OWF2013 INTERNET OF THINGS

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Didier Donsez and Stephane Ribas

Internet of things, Eco system, open ness, Models to succeed in your open projects!

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OWF2013 INTERNET OF THINGS

  1. 1. Doing business o n Open Source is not selling a code that we did not pay but earn his life around a code that is not sold.
  2. 2. Oh my god, they stole my code! Stephane Ribas (Inria, D2T) Didiez Donsez (LIG) for OWF 2013
  3. 3. MENU? IOT - What is it? What can we do with it? AspireRFID project My thoughts Open Hardware Deduce a model?
  4. 4. IOT - What is it? Toc ! Toc ! Toc !
  5. 5. The Internet of Things “one vision” Mark Weiser 1991 The most profound technologies are those that disappear. They weave themselves into the fabric of everyday life until they are indistinguishable from it → Commodity
  6. 6. Mediation flow between physical & digital world ©Didier Donsez Integration Didier Donsez, 2005-2011, Vers des intergiciels RFID (WMS, MES, ERP …) Sensor Event Mediation Physical event storage Réaction en “temps réel” Publication (ALE, …)
  7. 7. What can we do with it?
  8. 8. Supply Chain Smart Fruit & Vegetable Crates 1,8 million of recyclable catres with RFID UHF tags (EPC Gen2 Producers, washing stations, dispatch hubs, Stores,end-users Images prises dans http://www.rfidjournal.com/articles/view?8933
  9. 9. Smart Trash Can (Pay-what-you-trash) Plastic Omnium, Rapport d'activité 2012, p 39-40.
  10. 10. AspireRFID project
  11. 11. AspireRFID Project Aim to develop a privacy-friendly RFID Open Source Framework http://wiki.aspire.ow2.org/
  12. 12. What is RFID?   Radio Frequency Identification Non contact
  13. 13. Many standards & patents Physical standards Frequency, Distance, Speed/Throughput Environment/Tagged products (Water, Steel, …), … Many US patents hidden by standards
  14. 14. Political Trends EPC has a strong commercial support Vendors Proprietary Systems IBM, SAP, Oracle. . . offer RFID suites Several countries are pushing their own specific standards China, Japan The open source alternatives Accada and many others (53 @ sf.net) Not very well organized!
  15. 15. ASPIRE ?
  16. 16. ASPIRE RFID Implementation User console – Object Geo Tracking
  17. 17. ASPIRE RFID Implementation User console – Object Temperature History
  18. 18. ASPIRE What did we do? begin loop Analyse the environment Build a strategy... Build a digital habitat Develop codes & initiatives Promote the project Monitor end loop
  19. 19. ASPIRE What did we do? function digital_habitat(needs) -< OW2.org >case project-identity & code-dissemination Web portal case project-collaboration Code repository Issue Tracker case project-interaction Mailing-lists end case -< OW2.org >-
  20. 20. ASPIRE What did we do? function build_web(url) Good project name Clear mission statement State “project is Open Source” Development status License used How to install and use Where to download How to contribute Mailing list end build_web
  21. 21. Oh my god, they stole my code!
  22. 22. Are you sure mafalda? .Great human adventure .Be part of an important project for society .Produce a suite of codes efficient & usable (from research lab to industrials) .We respected the Open Technologies / Open Sciences concepts .Increased knowledges & contacts .Team Brand (Work & skills recognized in our domain) .Many new collaborations ! (on other projects)
  23. 23. I was going to forget this point... ICAT killed me ;-) ICAT? Inflexible & Complex Administrative Tasks
  24. 24. And today? The code is still alive & in a public forge (OW2) We continue committing new code for... ... the pleasure of unknown eco-systems
  25. 25. Are you okay?
  26. 26. Open Hardware
  27. 27. Open Hardware eco system It produces new communities Arduino, Linaros, RaspBerry pi, Diydrones, ADA FRUITS... 13 companies 50 millions of dollars. Predictions → 1 billion of dollars in 2015.
  28. 28. What are the roles of scientists in this success? Arduino founders are working in an university in Sweden, Italy, etc. Linaros founders were PhD students... 3D printer - RepRap was born in an university... etc.
