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A long journey towards
protecting soil biodiversity
Luca Montanarella
European Commission
Soils across European National borders: Building a
common understanding of European soil properties
Montanarella, L., Jones, R.J.A., Grimm, M., Hollis,
J.M., Jones, A.R. & Daroussin, J. (2001). Soil Map for
Europe: Soil classification according to the World
Reference Base for Soil Resources, large format map
(1065mm x 965mm) scale 1:4,500,000. DG-JRC,
European Commission
The first of a long and successful series
Soil Atlas of Europe, European Soil Bureau
Network European Commission, 2005, 128 pp
Office for Official Publications of the European
Communities, L-2995 Luxembourg
 Overall objective is the protection of
soil functions and sustainable use
of soil, based on the following guiding
principles:
 Prevention of soil degradation
 Restoration of degraded soils
 Sets out the four pillars of EU soil
policy
 To be implemented by MS
 2012 Report from the Commission on
the implementation of the STS
COM(2012)46
The Soil Thematic strategy, COM(2006) 231
Awareness
raising
Research
Legislation
Integration
in other
policies
Soils deliver multiple services (soil functions as identified in the
Soil Thematic Strategy COM(2006) 231):
1. Biomass production, including in agriculture and forestry;
2. Storing, filtering and transforming nutrients, substances and water;
3. Biodiversity pool, such as habitats, species and genes;
4. Physical and cultural environment for humans and human activities;
5. Source of raw materials;
6. Acting as carbon pool;
7. Archive of geological and archeological heritage.
First ever Atlas of Soil Biodiversity published in
occasion of the 2010 International Year of Biodiversity
S. Jeffery, C. Gardi, A. Jones, L. Montanarella, L.
Marmo, L. Miko, K. Ritz, G. Peres, J. Römbke and
W. H. van der Putten (eds.), 2010, European Atlas
of Soil Biodiversity. European Commission,
Publications Office of the European Union,
Luxembourg
• Established in Wageningen in 2011
• Founding members:
• Colorado State University – USA
• Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW) – The
Netherlands
• University of Manchester – United Kingdom
• Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETH) –
Switzerland
• European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) - EU
Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas
Orgiazzi, A., Bardgett, R.D., Barrios, E., Behan-Pelletier, V.,
Briones, M.J.I., Chotte, J-L., De Deyn, G.B., Eggleton, P.,
Fierer, N., Fraser, T., Hedlund, K., Jeffery, S., Johnson, N.C.,
Jones, A., Kandeler, E., Kaneko, N., Lavelle, P., Lemanceau,
P., Miko, L., Montanarella, L., Moreira, F.M.S., Ramirez, K.S.,
Scheu, S., Singh, B.K., Six, J., van der Putten, W.H., Wall,
D.H. (Eds.), 2016, Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas. European
Commission, Publications Office of the European Union,
Luxembourg. 176 pp.
Map of global distribution of soil biodiversity
Map of potential threats to soil biodiversity
Monitoring biodiversity in soils in the European Union
Orgiazzi and Panagos, Global Ecology and Biogeography, 2018Orgiazzi et al., European Journal of Soil Science, 2018
Soils are a cross-cutting theme within the European Green Deal
The
European
Green
Deal
Mobilising industry
for a clean and circular economy
Preserving and restoring
ecosystems and biodiversity
Leave no one behind
(Just Transition)
From ‘Farm to Fork’: a fair,
healthy and environmentally
friendly food system
Building and renovating in an
energy and resource efficient way
Accelerating the shift to
sustainable and smart mobility
Increasing the EU’s Climate
ambition for 2030 and 2050
Supplying clean, affordable
and secure energy
Financing the transition
A zero pollution ambition
for a toxic-free environment
A European
Climate Pact
The EU as a
global leader
Mobilising research
and fostering innovation
Transforming the
EU’s economy for a
sustainable future
And leave
No one behind
The European Green Deal
The
European
Green
Deal
• EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 in March
2020
• Follow up with concrete measures in 2021 to
address the main drivers of biodiversity loss
• A new EU Forest Strategy in 2020
• Measures to support deforestation-free value
chains from 2020
• A new EU Soil Thematic Strategy in 2021
Preserving and restoring
ecosystems and biodiversity
A European
Climate Pact
The EU as a
global leader
15
Recommendations by the Mission Board for Soil Health and Food
