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Health Informatics


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Health Informatics

  1. 1. Health Informatics<br />Frank Auddino<br />Abby Hiza<br />Alex Huss<br />Chris Letso<br />
  2. 2. Health Informatics <br />Definition: The study, development, and implementation of computer science, information science, and healthcare.<br />Improves: communication, understanding and management of medical information. <br />Objective: to gather all information about the patients to be stored and retrieved in an easier manner, making it less expensive to deal with.<br />Used: in nursing, dentistry, pharmacy, clinical care, public health, and biomedical research.<br />
  3. 3. THE HISTORY BEHIND IT<br />1949: first seen by Gustav Wager in Germany.<br />1960’s: training programs in France and throughout Europe until it reached the United States ten years later. <br />1980’s: the practitioners used several computers on the same patient database. <br />1995: networked computers and databases began to facilitate free-flowing health care information. <br />Currently: a necessary tool to have in just about every health care facility. <br />
  4. 4. AROUND THE GLOBE<br />Australia, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore, and the United Kingdom: they have spent their focus on developing an Electronic Medical Record. <br />South Africa and the United States: many struggles related to developing a unique patient identifier.<br />All: using smart card technology by their patients to receive their medical information. <br />
  5. 5. OBAMA’S HEALTH CARE PLAN<br />Invest in electronic health information technology systems<br />$10 billion a year for the next five years to move the U.S. health care system<br />Ensure the protection of patients’ privacy.<br />
  6. 6. Electronic Health Records<br />
  7. 7. Telemedicine and mHealth<br />Creating, storing, sending medical data instantly<br />Improves care, health of patients<br />mHealth – Mobile Health Information Technology<br />Uses cell phones, portable devices<br />
  8. 8. Personal Health Records<br />User-based log of medical history<br />Online<br />Browser-based or mobile<br />Viewable by doctors<br />More insight, less hassle<br />
  9. 9. Medical Cards<br />Wallet-sized cards can serve as medical ID<br />Medical info and records stored digitally<br />Less paperwork, quicker process<br />Community Health Networkhas used such cards since 2008<br />
  10. 10. Medical Cards cont.<br />Battery-powered LCD Screen cards also available<br />EMI 911 rCard<br />Charts, text, full-colorphotos, easily accessible<br />USB connection to upload medical info<br />
  11. 11. Medical Cards - Risks<br />Card could be lost<br />Damage from wear and tear, water<br />Info could be compromised, stolen<br />False Advertising<br />
  12. 12. VeriChip<br />Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) microchip implanted between shoulder/elbow<br />Scanned using reader, shows datasuch as medical records<br />Fast, useful for emergencies<br />
  13. 13. VeriChip - Concerns<br />Violation of Civil Liberties<br />Tracking by government, corporations?<br />Anyone with reader could view personal info<br />Data is unencrypted<br />Could cause cancer<br />
  14. 14. E-Prescriptions<br />Freedom of choice<br />Waiting times<br />Fewer errors<br />
  15. 15. Data Integration & Analytics<br />Information sharing<br />Compare<br />Assess<br />Monitor<br />Visualize early warning trends<br />Disease<br />Side-effects<br />Bioterrorism<br />
  16. 16. Positives<br />Eradicates illegible handwriting<br />Faster and easier information sharing<br />Personalized health information portals<br />Improved quality of care <br />Fewer hospital visits<br />
  17. 17. Negatives<br /><br />Depersonalizes medicine<br />One wrong input could be detrimental <br />High risk of losing cards<br />Relatively new technology<br />Legal requirements<br />