SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 24
Download to read offline
New gTLD Basics!
2
+  Overview about domain names, gTLD timeline and the New
gTLD Program
+  Why is ICANN doing this; potential impact of this initiative to
businesses, governments, Internet communities and users
+  Program – who, when, what, how
+  Where to get more information

Agenda!
2
3
The Anatomy of a Domain Name!
3
www.mee%ngs.icann.org	
  
First or Top-Level
Second-Level
Third-Level
4
The Anatomy of a Domain Name!
4
www.mee%ngs.icann.org	
  
First or Top-Level
Second-Level
Third-Level
5
Terminology Clarifications!
+  gTLD = generic Top-Level Domain
Also known as an extension, label, string, suffix…
Series of characters that make up part of your
Internet address
+  ccTLD = country code Top-Level Domain
+  IDN – Internationalized Domain Name
Domain name represented by local language
characters, or letter equivalents
5
6
ROOT
New gTLDs
 IDN ccTLDs
.
.brand	
   .generic	
  
.city	
   .acronym	
  
.gIDNs	
  
.region	
  .community	
  

‫ت‬‫.ا%$را‬
.рф	
  
	
  
&'‫ا,+*)د‬
-.%
. 香港
.சிங்கப்பூர்
. ไทย
6
New gTLD Program
 Fast Track Program
.name
.gov
.mobi
.asia
.arpa
.edu
.com
.cat
.jobs
.travel
.museum
.net
.tel
.org
.int	
  
.info
.biz
.mil
.aero
.pro
 .post
.coop
.xxx
gTLD
.jp
.br
.nl
.eg
.eu
.mx
.cc
.cv
.dm
.hr
.py
.ru
.sg
.pt
.va
 .ws
.nz
.au
.mo
.kr
.jm
 .tv
.be
.cl
.is
.tr
 .cn
ccTLD
7
DNS - A Complex Ecosystem!
7
ccTLD Registries
Registrars
gTLDs + some ccTLDs
	
  
Resellers
gTLD Registries
Registrant
8
What is a gTLD Registry?!
+  Is a business with very specific technical requirements 
+  Mandatory Agreement with ICANN
+  Is the authoritative, master database of all domain
names registered in each top-level domain 
+  Keeps the master database and also generates the
"zone file" which allows computers to route Internet
traffic to and from top-level domains anywhere in the
world
+  Today, Internet users don't interact directly with the
registry operator; users can register names by using
ICANN-Accredited Registrars
8
9
What is the New gTLD Program?!
+  An initiative that will enable the introduction of unlimited
generic top-level domain names or extensions (both
ASCII and IDN) into the domain name space
+  Managed by the Internet Corporation for Assigned
Names and Numbers (ICANN)
	
  
9
10
gTLD Timeline!
10
Predating ICANN
(before 1998)
2000 Round
2004 Round
.com .edu
.gov .int .mil .net
.org .arpa
.aero .biz .coop
.info .museum
.name .pro
.asia .cat .xxx
.jobs .mobi .tel
.travel .post
New gTLD Program 
Policy development
Dec 2005 to Sep 2007
11
11
ICANN Board
Policy approval
Jun 2008
Development and
Publication 

Oct 2008 – Jan 2012
Application Period
Jan – May 2012
First New gTLDs
Delegated into
Internet Root
Zone
Evaluation Period
1930 Applications
Received
12
Why Expand the Top-Level?!
+  Remove existing limitations to ASCII gTLDs which do
not reflect growing Internet reality and needs
+  Create platform to innovation in the industry and
Internet
+  Open doors to increase choice and competition in the
market place
	
  
12
13
Potential Impact - Businesses!
+  Opportunity for investment
+  More choice and competition
+  Platform to innovation; new business model opportunities 
+  Brand management and online marketing practices
+  Impact to industry sectors; security; control; user behavior
+  Upgrade systems/applications to accept new TLDs
13
14
Potential Impact -!
Governments & Communities!
+  Increase of online cultural, linguistic, geographic
communities
+  More globally and culturally inclusive internet with IDNs
+  Geographic names
14
15
Potential Impact - Internet Users!
+  More choice; innovation; competition
+  Online cultural, linguistic, geographic communities
+  New ways to find information, products and services
	