Caring for soil is caring for life – Ensure 75% of soils are healthy by 2030 for healthy food, people,
nature and climate
https://ec.europa.eu/info/publications/caring-soil-caring-life_en
EU Soil Observatory
Monitoring data and indicators
16
https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/eu-soil-observatory
Missing
Available
Implementation
Operational EU soil
monitoring system
supporting soil related
EU policies fully
integrated with National
soil monitoring systems
in MS
 EU soil status reporting (in
collaboration with EEA)
 Soil pollution indicators (Zero
Pollution Strategy)
 indicators in relation to the soil
aspects of the European Green
Deal including the Farm to Fork,
Biodiversity and Climate
Change Strategies
• Integration with EU MS’s National
soil monitoring systems
• ESDAC as the primary soil knowledge
hub for the EU and global data
• Coordination of EU-wide and global
sampling surveys
LUCAS Soil since 2009, Africa in 2020
• Modelling and indicator
development
Future
deliverables
Target
FPI ESTAT CLIMA ENV AGRI DEVCO SANTE
Stronger Europe in the World
• Comprehensive Strategy on Africa
European Green Deal
• Biodiversity Strategy 2030
• Zero Pollution Strategy
Protecting our European Way of Life
• Cooperation towards Sustainable Growth
European Climate Law Farm to Fork strategy’s international dimensions
A long journey with the help of
many colleagues:
Thank you to all of you for all your
help and support!

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Glinka Laureate 2020 - Montanarella

  • 1. A long journey towards protecting soil biodiversity Luca Montanarella European Commission
  • 2. Soils across European National borders: Building a common understanding of European soil properties Montanarella, L., Jones, R.J.A., Grimm, M., Hollis, J.M., Jones, A.R. & Daroussin, J. (2001). Soil Map for Europe: Soil classification according to the World Reference Base for Soil Resources, large format map (1065mm x 965mm) scale 1:4,500,000. DG-JRC, European Commission
  • 3. The first of a long and successful series Soil Atlas of Europe, European Soil Bureau Network European Commission, 2005, 128 pp Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, L-2995 Luxembourg
  • 4.  Overall objective is the protection of soil functions and sustainable use of soil, based on the following guiding principles:  Prevention of soil degradation  Restoration of degraded soils  Sets out the four pillars of EU soil policy  To be implemented by MS  2012 Report from the Commission on the implementation of the STS COM(2012)46 The Soil Thematic strategy, COM(2006) 231 Awareness raising Research Legislation Integration in other policies
  • 5. Soils deliver multiple services (soil functions as identified in the Soil Thematic Strategy COM(2006) 231): 1. Biomass production, including in agriculture and forestry; 2. Storing, filtering and transforming nutrients, substances and water; 3. Biodiversity pool, such as habitats, species and genes; 4. Physical and cultural environment for humans and human activities; 5. Source of raw materials; 6. Acting as carbon pool; 7. Archive of geological and archeological heritage.
  • 6. First ever Atlas of Soil Biodiversity published in occasion of the 2010 International Year of Biodiversity S. Jeffery, C. Gardi, A. Jones, L. Montanarella, L. Marmo, L. Miko, K. Ritz, G. Peres, J. Römbke and W. H. van der Putten (eds.), 2010, European Atlas of Soil Biodiversity. European Commission, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg
  • 7. • Established in Wageningen in 2011 • Founding members: • Colorado State University – USA • Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW) – The Netherlands • University of Manchester – United Kingdom • Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETH) – Switzerland • European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) - EU
  • 8. Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas Orgiazzi, A., Bardgett, R.D., Barrios, E., Behan-Pelletier, V., Briones, M.J.I., Chotte, J-L., De Deyn, G.B., Eggleton, P., Fierer, N., Fraser, T., Hedlund, K., Jeffery, S., Johnson, N.C., Jones, A., Kandeler, E., Kaneko, N., Lavelle, P., Lemanceau, P., Miko, L., Montanarella, L., Moreira, F.M.S., Ramirez, K.S., Scheu, S., Singh, B.K., Six, J., van der Putten, W.H., Wall, D.H. (Eds.), 2016, Global Soil Biodiversity Atlas. European Commission, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. 176 pp.
