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What is an Alexander?
Andrew Meadows
New College, Oxford
Gold Types
Distater Stater
Hemistater Quarter stater Eighth stater
Main Silver Types
10dr 4dr
2dr dr
Hemidr
5 ob 2ob ob Hemiob
Hemidrachm
Diobol Obol
Stater
Hekte Hemihekte
1/5 drachm 1/30 drachm
Other Silver Types
Bronze Units and Half-units
Gold Types
Athena/Nike
Athena/Thunderb
olt
Athena/Bow &
Club
Silver Types
Heracles/Zeus
Heracles/2 eagles
Heracles/Quiver,
bow & club
Heracles/Eagle
AE Unit
Heracles/Quiver,
bow & club
Heracles/Bow,
bowcase & club
Apollo/Youth on
horse
Other
AE Half
Shield/Helmet
Youth/Horse
Heracles/Eagle
Other95%94 %
98% 99%
Lifetime
Posthumous
Periods of Production
• 333-324: Essentially those coinages deemed by Price to be ‘lifetime’ (on
the low chronology)
• 323-301: The period of the immediate successors to Alexander down just
past the great declarations of kingship to the Battle of Ipsos
• 300-282 From Ipsos to the settlement of the world following the Battle of
Corupedium in 281
• 281-224: From Corupedium to the accession of Antiochus III in the east,
and to just before the outbreak of the Social War in Greece
• 223-191: The reign of Antiochus III to the battle of Magnesia and the
removal of Antiochus from Asia Minor
• 190-126: The post-Apameia period in Asia Minor and the last Alexanders
of the Seleucid kingdom, Macedon and Greece
• 125-70: The continuation of production of the Black Sea mints down to
their closure and the end of Alexander coinage c. 70 BC.
Numbers of types by metal by period
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
333-324 323-301 300-282 281-224 223-191 190-126 125-70
AR
AU
AE
Types vs. specimens
Type nos. from Price/Pella; hoard figures from Duyrat (2005), Tbl. 10
333-324 (4drs) 4dr. Hoards
Macedon
Greece
Black Sea
W. Asia Minor
S Asia Minor
Cyprus
Syria & Phoenicia
The East
Egypt & Cyrenaica
Numbers of types by metal by period
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
333-324 323-301 300-282 281-224 223-191 190-126 125-70
AR
AU
AE
Numbers of types by metal
by period/Year
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
333-324 323-301 300-282 281-224 223-191 190-126 125-70
AR
AU
AE
Lifetime Posthumous
333-324 281-224
223-191 190-126 125-70
323-301 300-282
Alexander types by region, by period
0
10
20
30
40
50
Macedon/Yr
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
Greece/Yr
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Black Sea/Yr
0
10
20
30
40
W. Asia Minor/Yr
0
2
4
6
8
S Asia Minor/Yr
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Cyprus/Yr
0
5
10
15
20
Syria & Phoenicia/Yr
0
5
10
15
20
The East/Yr
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
Egypt & Cyrenaica/Yr
0
10
20
30
40
50
Macedon/Yr
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
Greece/Yr
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Black Sea/Yr
0
10
20
30
40
W. Asia Minor/Yr
0
2
4
6
8
S Asia Minor/Yr
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Cyprus/Yr
0
5
10
15
20
Syria & Phoenicia/Yr
0
5
10
15
20
The East/Yr
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
Egypt & Cyrenaica/Yr
Overall denominational split
4drs.
drs.
frs.
Denominations by period
4drs. drs.
frs.
333-324
323-301
300-282
281-224
223-191
190-126
125-70
Denominations by region
4drs. drs.
frs.
Types of Alexander coinage:
Agency and Purpose
Alexanders
Lifetime
Macedonian Imperial
Posthumous
Royal
Continuation Imitative
Civic
Royal civic Civic civic=

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What is an Alexander