  
15
16
Safeguards | Evaluation Process!
+  Applicants must demonstrate technical and operational
capabilities in application
+  Must show understanding of technical requirements for
operating a registry
+  Background screening process looks for criminal history
and past cybersquatting behavior
16
17
Safeguards | Objection Process!
+  Built-in means to protect certain interests and rights
+  Clear path for formal objections during evaluation
process
+  ICANN’s Governmental Advisory Committee can issue
advice to ICANN Board on applications
17
18
Grounds for Objection!
18
String	
  Confusion	
  
	
  
	
  
Legal	
  Rights	
  
	
  
	
  
Limited	
  
Public	
  interest	
  
	
  
	
  
Community	
  
Objec%on	
  
	
  
19
Rights Protection Mechanisms!
+  Trademark Clearinghouse
+  Uniform Rapid Suspension
+  Post-Delegation Dispute Resolution Procedure
19
20
Safeguards | Mitigating Malicious Conduct!
+  Applicants reviewed for past criminal history
+  DNSSEC deployment
+  Thick Whois
+  Single point of contact for abuse complaints
20
21
21
What’s Next for New gTLDs?!
+  Contracting and Pre-Delegation Testing
+  Delegation into the Root Server
+  No specific date for next round
22
Get Involved with ICANN!
+  Make your voice heard – join the discussion!
+  Check meetings.icann.org for upcoming events.
	
  
22
23
More Information…!
www.icann.org
www.icann.org/newgtlds
	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  
23
@ICANN
@NewgTLDsICANN
Thank You!

More Related Content

Similar to ICANN's New generic Top-Level Domain Program

Steve Gobin, "New gTLD Basics New Internet Extensions"
Steve Gobin, "New gTLD Basics New Internet Extensions"Steve Gobin, "New gTLD Basics New Internet Extensions"
Steve Gobin, "New gTLD Basics New Internet Extensions"
Webhosting.pl
 
Three Years of Beyond the Dot: A Retrospective of the New gTLD Program
Three Years of Beyond the Dot: A Retrospective of the New gTLD ProgramThree Years of Beyond the Dot: A Retrospective of the New gTLD Program
Three Years of Beyond the Dot: A Retrospective of the New gTLD Program
BeyondtheDot
 
Ten minute introdction to ICANN for Business
Ten minute introdction to ICANN for BusinessTen minute introdction to ICANN for Business
Ten minute introdction to ICANN for Business
ICANN
 

Similar to ICANN's New generic Top-Level Domain Program (20)

Steve Gobin, "New gTLD Basics New Internet Extensions"
Steve Gobin, "New gTLD Basics New Internet Extensions"Steve Gobin, "New gTLD Basics New Internet Extensions"
Steve Gobin, "New gTLD Basics New Internet Extensions"
 
DotBrand (08/2011) - VAYTON
DotBrand (08/2011) - VAYTONDotBrand (08/2011) - VAYTON
DotBrand (08/2011) - VAYTON
 
ICANN and the Internet Ecosystem
ICANN and the Internet EcosystemICANN and the Internet Ecosystem
ICANN and the Internet Ecosystem
 
ICANN Updates by Yu Chang Kuek
ICANN Updates by Yu Chang KuekICANN Updates by Yu Chang Kuek
ICANN Updates by Yu Chang Kuek
 
The Journey to New gTLDs
The Journey to New gTLDsThe Journey to New gTLDs
The Journey to New gTLDs
 
ICANN Engagement Update
ICANN Engagement UpdateICANN Engagement Update
ICANN Engagement Update
 
Three Years of Beyond the Dot: A Retrospective of the New gTLD Program
Three Years of Beyond the Dot: A Retrospective of the New gTLD ProgramThree Years of Beyond the Dot: A Retrospective of the New gTLD Program
Three Years of Beyond the Dot: A Retrospective of the New gTLD Program
 
India’s DNS Industry: Innovation & Opportunities in the gTLD Marketplace - Ku...
India’s DNS Industry: Innovation & Opportunities in the gTLD Marketplace - Ku...India’s DNS Industry: Innovation & Opportunities in the gTLD Marketplace - Ku...
India’s DNS Industry: Innovation & Opportunities in the gTLD Marketplace - Ku...
 
