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Symbian:	
  collabora.on,	
  open,	
  closed,	
  
                  dead?	
  
                 Stephen	
  R.	
  Walli	
  
                 September	
  2011	
  
A	
  Symbian	
  Timeline	
  

•  1998	
  Symbian	
  Ltd.	
  created	
  
•  2008	
  Symbian	
  has	
  ~66%	
  market	
  share	
  
•  2008	
  Nokia	
  acquires	
  Symbian	
  Ltd.	
  	
  
•  2009	
  Symbian	
  FoundaDon	
  launches	
  
•  2010	
  (early)	
  FoundaDon	
  “ships”	
  first	
  
   “open”	
  release	
  
•  2010	
  (end)	
  Nokia	
  announces	
  
   FoundaDons	
  end	
  
•  2011	
  FoundaDon	
  closes	
  
What	
  is	
  a	
  Founda.on?	
  

FoundaDons	
  are	
  non-­‐profits*	
  that	
  provide:	
  
                    Legal	
  Structure	
  
                  Business	
  OperaDons	
  
                   Technical	
  Services	
  




                                      *	
  But	
  they	
  are	
  sDll	
  businesses	
  
Why	
  does	
  it	
  ma<er?	
  


FoundaDons	
  act	
  as	
  community	
  centre-­‐of-­‐gravity	
  
     Neutrality	
  encourages	
  contribuDon	
  
       Clean	
  IP	
  encourages	
  adopDon	
  
Founda.on	
  as	
  Community	
  Centre-­‐of-­‐Gravity	
  
Crea.ng	
  Strong	
  Communi.es*	
  
•  Create	
  an	
  Architecture	
  of	
  ParDcipaDon	
  
      –  Start	
  the	
  conversaDon	
  with	
  code	
  and	
  great	
  technology	
  
      –  Have	
  frequent	
  releases	
  
•  Need	
  to	
  make	
  it	
  easy	
  to	
  join	
  the	
  conversaDon	
  	
  
      –  Give	
  people	
  things	
  to	
  do	
  
      –  Build	
  tutorials,	
  documentaDon,	
  books	
  
•  Find	
  and	
  support	
  your	
  tribal	
  leader(s)	
  
•  Commiers	
  need	
  to	
  be	
  strong	
  communicators	
  with	
  good	
  conflict	
  
   resoluDon	
  skills	
  	
  
•  Be	
  as	
  transparent	
  as	
  possible	
  
      –  No	
  internal	
  mailing	
  lists	
  
      –  Publish	
  the	
  bug	
  database	
  
      –  Push	
  everything	
  to	
  the	
  edge	
  


                                                                          *	
  A	
  Symbian	
  Training	
  Slide	
  
A	
  Failure	
  to	
  Communicate*	
  
•  Not	
  all	
  developers	
  are	
  good	
  communicators	
  	
  
•  Marketers	
  sDll	
  want	
  to	
  be	
  in	
  control	
  
      –  Remember	
  you	
  win	
  by	
  giving	
  up	
  control	
  
      –  Novell	
  Hula	
  failure	
  (Keeping	
  the	
  “cool	
  features”	
  back	
  to	
  make	
  a	
  “big	
  
         splash”)	
  	
  	
  
•  Too	
  easy	
  to	
  fall	
  back	
  into	
  the	
  old	
  way	
  of	
  doing	
  things	
  
•  How	
  do	
  you	
  know	
  when	
  you	
  are	
  successful?	
  
      –  Metrics	
  are	
  hard	
  to	
  gather	
  
•  If	
  you	
  publish	
  it	
  the	
  world	
  will	
  NOT	
  beat	
  a	
  path	
  to	
  your	
  door	
  
   (Mozilla)	
  
•  Not	
  invented	
  here	
  and	
  a	
  second	
  class	
  community	
  (OpenSolaris)	
  
•  Holding	
  back	
  technology	
  (Hula)	
  
•  Holding	
  back	
  informaDon	
  is	
  a	
  breach	
  of	
  trust	
  

                                                                              *	
  A	
  Symbian	
  Training	
  Slide	
  
Berkus’s	
  Ten	
  Steps	
  to	
  Destroy	
  Your	
  Community	
  

                   Difficult	
  Tools	
  
                   Poisonous	
  People	
  
                   No	
  DocumentaDon	
  
                   Closed	
  Door	
  MeeDngs	
  
                   Legalese,	
  Legalese,	
  Legalese	
  
                   Bad	
  Liaison	
  	
  
                   Governance	
  ObfuscaDon	
  
                   Screw	
  around	
  with	
  Licenses	
  
                   No	
  Outside	
  Commiers	
  
                   Be	
  Silent	
  
Neutrality	
  Encourages	
  Contribu.on	
  
                (Inbound)	
  
Neutrality	
  and	
  Ownership	
  

•  Henrik	
  Ingo	
  staDsDcs	
  on	
  foundaDons	
  and	
  
   project	
  acDvity	
  (hp://bit.ly/f3O34M)	
  
