The Rise of Judaism<br />Israelites = Hebrews = Jews<br />Judaism stood apart from other religions because of monotheism (...
How was the first monotheismborn?<br />
The early stages of the biblicalhistory, the patriarchs, Abraham, Moses…<br />AA mythical tradition<br />Imperialism of th...
Whatis a patriarch? <br />Originally a patriarch was a man who exercised autocratic authority as a paterfamilias over an e...
Abraham’s Journey to Canaan<br />
Abraham is regarded as the first Jew.<br />He and his followers left Mesopotamia and settled in Canaan (now Lebanon, Israe...
The Kingdom of Israel<br />The Israelites fought for 200 years before successfully reclaiming Canaan.<br />Saul became the...
David’s son, Solomon, built the magnificent temple in Jerusalem, at the cost of high taxes and intensive labor.<br />After...
                 Exile<br />      1-Israel was conquered in 722 BC by the Assyrians, <br />     who scattered the Israelit...
                      Exile<br />Jews continued to maintain their religion while in exile.<br />The Chaldeans were conquer...
                     After Exile<br />Judah/Israel would eventually be ruled by:<br />-the Greeks (Alexander the Great)<br...
The early stages of the biblicalhistory, the patriarchs, A………., M….…<br />AA m……….. tradition<br />Imperialism of the theM...
What are the foundations of Judaism?<br />The Torah: the Jewish holy book, believed to be written by Moses and inspired by...
Whowrote the Bible and why?<br />The editing of the Bible startedat the time of Josias. The main goal was to introducehim ...
Whatis the Bible?<br />The  foundingtext of the first monotheistin History: Judaism.<br />This textwillalsobeused as a fou...
Whatis the diaspora? <br />Where are the main Jewishcommunities?<br />
The menorah: the symbol of this diaspora<br />a seven-branched candelabrum which has been a symbol of Judaism for almost 3...
What are the causes of this diaspora?<br />The immediate cause of the dispersal of the Jewish people was the destruction o...
Detail of the TriumphalArch in Rome representing the  destruction of the  Jerusalem Temple in 70 BC.<br />Jerusalem&apos;s...
What are the consequences of this diaspora?<br />The grouping of the jewsaround the synagogue and the rabbis. <br />The Je...
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Judaism Full Unit

