The Internet of Things
Mark Weiser 1991
The most profound technologies are those that
disappear. They weave themselves into the fabric
of everyday life until they are indistinguishable
Smart Fruit & Vegetable Crates
1,8 million of recyclable catres with RFID UHF tags (EPC Gen2
Producers, washing stations, dispatch hubs, Stores,end-users
Images prises dans http://www.rﬁdjournal.com/articles/view?8933
Smart Trash Can
Plastic Omnium, Rapport d'activité 2012, p 39-40.
Aim to develop a privacy-friendly
RFID Open Source Framework
What is RFID?
Radio Frequency Identiﬁcation
Many standards & patents
Frequency, Distance, Speed/Throughput
Environment/Tagged products (Water, Steel, …), …
Many US patents hidden by standards
EPC has a strong commercial support
Vendors Proprietary Systems
IBM, SAP, Oracle. . . offer RFID suites
Several countries are pushing their own
The open source alternatives
Accada and many others (53 @ sf.net)
Not very well organized!
ASPIRE RFID Implementation
User console – Object Geo Tracking
ASPIRE RFID Implementation
User console – Object Temperature History
What did we do?
Analyse the environment
Build a strategy...
Build a digital habitat
Develop codes & initiatives
Promote the project
What did we do?
-< OW2.org >case project-identity & code-dissemination
-< OW2.org >-
ASPIRE What did we do?
Good project name
Clear mission statement
State “project is Open Source”
How to install and use
Where to download
How to contribute
Are you sure mafalda?
.Great human adventure
.Be part of an important project for society
.Produce a suite of codes eﬃcient & usable (from research lab to
.We respected the Open Technologies / Open Sciences concepts
.Increased knowledges & contacts
.Team Brand (Work & skills recognized in our domain)
.Many new collaborations ! (on other projects)
I was going to forget this point...
ICAT killed me ;-)
Inﬂexible & Complex
The code is still alive & in a public forge (OW2)
We continue committing new code for...
... the pleasure of unknown eco-systems
Open Hardware eco system
It produces new communities
Arduino, Linaros, RaspBerry pi, Diydrones,
50 millions of dollars.
Predictions → 1 billion of dollars in 2015.
What are the roles of scientists in
Arduino founders are working in an university
in Sweden, Italy, etc.
Linaros founders were PhD students...
3D printer - RepRap was born in an
Impact for arduino?
Arduino designs & codes are OPEN … really
Facilitate project dissemination world wide
Increased widely Arduino usage by a large
Facilitated the creation of a large ecosystem.
Co- creation of values?
In 2012, Arduino made...
1 million of dollars based on its 100% open
design hardware & software catalog.
Just simply amazing !
Mark Spencer founded Digium in 1999. His idea
was to spread alternative solutions at very low
cost on the closed PBX market.
He decided to create and open its hardware
designs & codes...
Note that Mark decided at a point to redesign the Asterisk user
interface to make it very friendly so any IT people can install their own
It covers full spectrum of hardware equipments & a
wide base of users.
Asterisk is a big OSS project (926.000 lines) and
one of most active...
8,000 active developers.
Asterisk forums > 35,000 topics > 120,000 posts.
Asterisk solutions are supported in over 170
Asterisk as became a standard for open source
PBX with a large community & eco-system
Reasons of the Digium success?
OSS is particularly relevant in areas of monopoly
Asterik provides an answer to a widely shared
Good governance & relevant choices.
User friendly free software/hardware project
Support & dedicated time to facilitate community
Control vs Neutrality?
A long time ago... IBM fostered the creation of a
strong dynamic eco system (huge network of
companies and 10,000 daily downloads today)
Few years ago, IBM's tend to control more &
more the ecosystem.
External contributors felt like if they were working
for IBM and not for Eclipse.
The stagnation of the community has pushed the
Eclipse Foundation to divorce & restore some
neutrality in the eyes of community members.
Okay but when I wake up in the
morning what shall I do?
→ give before taking (give
contributions before receiving from the
Answer a (shared) need
→ identify community, project &
people that are acting in areas
related to your topics, identify the
leaders, approach & collaborate
Accept to share
→ open (really) your project
Accept to dilute the control
→ delegate tasks & responsibilities
→ co-create value with competitors
“on non-strategic applications”
Publish code, design... to increase
the project development
→ release early & often
→ user friendly
→ low barrier entry
Advertize your existence
→ Submit articles in scientist
magazines, webzines, blogs,
Positive community network
→ Community management
Facilitate the ﬂowledge
→ publish what I learned & ask for
what I don't know!
→ Ask & answer questions from the
Drive a ferrari or own a bicycle?
→ Don't loose your time & your
money in trying to sell code
Use/Produce the open source
→ take advantage
OH NO! I don't want to
contribute before THEY commit ﬁrst!
A comet in Open Source
conferences • A humble
(free) conference that
attracts insiders, opinion
makers & mainstream users
• A forum where people
meet, talk, share • Partners?
major Open Source actors •
The speakers? Open Source
Open Education, Flow
Computing, Open Art, Open
Source Journalism & Open
Intelligence, Eco- Systems ,
Eco- Trust, Eco- Nomy