New gTLDs
New gTLDsNew gTLDs
New gTLDs
 
ARM 7: ICANN - Security, stability and resilience of the Internet
ARM 7: ICANN - Security, stability and resilience  of the InternetARM 7: ICANN - Security, stability and resilience  of the Internet
ARM 7: ICANN - Security, stability and resilience of the Internet
 
Akram Atallah Presentation from 3rd Marketing & gTLD Strategy Congress NYC
Akram Atallah Presentation from 3rd Marketing & gTLD Strategy Congress NYCAkram Atallah Presentation from 3rd Marketing & gTLD Strategy Congress NYC
Akram Atallah Presentation from 3rd Marketing & gTLD Strategy Congress NYC
 
New G Tld Basics New Internet Extensions
New G Tld Basics  New Internet ExtensionsNew G Tld Basics  New Internet Extensions
New G Tld Basics New Internet Extensions
 
NomCom, GNSO Policy Update Presentation by Sophia Bekele in Lisbon 2007
NomCom, GNSO Policy Update Presentation by Sophia Bekele  in Lisbon 2007NomCom, GNSO Policy Update Presentation by Sophia Bekele  in Lisbon 2007
NomCom, GNSO Policy Update Presentation by Sophia Bekele in Lisbon 2007
 
Meeting the Digital India Challenge
Meeting the Digital India ChallengeMeeting the Digital India Challenge
Meeting the Digital India Challenge
 
ICANN
ICANNICANN
ICANN
 
Akram Atallah Presentation from Middle East DNS Forum
Akram Atallah Presentation from Middle East DNS ForumAkram Atallah Presentation from Middle East DNS Forum
Akram Atallah Presentation from Middle East DNS Forum
 
ICANN 50 Business Digest
ICANN 50 Business DigestICANN 50 Business Digest
ICANN 50 Business Digest
 
Ten minute introdction to ICANN for Business
Ten minute introdction to ICANN for BusinessTen minute introdction to ICANN for Business
Ten minute introdction to ICANN for Business
 
ICANN 51 Business Digest
ICANN 51 Business DigestICANN 51 Business Digest
ICANN 51 Business Digest
 
Nixi presentation-
Nixi presentation-Nixi presentation-
Nixi presentation-
 

More from ICANN

More from ICANN (20)

Call for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_PT
Call for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_PTCall for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_PT
Call for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_PT
 
Call for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_ZH
Call for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_ZHCall for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_ZH
Call for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_ZH
 
Call for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_ES
Call for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_ESCall for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_ES
Call for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_ES
 
Call for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_AR
Call for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_ARCall for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_AR
Call for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_AR
 
Call for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_FR
Call for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_FRCall for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_FR
Call for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_FR
 
Call for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_RU
Call for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_RUCall for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_RU
Call for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team_RU
 
Call for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team
Call for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review TeamCall for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team
Call for Volunteers: Accountability & Transparency Review Team
 
ICANN Expected Standards of Behavior | French
ICANN Expected Standards of Behavior | FrenchICANN Expected Standards of Behavior | French
ICANN Expected Standards of Behavior | French
 
ICANN Expected Standards of Behavior
ICANN Expected Standards of BehaviorICANN Expected Standards of Behavior
ICANN Expected Standards of Behavior
 
ICANN Expected Standards of Behavior | Russian
ICANN Expected Standards of Behavior | RussianICANN Expected Standards of Behavior | Russian
ICANN Expected Standards of Behavior | Russian
 
ICANN Expected Standards of Behavior | Arabic
ICANN Expected Standards of Behavior | ArabicICANN Expected Standards of Behavior | Arabic
ICANN Expected Standards of Behavior | Arabic
 
ICANN Expected Standards of Behavior | Chinese
ICANN Expected Standards of Behavior | ChineseICANN Expected Standards of Behavior | Chinese
ICANN Expected Standards of Behavior | Chinese
 
ICANN Expected Standards of Behavior | Spanish
ICANN Expected Standards of Behavior | SpanishICANN Expected Standards of Behavior | Spanish
ICANN Expected Standards of Behavior | Spanish
 
Policy Development Process Infographic Turkish
Policy Development Process Infographic TurkishPolicy Development Process Infographic Turkish
Policy Development Process Infographic Turkish
 
Policy Development Process Infographic Russian
Policy Development Process Infographic RussianPolicy Development Process Infographic Russian
Policy Development Process Infographic Russian
 
Policy Development Process Infographic Portuguese
Policy Development Process Infographic PortuguesePolicy Development Process Infographic Portuguese
Policy Development Process Infographic Portuguese
 
Policy Development Process Infographic Spanish
Policy Development Process Infographic SpanishPolicy Development Process Infographic Spanish
Policy Development Process Infographic Spanish
 
