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MEDIA & CHALLENGING ENVIRONMENT
            INDONESIA




                 DANDHY D LAKSONO
         Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI)
INDONESIA




   Independent in 1945
   1945 – 1966 politically liberal
   1966 – 1998 military regime (Soeharto) 1 journalist org.
   1998 – now ‘reformation’ era (free press) 29 journalst org.
   230 million population (world’s 4th largest)
   (est) 40,000 journalists & media workers
PRINT
 (before & after 1998)


        289


1.200
THE GROWTH OF
              PRINT MEDIA




source: CIPG Report 2012
FREE TO AIR TV LICENCES
          (before & after 1998)

           5



    171
UNION
& MEDIA INSTITUTION
UNION IN MEDIA


     4


30
ADVERTISEMENT

2008             $ 4.1 billion

2011             $ 8.1 billion

2012 (est)
                 $ 10 billion
source: PPPI
ADVERTISEMENT
                MARKET SHARE


               32 %

                  68 %

source: PPPI
MEDIA CONTROL
                     12
                11           1
           10                     2

owners 9             455              3 owners
                media companies


           8                      4
                7            5
                      6
MARKET LEADERS

 38 %     MNC Group


 24,8 %   Trans Corp.


 23,8 %   Emtek Group
MNC GROUP
     $7.1 billion
   3 national FTA TV
   14 local FTA TV
   15 channels (pay TV)
   1 daily newspaper
   5 print media
   22 radio stations
   1 news portal
   2 subscribed base media
   Artis management & agency
   B to B integrated IT support
   Airlines services
   Property
   Chemical industry
   Investment agency
CT CORP.
   2 national FTA TV
   1 new mega-portal & e-newspaper
   Bank
   Insurance
   Capital Market
   Financing
   Property
   Hotel & entertainment
   Restoran dan Café (Coffee Bean,
    Chilli’s, Baskin-Robbins)
   Retail (Carrefour)
   Plantation
   Trans Airways (Garuda Ind.)
   Dept Store & Fashion (Hugo Boss,
    Versace, etc)
SCTV – INDOSIAR
   2 national FTA TV
   1 local FTA TV
   Banking IT services
   Compaq authorized distributor
   Investment agency (Singapura)
   (minority share holder) Oil
    palm plantation
   News portal
VIVA GROUP
       (BAKRIE GROUP)

   2 national FTA TV
   Oil & gas
   Telecommunication
   Coal minning (world’s 2nd largest)
   Property
   Plantation
   Infrastructure
   Steel manufacturing
   Investment agency
MAHAKA GROUP

   4 print media
   1 local FTA TV
   1 pay TV channel
   19 radio stations
   (10% share) national FTA TV
   Outdoor advertisement
   Restaurants
   Property
   Coal minning
MEDIA GROUP
      (SURYA PALOH)




   1 national FTA TV
   3 print media
   2 online media
   Hotels
   Catering
   Oil & mineral minning
TEMPO

   2 weekly magazine
   1 daily newspaper
   1 online media
   Tempo TV (channel &
    content provider)
   Printing
   ‘sister company’ of Jawa Pos
    (biggest local newspaper
    network)
JAWA POS GROUP

    134 local newspaper
    News Network
    21 local FTA TV
    Printing
   2 national newspaper (Kompas,
    Jakarta Post)
   24 local newspapers
   13 tabloids
   1 news portal
   61 magazines
   12 local FTA TV
   7 book publishers
   94 book stores
   6 printing
   Hotels & resort
   16 radio stations
   Manufacturing (tissue paper)
   University
LIPPO GROUP
(Berita Satu Media Holding)

   3 daily newspapers
   3 magazines
   1 pay TV news channel
   1 news portal
   4 tabloids
   24 retail malls
   Property & Real Estate
   Bank
   Internet & pay tv services
   7 international-standard hospitals
   University
   8 five stars hotels & resorts
ISSUES
   Editorial interferences (business & political bias)
   Under paid
   Union busting
   Freelancer (stringer)
   Capacity building & skill upgrading
   Outsourcing
UNION & MEDIA:
 THE FACTORS
       Historical background (pre &
        post nation-state)
       Corporation resistance
       Group identification
        (profession or labor)
       The pioneers determination
       Journalists turn over level
        (demand creates hijacking)
       Individual opportunity &
        struggle of welfare
STRATEGIES
   Case by case advocacy (collective bargaining
    approach & structural perspective approach)
   Political (affiliation) pressure (2nd track
    diplomacy)
   Public campaign
   Community/group base approach
ALERT !!!
       HUMAN OUTSOURCING MODEL
     BERITA SATU MEDIA HOLDING CASE

                          ‘ORGANIC’ EMPLOYEE
                       (GM, manager, executive producer)
                              (‘white collar’ level)
FIRST MEDIA NEWS
      (FMN)                   NEWSROOM
   (PUBLISHER)
                        DUTA MITRA SELARAS (DMS)
   B to B scheme              (‘blue collar’ level)
ordering HR services
 (HR risk transfer)      Producers, Reporters, Camera
                          Persons, Video Editors, Studio
                                   Crews, etc