•  Successful	
  Projects	
  Grow	
  and	
  Evolve	
  unDl	
  …	
  
    –  Apache	
  Soiware	
  FoundaDon	
  
    –  OSDL/Linux	
  FoundaDon	
  
    –  Eclipse	
  FoundaDon	
  
Clean	
  IP	
  Encourages	
  Adop.on	
  
               (Outbound)	
  
Legal	
  Structures	
  are	
  Important	
  


•    License	
  (inbound/outbound)	
  
•    Assignments	
  and	
  ContribuDon	
  Licenses	
  	
  
•    Provenance	
  tracking	
  
•    Liability	
  and	
  risk	
  management	
  
•    Commier	
  indemnificaDon	
  
Corporate	
  Projects	
  




          versus	
  
Symbian	
  Founda.on	
  Execu.on	
  


   Code	
  flow	
  and	
  neutrality	
  
   Efficiency	
  and	
  cost	
  effecDveness	
  
   Membership	
  culture	
  
   Corporate	
  culture	
  
Symbian	
  now	
  …	
  
Not	
  Open	
  Source,	
  just	
  Open	
  for	
  Business	
  
We	
  have	
  received	
  quesDons	
  about	
  the	
  use	
  of	
  words	
  “open”,	
  “open	
  source”,	
  and	
  about	
  having	
  a	
  
registraDon	
  process	
  before	
  allowing	
  access	
  to	
  the	
  code.	
  
As	
  we	
  have	
  consistently	
  said,	
  Nokia	
  is	
  making	
  the	
  Symbian	
  plalorm	
  available	
  under	
  an	
  alternaDve,	
  
open	
  and	
  direct	
  model,	
  to	
  enable	
  us	
  to	
  conDnue	
  working	
  with	
  the	
  remaining	
  Japanese	
  OEMs	
  and	
  
the	
  relaDvely	
  small	
  community	
  of	
  plalorm	
  development	
  collaborators	
  we	
  are	
  already	
  working	
  with.	
  
Through	
  these	
  pages	
  we	
  are	
  releasing	
  source	
  code	
  to	
  these	
  collaborators,	
  but	
  are	
  not	
  maintaining	
  
Symbian	
  as	
  an	
  open	
  source	
  development	
  project.	
  Consistent	
  with	
  this,	
  the	
  Nokia	
  Symbian	
  License	
  is	
  
an	
  alternaDve	
  license	
  which	
  provides	
  an	
  access	
  to	
  Nokia’s	
  addiDonal	
  Symbian	
  development	
  for	
  
parDes	
  which	
  collaborate	
  with	
  Nokia	
  on	
  the	
  Symbian	
  plalorm.	
  
Also	
  consistently	
  with	
  the	
  announcement,	
  we	
  are	
  monitoring	
  the	
  registraDons	
  and	
  approving	
  the	
  
aforemenDoned	
  plalorm	
  collaborators	
  only.	
  There	
  is	
  a	
  backlog	
  of	
  registraDons	
  which	
  we	
  are	
  
processing	
  conDnuously.	
  
AddiDonally,	
  Nokia	
  is	
  commied	
  to	
  supporDng	
  applicaDon	
  developers	
  to	
  leverage	
  the	
  conDnuing	
  
opportunity	
  from	
  Symbian	
  and	
  Qt,	
  they	
  can	
  get	
  that	
  support,	
  including	
  development	
  tools,	
  
documentaDon	
  and	
  other	
  assistance	
  from	
  Forum	
  Nokia.	
  



                                                                                                         hp://bit.ly/ffcKZ9	
  
Ques.ons?	
  

                        Stephen	
  R.	
  Walli	
  
        Technical	
  Director,	
  Outercurve	
  FoundaDon	
  
               hp://www.outercurve.org	
  
                     swalli@outercurve.org	
  
hp://stephesblog.blogs.com	
  	
  (Once	
  More	
  unto	
  the	
  Breach)	
  
     hp://www.networkworld.com/community/walli	
  
                        @stephenrwalli	
  

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Symbian: collaboration, open, closed, dead?