Policy Development Process Infographic French
Policy Development Process Infographic FrenchPolicy Development Process Infographic French
Policy Development Process Infographic French
 
Policy Development Process Infographic English
Policy Development Process Infographic EnglishPolicy Development Process Infographic English
Policy Development Process Infographic English
 
Policy Development Process Infographic Chinese
Policy Development Process Infographic ChinesePolicy Development Process Infographic Chinese
Policy Development Process Infographic Chinese
 

Recently uploaded

Harnessing Passkeys in the Battle Against AI-Powered Cyber Threats.pptx
Harnessing Passkeys in the Battle Against AI-Powered Cyber Threats.pptxHarnessing Passkeys in the Battle Against AI-Powered Cyber Threats.pptx
Harnessing Passkeys in the Battle Against AI-Powered Cyber Threats.pptx
FIDO Alliance
 
TrustArc Webinar - Unified Trust Center for Privacy, Security, Compliance, an...
TrustArc Webinar - Unified Trust Center for Privacy, Security, Compliance, an...TrustArc Webinar - Unified Trust Center for Privacy, Security, Compliance, an...
TrustArc Webinar - Unified Trust Center for Privacy, Security, Compliance, an...
TrustArc
 
Tales from a Passkey Provider Progress from Awareness to Implementation.pptx
Tales from a Passkey Provider  Progress from Awareness to Implementation.pptxTales from a Passkey Provider  Progress from Awareness to Implementation.pptx
Tales from a Passkey Provider Progress from Awareness to Implementation.pptx
FIDO Alliance
 
Easier, Faster, and More Powerful – Alles Neu macht der Mai -Wir durchleuchte...
Easier, Faster, and More Powerful – Alles Neu macht der Mai -Wir durchleuchte...Easier, Faster, and More Powerful – Alles Neu macht der Mai -Wir durchleuchte...
Easier, Faster, and More Powerful – Alles Neu macht der Mai -Wir durchleuchte...
panagenda
 
CORS (Kitworks Team Study 양다윗 발표자료 240510)
CORS (Kitworks Team Study 양다윗 발표자료 240510)CORS (Kitworks Team Study 양다윗 발표자료 240510)
CORS (Kitworks Team Study 양다윗 발표자료 240510)
Wonjun Hwang
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Harnessing Passkeys in the Battle Against AI-Powered Cyber Threats.pptx
Harnessing Passkeys in the Battle Against AI-Powered Cyber Threats.pptxHarnessing Passkeys in the Battle Against AI-Powered Cyber Threats.pptx
Harnessing Passkeys in the Battle Against AI-Powered Cyber Threats.pptx
 
Navigating the Large Language Model choices_Ravi Daparthi
Navigating the Large Language Model choices_Ravi DaparthiNavigating the Large Language Model choices_Ravi Daparthi
Navigating the Large Language Model choices_Ravi Daparthi
 
The Ultimate Prompt Engineering Guide for Generative AI: Get the Most Out of ...
The Ultimate Prompt Engineering Guide for Generative AI: Get the Most Out of ...The Ultimate Prompt Engineering Guide for Generative AI: Get the Most Out of ...
The Ultimate Prompt Engineering Guide for Generative AI: Get the Most Out of ...
 
Event-Driven Architecture Masterclass: Challenges in Stream Processing
Event-Driven Architecture Masterclass: Challenges in Stream ProcessingEvent-Driven Architecture Masterclass: Challenges in Stream Processing
Event-Driven Architecture Masterclass: Challenges in Stream Processing
 
Continuing Bonds Through AI: A Hermeneutic Reflection on Thanabots
Continuing Bonds Through AI: A Hermeneutic Reflection on ThanabotsContinuing Bonds Through AI: A Hermeneutic Reflection on Thanabots
Continuing Bonds Through AI: A Hermeneutic Reflection on Thanabots
 
TrustArc Webinar - Unified Trust Center for Privacy, Security, Compliance, an...
TrustArc Webinar - Unified Trust Center for Privacy, Security, Compliance, an...TrustArc Webinar - Unified Trust Center for Privacy, Security, Compliance, an...
TrustArc Webinar - Unified Trust Center for Privacy, Security, Compliance, an...
 
Event-Driven Architecture Masterclass: Integrating Distributed Data Stores Ac...
Event-Driven Architecture Masterclass: Integrating Distributed Data Stores Ac...Event-Driven Architecture Masterclass: Integrating Distributed Data Stores Ac...
Event-Driven Architecture Masterclass: Integrating Distributed Data Stores Ac...
 
