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Offices of Christ: Prophet, Priest, and King


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Applying the offices of Christ as prophet, priest, and king to worship.

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Offices of Christ: Prophet, Priest, and King

  1. 1. “Philip went down to the city of Samaria and proclaimed to them the Christ.” (Acts 8:5, ESV) “The woman said to him, ‘I know that Messiah is coming (he who is called Christ). When he comes, he will tell us all things.’ Jesus said to her, ‘I who speak to you am he.’” (John 4:25-26, ESV) ● “Christ” = “Anointed” ○ Greek = “Christos” ○ Hebrew = Messiach ○ “The One who was to come”
  2. 2. Anointing with oil symbolized the power and presence of the Holy Spirit upon someone: “The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me, because the Lord has anointed me to bring good news to the poor; he has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to those who are bound” Isaiah 61:1
  3. 3. Three “anointed” offices in OT •The Prophet proclaimed the truth of God to the people. •The Priest cared for the people by mediating reconciliation between God and people. •The King was to order and advance God’s rule among his people so that they would be a signpost of God’s reign to the World.
  4. 4. The Prophet The Lord speaks to Elijah: “...Elisha the son of Shaphat of Abel- meholah you shall anoint to be prophet in your place.” (1 Kings 19:16, ESV) ● God speaks through the prophet ● God reveals Himself through the prophet. ● God’s authority is exercised through the prophet. ● To listen to the prophet is to listen to God
  5. 5. The Priest God speaks to Moses: “You shall anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may serve me as priests.” (Exodus 30:30, ESV) ● God is present through His priest ● The priest mediates God’s presence ● The priest makes atonement for the people and reconciles them to God.
  6. 6. The King “Fill your horn with oil, and go. I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I have provided for myself a king among his sons”…Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed [David] in the midst of his brothers (1 Samuel 16:1,16 ESV) ● God rules through His king ● The king orders the situation as God would ● The king controls his realm as God would
  7. 7. Looking to the NT, we see that Jesus perfectly fulfilled each of these three roles. •He is the true and ultimate prophet who has perfectly reveals God, Himself (Hebrews 1:1-3). •He is the true and ultimate priest who offered Himself as the final mediating sacrifice. (Hebrews 9:11-14) •He is the true and ultimate king who solidified His sovereign rule by securing the coming Kingdom with his sacrificial death and glorious resurrection. (Hebrews 1:5- 13; 12:26-29)
  8. 8. Prophet PriestKing •Revealing Christ! •Teach and Preach •Learning Christ •Adoring Christ •Expressions of adoration and intimacy. •Enjoying His presence! •Applying Christ •Practical application •Surrender We honor Christ when we worship him as Prophet, Priest, and KIng!
  9. 9. Prophet PriestKing •Bible Guy •Is it true? •Study •Intellectualism •People Guy •How does it affect people? •Relate •Emotionalism •Mission Guy •Does it work? •Action •Pragmatism How does this affect worship?
  10. 10. Prophet PriestKing Give Christ your attention and conscience in worship! Give Christ your sin, brokenness, and groaning! Give Christ your awe, adoration, and obedience! How does this direct worship?
  11. 11. True Worship involves heart-fully engaging with Christ in His three offices of prophet, priest, and king: •Because Jesus is our Prophet — the final Word from God — worship isn’t merely about gaining information; it’s about prayerfully listening to the One in whom are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge. We are to give Jesus our rapt attention and our grace- liberated consciences. •Because Jesus is our Priest — our great High Priest — we must worship doxologically, for Christ is the completed sacrifice for our sins, our perfect righteousness from God, and the Shepherd of our souls. We are to give Jesus our current brokenness and our fresh adoration. •Because Jesus is our King — the King of kings and Lord of lords — we must worship with bowed heads and surrendered lives. We are to give Jesus our humble obeisance and our overjoyed obedience.