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Media & Industrial environment

  • 1. MEDIA & CHALLENGING ENVIRONMENT INDONESIA DANDHY D LAKSONO Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI)
  • 2. INDONESIA  Independent in 1945  1945 – 1966 politically liberal  1966 – 1998 military regime (Soeharto) 1 journalist org.  1998 – now ‘reformation’ era (free press) 29 journalst org.  230 million population (world’s 4th largest)  (est) 40,000 journalists & media workers
  • 3. PRINT (before & after 1998) 289 1.200
  • 4. THE GROWTH OF PRINT MEDIA source: CIPG Report 2012
  • 5. FREE TO AIR TV LICENCES (before & after 1998) 5 171
  • 8. ADVERTISEMENT 2008 $ 4.1 billion 2011 $ 8.1 billion 2012 (est) $ 10 billion source: PPPI
  • 9. ADVERTISEMENT MARKET SHARE 32 % 68 % source: PPPI
  • 10. MEDIA CONTROL 12 11 1 10 2 owners 9 455 3 owners media companies 8 4 7 5 6
  • 11. MARKET LEADERS 38 % MNC Group 24,8 % Trans Corp. 23,8 % Emtek Group
  • 12. MNC GROUP $7.1 billion  3 national FTA TV  14 local FTA TV  15 channels (pay TV)  1 daily newspaper  5 print media  22 radio stations  1 news portal  2 subscribed base media  Artis management & agency  B to B integrated IT support  Airlines services  Property  Chemical industry  Investment agency
  • 13. CT CORP.  2 national FTA TV  1 new mega-portal & e-newspaper  Bank  Insurance  Capital Market  Financing  Property  Hotel & entertainment  Restoran dan Café (Coffee Bean, Chilli’s, Baskin-Robbins)  Retail (Carrefour)  Plantation  Trans Airways (Garuda Ind.)  Dept Store & Fashion (Hugo Boss, Versace, etc)
  • 14. SCTV – INDOSIAR  2 national FTA TV  1 local FTA TV  Banking IT services  Compaq authorized distributor  Investment agency (Singapura)  (minority share holder) Oil palm plantation  News portal
  • 15. VIVA GROUP (BAKRIE GROUP)  2 national FTA TV  Oil & gas  Telecommunication  Coal minning (world’s 2nd largest)  Property  Plantation  Infrastructure  Steel manufacturing  Investment agency
  • 16. MAHAKA GROUP  4 print media  1 local FTA TV  1 pay TV channel  19 radio stations  (10% share) national FTA TV  Outdoor advertisement  Restaurants  Property  Coal minning
  • 17. MEDIA GROUP (SURYA PALOH)  1 national FTA TV  3 print media  2 online media  Hotels  Catering  Oil & mineral minning
  • 18. TEMPO  2 weekly magazine  1 daily newspaper  1 online media  Tempo TV (channel & content provider)  Printing  ‘sister company’ of Jawa Pos (biggest local newspaper network)
  • 19. JAWA POS GROUP  134 local newspaper  News Network  21 local FTA TV  Printing
  • 20. 2 national newspaper (Kompas, Jakarta Post)  24 local newspapers  13 tabloids  1 news portal  61 magazines  12 local FTA TV  7 book publishers  94 book stores  6 printing  Hotels & resort  16 radio stations  Manufacturing (tissue paper)  University
  • 21. LIPPO GROUP (Berita Satu Media Holding)  3 daily newspapers  3 magazines  1 pay TV news channel  1 news portal  4 tabloids  24 retail malls  Property & Real Estate  Bank  Internet & pay tv services  7 international-standard hospitals  University  8 five stars hotels & resorts
  • 22. ISSUES  Editorial interferences (business & political bias)  Under paid  Union busting  Freelancer (stringer)  Capacity building & skill upgrading  Outsourcing
  • 23. UNION & MEDIA: THE FACTORS  Historical background (pre & post nation-state)  Corporation resistance  Group identification (profession or labor)  The pioneers determination  Journalists turn over level (demand creates hijacking)  Individual opportunity & struggle of welfare
  • 24. STRATEGIES  Case by case advocacy (collective bargaining approach & structural perspective approach)  Political (affiliation) pressure (2nd track diplomacy)  Public campaign  Community/group base approach
  • 25. ALERT !!! HUMAN OUTSOURCING MODEL BERITA SATU MEDIA HOLDING CASE ‘ORGANIC’ EMPLOYEE (GM, manager, executive producer) (‘white collar’ level) FIRST MEDIA NEWS (FMN) NEWSROOM (PUBLISHER) DUTA MITRA SELARAS (DMS) B to B scheme (‘blue collar’ level) ordering HR services (HR risk transfer) Producers, Reporters, Camera Persons, Video Editors, Studio Crews, etc