Design Guidelines for Passkeys 2024.pptx
Design Guidelines for Passkeys 2024.pptxDesign Guidelines for Passkeys 2024.pptx
Design Guidelines for Passkeys 2024.pptx
 
Tales from a Passkey Provider Progress from Awareness to Implementation.pptx
Tales from a Passkey Provider  Progress from Awareness to Implementation.pptxTales from a Passkey Provider  Progress from Awareness to Implementation.pptx
Tales from a Passkey Provider Progress from Awareness to Implementation.pptx
 
Generative AI Use Cases and Applications.pdf
Generative AI Use Cases and Applications.pdfGenerative AI Use Cases and Applications.pdf
Generative AI Use Cases and Applications.pdf
 
TEST BANK For Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 16th Edition by Gerard J....
TEST BANK For Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 16th Edition by Gerard J....TEST BANK For Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 16th Edition by Gerard J....
TEST BANK For Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 16th Edition by Gerard J....
 
WebRTC and SIP not just audio and video @ OpenSIPS 2024
WebRTC and SIP not just audio and video @ OpenSIPS 2024WebRTC and SIP not just audio and video @ OpenSIPS 2024
WebRTC and SIP not just audio and video @ OpenSIPS 2024
 
Easier, Faster, and More Powerful – Alles Neu macht der Mai -Wir durchleuchte...
Easier, Faster, and More Powerful – Alles Neu macht der Mai -Wir durchleuchte...Easier, Faster, and More Powerful – Alles Neu macht der Mai -Wir durchleuchte...
Easier, Faster, and More Powerful – Alles Neu macht der Mai -Wir durchleuchte...
 
Vector Search @ sw2con for slideshare.pptx
Vector Search @ sw2con for slideshare.pptxVector Search @ sw2con for slideshare.pptx
Vector Search @ sw2con for slideshare.pptx
 
JavaScript Usage Statistics 2024 - The Ultimate Guide
JavaScript Usage Statistics 2024 - The Ultimate GuideJavaScript Usage Statistics 2024 - The Ultimate Guide
JavaScript Usage Statistics 2024 - The Ultimate Guide
 
Simplifying Mobile A11y Presentation.pptx
Simplifying Mobile A11y Presentation.pptxSimplifying Mobile A11y Presentation.pptx
Simplifying Mobile A11y Presentation.pptx
 
CORS (Kitworks Team Study 양다윗 발표자료 240510)
CORS (Kitworks Team Study 양다윗 발표자료 240510)CORS (Kitworks Team Study 양다윗 발표자료 240510)
CORS (Kitworks Team Study 양다윗 발표자료 240510)
 
Overview of Hyperledger Foundation
Overview of Hyperledger FoundationOverview of Hyperledger Foundation
Overview of Hyperledger Foundation
 
The Zero-ETL Approach: Enhancing Data Agility and Insight
The Zero-ETL Approach: Enhancing Data Agility and InsightThe Zero-ETL Approach: Enhancing Data Agility and Insight
The Zero-ETL Approach: Enhancing Data Agility and Insight
 
الأمن السيبراني - ما لا يسع للمستخدم جهله
الأمن السيبراني - ما لا يسع للمستخدم جهلهالأمن السيبراني - ما لا يسع للمستخدم جهله
الأمن السيبراني - ما لا يسع للمستخدم جهله
 