  • 1. Symbian:  collabora.on,  open,  closed,   dead?   Stephen  R.  Walli   September  2011  
  • 2. A  Symbian  Timeline   •  1998  Symbian  Ltd.  created   •  2008  Symbian  has  ~66%  market  share   •  2008  Nokia  acquires  Symbian  Ltd.     •  2009  Symbian  FoundaDon  launches   •  2010  (early)  FoundaDon  “ships”  first   “open”  release   •  2010  (end)  Nokia  announces   FoundaDons  end   •  2011  FoundaDon  closes  
  • 3. What  is  a  Founda.on?   FoundaDons  are  non-­‐profits*  that  provide:   Legal  Structure   Business  OperaDons   Technical  Services   *  But  they  are  sDll  businesses  
  • 4. Why  does  it  ma<er?   FoundaDons  act  as  community  centre-­‐of-­‐gravity   Neutrality  encourages  contribuDon   Clean  IP  encourages  adopDon  
  • 5. Founda.on  as  Community  Centre-­‐of-­‐Gravity  
  • 6. Crea.ng  Strong  Communi.es*   •  Create  an  Architecture  of  ParDcipaDon   –  Start  the  conversaDon  with  code  and  great  technology   –  Have  frequent  releases   •  Need  to  make  it  easy  to  join  the  conversaDon     –  Give  people  things  to  do   –  Build  tutorials,  documentaDon,  books   •  Find  and  support  your  tribal  leader(s)   •  Commiers  need  to  be  strong  communicators  with  good  conflict   resoluDon  skills     •  Be  as  transparent  as  possible   –  No  internal  mailing  lists   –  Publish  the  bug  database   –  Push  everything  to  the  edge   *  A  Symbian  Training  Slide  
  • 7. A  Failure  to  Communicate*   •  Not  all  developers  are  good  communicators     •  Marketers  sDll  want  to  be  in  control   –  Remember  you  win  by  giving  up  control   –  Novell  Hula  failure  (Keeping  the  “cool  features”  back  to  make  a  “big   splash”)       •  Too  easy  to  fall  back  into  the  old  way  of  doing  things   •  How  do  you  know  when  you  are  successful?   –  Metrics  are  hard  to  gather   •  If  you  publish  it  the  world  will  NOT  beat  a  path  to  your  door   (Mozilla)   •  Not  invented  here  and  a  second  class  community  (OpenSolaris)   •  Holding  back  technology  (Hula)   •  Holding  back  informaDon  is  a  breach  of  trust   *  A  Symbian  Training  Slide  
  • 8. Berkus’s  Ten  Steps  to  Destroy  Your  Community   Difficult  Tools   Poisonous  People   No  DocumentaDon   Closed  Door  MeeDngs   Legalese,  Legalese,  Legalese   Bad  Liaison     Governance  ObfuscaDon   Screw  around  with  Licenses   No  Outside  Commiers   Be  Silent  
  • 10. Neutrality  and  Ownership   •  Henrik  Ingo  staDsDcs  on  foundaDons  and   project  acDvity  (hp://bit.ly/f3O34M)   •  Successful  Projects  Grow  and  Evolve  unDl  …   –  Apache  Soiware  FoundaDon   –  OSDL/Linux  FoundaDon   –  Eclipse  FoundaDon  
  • 11. Clean  IP  Encourages  Adop.on   (Outbound)  
  • 12. Legal  Structures  are  Important   •  License  (inbound/outbound)   •  Assignments  and  ContribuDon  Licenses     •  Provenance  tracking   •  Liability  and  risk  management   •  Commier  indemnificaDon  
  • 14. Symbian  Founda.on  Execu.on   Code  flow  and  neutrality   Efficiency  and  cost  effecDveness   Membership  culture   Corporate  culture  
  • 15. Symbian  now  …   Not  Open  Source,  just  Open  for  Business   We  have  received  quesDons  about  the  use  of  words  “open”,  “open  source”,  and  about  having  a   registraDon  process  before  allowing  access  to  the  code.   As  we  have  consistently  said,  Nokia  is  making  the  Symbian  plalorm  available  under  an  alternaDve,   open  and  direct  model,  to  enable  us  to  conDnue  working  with  the  remaining  Japanese  OEMs  and   the  relaDvely  small  community  of  plalorm  development  collaborators  we  are  already  working  with.   Through  these  pages  we  are  releasing  source  code  to  these  collaborators,  but  are  not  maintaining   Symbian  as  an  open  source  development  project.  Consistent  with  this,  the  Nokia  Symbian  License  is   an  alternaDve  license  which  provides  an  access  to  Nokia’s  addiDonal  Symbian  development  for   parDes  which  collaborate  with  Nokia  on  the  Symbian  plalorm.   Also  consistently  with  the  announcement,  we  are  monitoring  the  registraDons  and  approving  the   aforemenDoned  plalorm  collaborators  only.  There  is  a  backlog  of  registraDons  which  we  are   processing  conDnuously.   AddiDonally,  Nokia  is  commied  to  supporDng  applicaDon  developers  to  leverage  the  conDnuing   opportunity  from  Symbian  and  Qt,  they  can  get  that  support,  including  development  tools,   documentaDon  and  other  assistance  from  Forum  Nokia.   hp://bit.ly/ffcKZ9  
  • 16. Ques.ons?   Stephen  R.  Walli   Technical  Director,  Outercurve  FoundaDon   hp://www.outercurve.org   swalli@outercurve.org   hp://stephesblog.blogs.com    (Once  More  unto  the  Breach)   hp://www.networkworld.com/community/walli   @stephenrwalli