  29. 29. Open Technologies? Impact for arduino? Arduino designs & codes are OPEN … really open. Leverage effect? Facilitate project dissemination world wide Increased widely Arduino usage by a large audience Facilitated the creation of a large ecosystem.
  30. 30. Eco System? Co- creation of values? In 2012, Arduino made... 1 million of dollars based on its 100% open design hardware & software catalog.
  31. 31. Arduino Future? Arduino YUN Just simply amazing !
  32. 32. Telephony monopoly Mark Spencer founded Digium in 1999. His idea was to spread alternative solutions at very low cost on the closed PBX market. He decided to create and open its hardware designs & codes... Note that Mark decided at a point to redesign the Asterisk user interface to make it very friendly so any IT people can install their own phone system.
  33. 33. Results? It covers full spectrum of hardware equipments & a wide base of users. Asterisk is a big OSS project (926.000 lines) and one of most active... 8,000 active developers. Asterisk forums > 35,000 topics > 120,000 posts. Asterisk solutions are supported in over 170 countries. Asterisk as became a standard for open source PBX with a large community & eco-system
  34. 34. Reasons of the Digium success? OSS is particularly relevant in areas of monopoly Asterik provides an answer to a widely shared problem. Good governance & relevant choices. User friendly free software/hardware project Support & dedicated time to facilitate community management.
  35. 35. Eclipse IDE eco system
  36. 36. Control vs Neutrality? A long time ago... IBM fostered the creation of a strong dynamic eco system (huge network of companies and 10,000 daily downloads today) Few years ago, IBM's tend to control more & more the ecosystem. External contributors felt like if they were working for IBM and not for Eclipse. The stagnation of the community has pushed the Eclipse Foundation to divorce & restore some neutrality in the eyes of community members.
  37. 37. Nokia & Symbian OS
  38. 38. Is there any simple model I could use for my own IOT project?
  39. 39. Trust
  40. 40. Answer a shared need
  41. 41. Accept to share
  42. 42. Accept to dilute the control
  43. 43. Publish to increase the project development
  44. 44. Advertize your existence
  45. 45. Positive community network
  46. 46. Facilitate the knowledge flow flowledge :-)
  47. 47. Drive a ferrari or own a bicycle?
  48. 48. Use/Produce the open source leverage effect
  49. 49. Okay but when I wake up in the morning what shall I do?
  50. 50. Trust → give before taking (give contributions before receiving from the others)
  51. 51. Answer a (shared) need → identify community, project & people that are acting in areas related to your topics, identify the leaders, approach & collaborate
  52. 52. Accept to share → open (really) your project contents
  53. 53. Accept to dilute the control → delegate tasks & responsibilities → co-create value with competitors “on non-strategic applications”
  54. 54. Publish code, design... to increase the project development → release early & often → user friendly → low barrier entry
  55. 55. Advertize your existence → Submit articles in scientist magazines, webzines, blogs, conferences, tweets...
  56. 56. Positive community network → Community management → Momentum → Recognition → Interests
  57. 57. Facilitate the flowledge → publish what I learned & ask for what I don't know! → Ask & answer questions from the others
  58. 58. Drive a ferrari or own a bicycle? → Don't loose your time & your money in trying to sell code
  59. 59. Use/Produce the open source leverage effect → contribute → re-contribute → take advantage
  60. 60. OH NO! I don't want to contribute before THEY commit first!
  61. 61. A comet in Open Source conferences • A humble (free) conference that attracts insiders, opinion makers & mainstream users • A forum where people meet, talk, share • Partners? major Open Source actors • The speakers? Open Source leaders • 2013 topics? Open Education, Flow Computing, Open Art, Open Source Journalism & Open Intelligence, Eco- Systems , Eco- Trust, Eco- Nomy

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