ICANN's New generic Top-Level Domain Program

  • 2. 2 +  Overview about domain names, gTLD timeline and the New gTLD Program +  Why is ICANN doing this; potential impact of this initiative to businesses, governments, Internet communities and users +  Program – who, when, what, how +  Where to get more information Agenda! 2
  • 3. 3 The Anatomy of a Domain Name! 3 www.mee%ngs.icann.org   First or Top-Level Second-Level Third-Level
  • 4. 4 The Anatomy of a Domain Name! 4 www.mee%ngs.icann.org   First or Top-Level Second-Level Third-Level
  • 5. 5 Terminology Clarifications! +  gTLD = generic Top-Level Domain Also known as an extension, label, string, suffix… Series of characters that make up part of your Internet address +  ccTLD = country code Top-Level Domain +  IDN – Internationalized Domain Name Domain name represented by local language characters, or letter equivalents 5
  • 6. 6 ROOT New gTLDs IDN ccTLDs . .brand   .generic   .city   .acronym   .gIDNs   .region  .community   
‫ت‬‫.ا%$را‬ .рф     &'‫ا,+*)د‬ -.% . 香港 .சிங்கப்பூர் . ไทย 6 New gTLD Program Fast Track Program .name .gov .mobi .asia .arpa .edu .com .cat .jobs .travel .museum .net .tel .org .int   .info .biz .mil .aero .pro .post .coop .xxx gTLD .jp .br .nl .eg .eu .mx .cc .cv .dm .hr .py .ru .sg .pt .va .ws .nz .au .mo .kr .jm .tv .be .cl .is .tr .cn ccTLD
  • 7. 7 DNS - A Complex Ecosystem! 7 ccTLD Registries Registrars gTLDs + some ccTLDs   Resellers gTLD Registries Registrant
  • 8. 8 What is a gTLD Registry?! +  Is a business with very specific technical requirements +  Mandatory Agreement with ICANN +  Is the authoritative, master database of all domain names registered in each top-level domain +  Keeps the master database and also generates the "zone file" which allows computers to route Internet traffic to and from top-level domains anywhere in the world +  Today, Internet users don't interact directly with the registry operator; users can register names by using ICANN-Accredited Registrars 8
  • 9. 9 What is the New gTLD Program?! +  An initiative that will enable the introduction of unlimited generic top-level domain names or extensions (both ASCII and IDN) into the domain name space +  Managed by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)   9
  • 10. 10 gTLD Timeline! 10 Predating ICANN (before 1998) 2000 Round 2004 Round .com .edu .gov .int .mil .net .org .arpa .aero .biz .coop .info .museum .name .pro .asia .cat .xxx .jobs .mobi .tel .travel .post New gTLD Program Policy development Dec 2005 to Sep 2007
  • 11. 11 11 ICANN Board Policy approval Jun 2008 Development and Publication 
 Oct 2008 – Jan 2012 Application Period Jan – May 2012 First New gTLDs Delegated into Internet Root Zone Evaluation Period 1930 Applications Received
  • 12. 12 Why Expand the Top-Level?! +  Remove existing limitations to ASCII gTLDs which do not reflect growing Internet reality and needs +  Create platform to innovation in the industry and Internet +  Open doors to increase choice and competition in the market place   12
  • 13. 13 Potential Impact - Businesses! +  Opportunity for investment +  More choice and competition +  Platform to innovation; new business model opportunities +  Brand management and online marketing practices +  Impact to industry sectors; security; control; user behavior +  Upgrade systems/applications to accept new TLDs 13
  • 14. 14 Potential Impact -! Governments & Communities! +  Increase of online cultural, linguistic, geographic communities +  More globally and culturally inclusive internet with IDNs +  Geographic names 14
  • 15. 15 Potential Impact - Internet Users! +  More choice; innovation; competition +  Online cultural, linguistic, geographic communities +  New ways to find information, products and services   15
  • 16. 16 Safeguards | Evaluation Process! +  Applicants must demonstrate technical and operational capabilities in application +  Must show understanding of technical requirements for operating a registry +  Background screening process looks for criminal history and past cybersquatting behavior 16
  • 17. 17 Safeguards | Objection Process! +  Built-in means to protect certain interests and rights +  Clear path for formal objections during evaluation process +  ICANN’s Governmental Advisory Committee can issue advice to ICANN Board on applications 17
  • 18. 18 Grounds for Objection! 18 String  Confusion       Legal  Rights       Limited   Public  interest       Community   Objec%on    
  • 19. 19 Rights Protection Mechanisms! +  Trademark Clearinghouse +  Uniform Rapid Suspension +  Post-Delegation Dispute Resolution Procedure 19
  • 20. 20 Safeguards | Mitigating Malicious Conduct! +  Applicants reviewed for past criminal history +  DNSSEC deployment +  Thick Whois +  Single point of contact for abuse complaints 20
  • 21. 21 21 What’s Next for New gTLDs?! +  Contracting and Pre-Delegation Testing +  Delegation into the Root Server +  No specific date for next round
  • 22. 22 Get Involved with ICANN! +  Make your voice heard – join the discussion! +  Check meetings.icann.org for upcoming events.   22
  • 23. 23 More Information…! www.icann.org www.icann.org/newgtlds                 23 @ICANN @NewgTLDsICANN