations of the world will come up to
celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles with the
Jewish people in Jerusalem.
ZECHARIAH 14:16-17 (NKJV)
• 16 And it shall come to pass that everyone who
is left of all the nations which came against
Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to
worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep
the Feast of Tabernacles. 17 And it shall
be that whichever of the families of the earth
do not come up to Jerusalem to worship the
King, the LORD of hosts, on them there will be no
IF THEY REFUSE TO
• If they refuse to come, which means that
they are not trusting in the Lord for their
substance and living.
• Therefore the Lord will withhold rain from
their nation as punishment and the natural
result of refusing God’s provision.
• In this way, we have completed the study
of The Feasts of the Lord.
• Next Thursday we start Interpretation of
Dreams and Visions.
• Bring your dreams so you can start to
• I pray that the Lord may give you revelation of the
prophecies that we have study through this series of
Feast of the Lord.
• I pray that He give you love for Israel and deep
appreciation for His people.
• And I pray that you may learn to appreciate what this
feast are representing for us.
• In Jesus name, Amen.
• Remember, these are Feasts that The Lord Himself
commanded to be celebrated.