  • 9. Map of global distribution of soil biodiversity
  • 10. Map of potential threats to soil biodiversity
  • 11. Monitoring biodiversity in soils in the European Union Orgiazzi and Panagos, Global Ecology and Biogeography, 2018Orgiazzi et al., European Journal of Soil Science, 2018
  • 12. Soils are a cross-cutting theme within the European Green Deal The European Green Deal Mobilising industry for a clean and circular economy Preserving and restoring ecosystems and biodiversity Leave no one behind (Just Transition) From ‘Farm to Fork’: a fair, healthy and environmentally friendly food system Building and renovating in an energy and resource efficient way Accelerating the shift to sustainable and smart mobility Increasing the EU’s Climate ambition for 2030 and 2050 Supplying clean, affordable and secure energy Financing the transition A zero pollution ambition for a toxic-free environment A European Climate Pact The EU as a global leader Mobilising research and fostering innovation Transforming the EU’s economy for a sustainable future And leave No one behind
  • 13. The European Green Deal The European Green Deal • EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030 in March 2020 • Follow up with concrete measures in 2021 to address the main drivers of biodiversity loss • A new EU Forest Strategy in 2020 • Measures to support deforestation-free value chains from 2020 • A new EU Soil Thematic Strategy in 2021 Preserving and restoring ecosystems and biodiversity A European Climate Pact The EU as a global leader
  • 14.
  • 15. 15 Recommendations by the Mission Board for Soil Health and Food Caring for soil is caring for life – Ensure 75% of soils are healthy by 2030 for healthy food, people, nature and climate https://ec.europa.eu/info/publications/caring-soil-caring-life_en EU Soil Observatory Monitoring data and indicators
  • 16. 16 https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/eu-soil-observatory Missing Available Implementation Operational EU soil monitoring system supporting soil related EU policies fully integrated with National soil monitoring systems in MS  EU soil status reporting (in collaboration with EEA)  Soil pollution indicators (Zero Pollution Strategy)  indicators in relation to the soil aspects of the European Green Deal including the Farm to Fork, Biodiversity and Climate Change Strategies • Integration with EU MS’s National soil monitoring systems • ESDAC as the primary soil knowledge hub for the EU and global data • Coordination of EU-wide and global sampling surveys LUCAS Soil since 2009, Africa in 2020 • Modelling and indicator development Future deliverables Target FPI ESTAT CLIMA ENV AGRI DEVCO SANTE Stronger Europe in the World • Comprehensive Strategy on Africa European Green Deal • Biodiversity Strategy 2030 • Zero Pollution Strategy Protecting our European Way of Life • Cooperation towards Sustainable Growth European Climate Law Farm to Fork strategy’s international dimensions
  • 17. A long journey with the help of many colleagues: Thank you to all of you for all your help and support!

Editor's Notes

  1. Soils are a cross-cutting theme within the European Green Deal. They are highly relevant for the EU Climate Ambition, since soils hold the second largest carbon pool on earth after the oceans. They are highly relevant for the zero pollution ambition, given that soil contamination is a major threat to EU soils. They are very relevant within the EU Biodiversity Strategy 2030, given the large pool of biodiversity that is hosted by soils and the important ecosystem services they deliver. They are an important element of achieving a clean and circular economy, since they are often the final receptor of important waste streams, like bio-waste (compost). And finally, they are crucial for human health. Healthy soils provide healthy food and therefore soil health is central to the farm to fork strategy of the EU.
  2. The central role of soil health for healthy food and healthy people has been fully documented by the mission board on soil health and food. The proposed way forward by the mission board includes a monitoring framework and indicators to measure the progress made towards the ambitious target of ensuring that 75% of EU soils are healthy by 2030. You will hear later on from Cees Veerman, Chair of the Mission Board, full details about its recommendations and findings Our contribution to that goal is the establishment of the EU Soil Observatory that we are launching today.