“Philip went down to the city of Samaria and proclaimed to
them the Christ.” (Acts 8:5, ESV)
“The woman said to him, ‘I know that Messiah is coming (he
who is called Christ). When he comes, he will tell us all
things.’ Jesus said to her, ‘I who speak to you am he.’” (John
● “Christ” = “Anointed”
○ Greek = “Christos”
○ Hebrew = Messiach
○ “The One who was to come”
Anointing with oil symbolized the power and presence of the
Holy Spirit upon someone:
“The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me,
because the Lord has anointed me
to bring good news to the poor;
he has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted,
to proclaim liberty to the captives,
and the opening of the prison to those who are bound”
Three “anointed” offices in OT
•The Prophet proclaimed the truth of God to the
•The Priest cared for the people by mediating
reconciliation between God and people.
•The King was to order and advance God’s rule among
his people so that they would be a signpost of God’s
reign to the World.
The Lord speaks to Elijah:
“...Elisha the son of Shaphat of Abel-
meholah you shall anoint to be prophet in
your place.” (1 Kings 19:16, ESV)
● God speaks through the prophet
● God reveals Himself through the
● God’s authority is exercised through the
● To listen to the prophet is to listen to
God speaks to Moses:
“You shall anoint Aaron and his sons, and
consecrate them, that they may serve me as
priests.” (Exodus 30:30, ESV)
● God is present through His priest
● The priest mediates God’s presence
● The priest makes atonement for the
people and reconciles them to God.
“Fill your horn with oil, and go. I will send
you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I have
provided for myself a king among his
sons”…Then Samuel took the horn of oil and
anointed [David] in the midst of his brothers
(1 Samuel 16:1,16 ESV)
● God rules through His king
● The king orders the situation as God would
● The king controls his realm as God would
Looking to the NT, we see that Jesus perfectly fulfilled each of
these three roles.
•He is the true and ultimate prophet who has perfectly
reveals God, Himself (Hebrews 1:1-3).
•He is the true and ultimate priest who offered Himself
as the final mediating sacrifice. (Hebrews 9:11-14)
•He is the true and ultimate king who solidified His
sovereign rule by securing the coming Kingdom with his
sacrificial death and glorious resurrection. (Hebrews 1:5-
•Teach and Preach
•Expressions of adoration
•Enjoying His presence!
We honor Christ when we worship him as Prophet, Priest, and KIng!
•Is it true?
•How does it affect people?
•Does it work?
How does this affect worship?
Give Christ your
attention and conscience
Give Christ your sin,
Give Christ your
How does this direct worship?
True Worship involves heart-fully engaging with Christ in His
three offices of prophet, priest, and king:
•Because Jesus is our Prophet — the final Word from God — worship
isn’t merely about gaining information; it’s about prayerfully listening
to the One in whom are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and
knowledge. We are to give Jesus our rapt attention and our grace-
•Because Jesus is our Priest — our great High Priest — we must
worship doxologically, for Christ is the completed sacrifice for our
sins, our perfect righteousness from God, and the Shepherd of our
souls. We are to give Jesus our current brokenness and our
•Because Jesus is our King — the King of kings and Lord of lords —
we must worship with bowed heads and surrendered lives. We are to
give Jesus our humble obeisance and our overjoyed obedience.