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Judaism Full Unit

  1. 1. The Rise of Judaism<br />Israelites = Hebrews = Jews<br />Judaism stood apart from other religions because of monotheism (belief in one all‐powerful god).<br />Judaism shares many beliefs with two later religions: Christianity and Islam.<br />
  2. 2. How was the first monotheismborn?<br />
  3. 3. The early stages of the biblicalhistory, the patriarchs, Abraham, Moses…<br />AA mythical tradition<br />Imperialism of the theMesopotamian Empires (Assyria, Egypte, Babylon)<br />An unifiedkingdom: David and Solomon, the Jerusalem temple XI- Xthcentury BC<br />The kingdomsplits in two: weaker, decline<br />A smallterritory: the kingdom of Judah<br />-722: disparition of the Kingdom of Israel<br />Start of the Bible editing (VII th C BC)<br />National historyaround: <br />A new ‘Messiah’: the King Josias (-639 /-609)<br />Will of strength and expansion havingrecourse /appealing to a gloriouspast.<br />Destruction of the JudahKingdom in -586 and beginning of the exil to Babylon. Transition from an oral tradition to writing.<br />a King<br />a State/ capital city<br />a Temple<br />ONE God<br />
  4. 4. Whatis a patriarch? <br />Originally a patriarch was a man who exercised autocratic authority as a paterfamilias over an extended family. The system of such rule of families by senior males is called patriarchy. <br />his is a Greek word, a composition of pater)meaning &quot;father&quot; and archon meaning &quot;leader&quot;, &quot;chief&quot;, &quot;ruler&quot;, &quot;king&quot;, etc.<br />Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob are referred to as the three patriarchs of the people of Israel, and the period in which they lived is called the Patriarchal Age. <br />Moses<br />Abraham<br />
  5. 5. Abraham’s Journey to Canaan<br />
  6. 6. Abraham is regarded as the first Jew.<br />He and his followers left Mesopotamia and settled in Canaan (now Lebanon, Israel and Jordan) at the commandment of God, in 1900 BC.<br />Abraham’s grandson, Jacob (Israel), had 12 sons who each led his own tribe.<br />Slavery and Exodus<br />Famine caused the Israelites to migrate to Egypt, where Jacob’s son, Joseph, lived. They were eventually enslaved.<br />Many of the monuments of Egypt’s New Kingdom were built by Israelite slaves.<br />Moses’story:<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BEOMFjGFS7M<br />
  7. 7. The Kingdom of Israel<br />The Israelites fought for 200 years before successfully reclaiming Canaan.<br />Saul became the first king of Israel, uniting the 12 tribes for the first time.<br />Saul’s successor, David, ruled Israel from 1012 BC to 962 BC, and established Jerusalem as the capital.<br />
  8. 8. David’s son, Solomon, built the magnificent temple in Jerusalem, at the cost of high taxes and intensive labor.<br />After Solomon’s death (922 BC), the two southern tribes split from Israel to create the kingdom of Judah.<br />
  9. 9. Exile<br /> 1-Israel was conquered in 722 BC by the Assyrians, <br /> who scattered the Israelites throughout their empire.<br />2-Judah was conquered in 597 BC by the Chaldeans, under King Nebuchadnezzar.<br />3-In 586 BC, after a rebellion, they destroyed the Temple in Jerusalem and captured many Jews to be slaves in Babylon.<br />
  10. 10. Exile<br />Jews continued to maintain their religion while in exile.<br />The Chaldeans were conquered in 539 BC by the Persians, under Cyrus the Great. He allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the Temple.<br />
  11. 11. After Exile<br />Judah/Israel would eventually be ruled by:<br />-the Greeks (Alexander the Great)<br />-the Romans<br />-the Islamic Empire (when it became known as Palestine)<br />-the Ottoman Empire<br />Israel would not be an independent state until 1948.<br />
  12. 12. The early stages of the biblicalhistory, the patriarchs, A………., M….…<br />AA m……….. tradition<br />Imperialism of the theMesopotamian Empires (Assyria, Egypte,Babylon)<br />An un.f….. kingdom: David and Solomon, the Jerusalem temple XI- Xthcentury BC<br />The kingdomsplits in ………: w……., d…………. <br />A smallterritory: the kingdom of ……<br />-722: disparition of the …….<br />Start of the Bible editing (VII th C BC)<br />National historyaround: <br />A new ‘Messiah’: the King ……… (-639 /-609)<br />Will of strength and expansion appealing to a gloriouspast.<br />Destruction of the JudahKingdom in -…… and beginning of the exil to ………... Transition from an oral tradition to writing.<br />a K………..<br />a S……../ capital city<br />a T……..<br />ONE ……….<br />
  13. 13. What are the foundations of Judaism?<br />The Torah: the Jewish holy book, believed to be written by Moses and inspired by God.<br />The Torah and subsequent books (collectively known as the Old Testament by Christians ) record the history of the Jews through the Babylonian exile.<br />
  14. 14. Whowrote the Bible and why?<br />The editing of the Bible startedat the time of Josias. The main goal was to introducehim as a new messia by writing down a tradition and a gloriousheritage. <br />Itsediting continues during the exile to Babylon then, alsowhile the diaspora in order to build a commonhistory and common practices. The Bible isbefore all a book of faith. <br />This « recomposedpast » aims to give to the hebrews and then the jews the conviction thatYahweh (God) protectsthem: hesavedthem in the past, gave them the Promised Land, tookitfromthembecause of theirunfaithfulness. But hewill free them one day. <br />The Bible has been written to preserve and develop a national feeling., the national celebrations are designated to commemorateeachyearsomespecificevents. From the moment the Jewslosttheirindependence, and for a large number of them, left the Promised land., « the Bible, written Torah, has become the true homeland for the Jews. » (R. Nouailhat)<br />
  15. 15. Whatis the Bible?<br />The foundingtext of the first monotheistin History: Judaism.<br />This textwillalsobeused as a foundation to othermonotheist religions: Christianity and Islam.<br />
  16. 16. Whatis the diaspora? <br />Where are the main Jewishcommunities?<br />
  17. 17. The menorah: the symbol of this diaspora<br />a seven-branched candelabrum which has been a symbol of Judaism for almost 3000 years and is the emblem of Israel. It was used in the ancient Holy Temple in Jerusalem. <br />
  18. 18. What are the causes of this diaspora?<br />The immediate cause of the dispersal of the Jewish people was the destruction of their Temple and their exile by their conquerors, the Romans. <br />
  19. 19. Detail of the TriumphalArch in Rome representing the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple in 70 BC.<br />Jerusalem&apos;s fall certainly marked the beginning of the end of a Jewish homeland, for the Diaspora soon saw Jews spreading across the world as their political and religious capital was no more. <br />
  20. 20. What are the consequences of this diaspora?<br />The grouping of the jewsaround the synagogue and the rabbis. <br />The Jews are a people who do not have theirown homeland and theirnationalitygets mixed up withtheir religion as the latter becomestheironlyway to express theiridentity:<br /> « the Bible, written Torah, has become the true homeland for the Jews. » until 1948 and the independence of the Israel.<br />

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