1. Francisca Alvarez, the “Angel of Goliad” during TX Revolution, 1836, persuaded soldiers to defy the orders of their leaders President General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. Thus saving the lives of 14 TX men 2. Norma Zuniga Benavides, 1st LEO ever! Elected to the Laredo School Board 1969; 3. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, 1st LEO in Congress, elected in 1982 and still serving. She is Cuban-American from Florida and Republican; 4. The “Magnificent Seven” first elected to Congress in 2006 and then in 2008 but in 2009 Hilda Solis left Congress to become Secretary of Labor (shown in this picture), The Seven include the Sanchez twin sisters from southern California.
Irma Rangel was the first Mexican American woman elected to the TX Legislature in 1976. She served the Forty-Ninth Legislative District, representing Kennedy, Kleberg, Willacy, and Hidalgo counties, for twenty-six years until her death in 2003. Lupe Valdez is Sheriff of Dallas County, Texas elected in 2004. She is Texas's only elected female sheriff, as well as being the only openly lesbian holder of that office.[ Born to migrant farm worker parents, she was raised in San Antonio as one of eight children. She started life working in the fields, but paid her way through college, earning a Bachelor's degree in Business Administration. She then earned a Master's degree in Criminology and Criminal Justice from the University of Texas at Arlington.
Sonya Sotomayor was appointed to the US Supreme Court in 2009 by President Obama. She was born in el Barrio in New York City to Puerto Rican parents. Her father died when she was nine, and she was subsequently raised by her mother in the projects in in the Bronx. Sotomayor has had Type 1 diabete since age 8 and gives her self daily injections. A talented and very hard working student she went thru Harvard University on full scholarship and eventually graduated from Yale Law School where she was Editor of the Yale Law Review.
Susana Martinez is the current governor of NM and the first female Hispanic governor in the United States. She is a Republican She was considered a potential pick for Vice President on the Republican presidential ticket in 2012, but stated numerous times she would not run. She is considered a potential candidate for the US presidential election in 2016. Controversial because of her ant-immigrant positions, only 40% of the Hispanics in New Mexico voted for her. Can she ever get a majority of Latino votes in a national election?
Source: Latino National Survey 2006
Here are the statistics for Latina elected Officials in 2011. As a bit of background on these statistics: While there are Latina elected officials serving at virtually all levels of government, nearly two-thirds (66%) are either municipal or school board officials. Only 87 or just 4% serve in state legislatures. Between 1996 and 2010, the number of Latina elected officials grew faster than the number of male Latino officials. The number of Latinas increased by 105%, compared to 37% for male Latinos. As a result, the Latina share of all Latino elected officials grew from 24% in 1996 to 32% in 2010.
Latina Leadership Lecture
Politicas: The NewLatina! Leadership inAmerican and TexasPoliticsValerie Martinez-EbersHWNT Latinas in ProgressNovember 17, 2012
A LONG Latina! PoliticalHistory Francisca Alvarez, the “Angel of Goliad” Norma Zuniga Benavides, 1stLEO ever! Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, 1stLEO inCongress The “Magnificent Seven” As of 2013, there will beNINE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
TWO Texas Trailblazers Irma Rangel, 1stLEOin TX legislature Dallas County SheriffLupe Valdez
The Newest “Supreme”Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor
Latina politicalleadership is NOT anew development,but….Multiple factors created aGender Gap in our pastlevel of leadership.
Factors Behind the PoliticalGender Gap Traditional/cultural views Limited personal resources Lack of recognition for ourcontributionsBUT…..
Times change and so has theGender Gap in politicalleadership.
WHY???????? Significant change has occurred over thepast 10-15 years in the level of Latinapersonal resources. Latinas also have achieved a new levelof prominence and visibility in thepolitical arena as Latinas increasinglyvote, lead major organizations andsuccessfully run for political office.
Gender Differences in ElectoralParticipationLatino LatinaAsked tovote/give$ 40% 31%Registered 77% 82%Helpedothers vote 21% 52%Voted 61% 67% More Latino men areasked to participate thanLatinasYET, Latinas participate athigher rates than Latinomen.
Latina Elected Officials In 1986 there were only 591 Latina electedofficials nationwide. In 2011, there were 753 Latina electedofficials in Texas alone, 1,997 nationwide. Latinas now constitute 35% of allLatino/Latina elected officials in the U.S. The increase in the number of Latina electedofficials far outpaces the increase in Latinomen and Anglo female elected officials.
Latinas have differentleadership styles thanLatinosResearch shows that Latinas are moreeffective than Latino men inrepresenting the needs of theHispanic community and all working-class Americans.Source: Fraga et al. 2005, 2007, 2008; Hardy-Fanta 1993, 2000
Latina Leadership Styles Latinas place greater emphasis on: Representing the interests of multiplegroups, Promoting conflict resolution, Building consensus. Latinas are more likely than Latino mento both propose and successfully passpolicies that help their constituents.Source: Fraga et al. 2005, 2007, 2008; Hardy-Fanta 1993, 2000
Expect and be ready to fullysupport the INCREASINGnumbers of Latina! Leaders.Better yet……..BECOME ONE, yourself.
How Can I Be a Latina! Leader? REGISTER TO VOTE as soon as youare old enough INFORM YOURSELF about theproblems and needs of your community SPEAK UP about your opinions Make time to VOLUNTEER RESEARCH THE CANDIDATES whoare running for office – Make sure theysupport your views Cast your VOTE IN EVERY ELECTION