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FRUITS
Apple
(Manzana)
Bananas
(Bananas)
Strawberries
(Fresas)
Kiwi
(Kiwis)
Pears
(Peras)
Lemons
(Limones)
Oranges
(Naranjas)
Cherries
(Cerezas)
Blueberries
(Arándanos)
Pineapple
(Piña)
Peaches
(Durazno)
VEGETABLES
Lettuce
(Lechuga)
Carrots
(Zanahorias)
Tomatoes
(Tomates)
Onios
(Cebollas)
Broccoli
(Broccoli)
Beans
(Fríjol)
Cucumber
(Pepino)
Corn
(Maíz)
Pumpkin
(Calabaza)
Green pepper
(Ají verde)
Potatoes
(Papas)
GRAINS
Rice
(Arroz)
Pasta
(Pasta)
Cereal
(Cereal)
Crackers
(Galleta salada)
Bread
(Pan)
Barley
(Cebada)
Noodles
(Fideos - Pasta)
Corn
(Maíz)
Pea
(Arveja)
Beans
(Frijoles)
Soybean
(Soja)
FATS AND OILS
Butter
(Mantequilla)
Oil olive
(Aceite)
Cream cheese
(Crema de leche)
Mayonnaise
(Mayonesa)
BBQ sauce
(Salsa barbecue)
Garlic sauce
(Salsa de ajo)
Guacamole
(Guacamole)
Heavy cream
(Nata espesa)
Ketchup
(Salsa de tomate)
Coconut oil
(Aceite de coco)
Soy sauce
(Salsa de Soja)
Vinaigrette
(Vinagreta)
DAIRY
Milk
(Leche)
Cheese
(Queso)
Yogurt
(Yogurt)
Chocolate milk
(Leche chocolatada)
Smoothie
(Batido de frutas)
Pudding
(Postre)
MEAT AND OTHER PROTEINS
Tuna
(Atún)
Chicken
(Pollo)
Eggs
(Huevos)
Pork
(Cerdo)
Fish
(Pescado)
Salmon
(Salmón)
Ham
(Jamón)
Turkey
(Pavo)
Nuts
(Frutos secos)
Meat
(Carne)
Sausages
(Salchichas)
Salami
(Salami)
Jar: Tarro, frasco
Bag: Bolsa
Box: Caja
Glass: Vaso
Cup: Taza
Can: Lata
Carton: Cartón
Tube: Tubo de
Roll: Rollo
Bottle: Botella
Water: Agua
Juice: Jugo
Tea: Té
Coffee: Café
Milkshake: Batido, malteada
Capuccino: Capuccino
Cocktails: Coctél
Soda: Gaseosa
Beer: Cerveza
Wine: Vino
COUNTABLES AND
UNCOUNTABLES NOUNS
NOUNS
Nouns are those words
that we use to identify
people, objects,
concepts and ideas in
the world around us.
COUNTABLES AND
UNCOUNTABLES NOUNS
COUNT NOUNS
Countable nouns are those that can
be counted.
They have a singular and a plural
form.
• There are three oranges.
• There is one burger.
• There are 6 watermelons.
• There is an onion.
UNCOUNT NOUNS
Uncountable nouns are those that
cannot be counted because we
cannot divide them into individual
elements. They are always singular.
• There is rice.
• There is water.
• There isn’t any salt.
COUNTABLES AND
UNCOUNTABLES NOUNS
COUNT NOUNS
dog, cat, animal, man, person,
bottle, box, litre, coin,
dollar, cup, table, chair, bag,
etc.
UNCOUNT NOUNS
music, art, love, happiness,
information, news, furniture,
rice, sugar, butter, water,
electricity, gas, money, etc.
COUNTABLES AND
UNCOUNTABLES NOUNS
COUNTABLES AND
UNCOUNTABLES NOUNS
NOTE:
• The substances that we do not separate by elements (liquid, small
grains, powdered substances, gas ...) are generally uncountable, but
they will be countable if we refer to them thinking of their
corresponding container (a cup, a glass ...):
HOW COUNTABLE AND
UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS ARE USED?
 Countable nouns are singular and plural. When we refer to
countable nouns in the singular, they can be preceded by the
indeterminate article a / an.
HOW COUNTABLE AND
UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS ARE USED?
 The uncountable names only have the singular form, usually they do
not have articles but sometimes they can be accompanied by some /
any.
HOW COUNTABLE AND
UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS ARE USED?
 If we want to express a specific quantity of an uncountable element, we will add
a group of words that divide the whole into parts that can be counted followed by
the preposition of:
A bag of: Una bolsa de, un paquete de
A slice of: Una rebanada, una rodaja de
A carton of: Un cartón de
A jar of: Un tarro de, un frasco de, un bote de
A can of: Una lata de, un bote de
A drop of: Una gota de
A tube of: Un tubo de
A bit of / A piece of: (un / una)
A pinch of: Un pellizco de, una pisca de
A roll of: Un rollo de
HOW COUNTABLE AND
UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS ARE USED?
HOW COUNTABLE AND
UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS ARE USED?
HOW COUNTABLE AND
UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS ARE USED?
COUNTABLE AND
UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS
Some names can be countable and
uncountable. In most of these
cases its meaning varies:
COUNTABLES AND
UNCOUNTABLES NOUNS
REMEMBER!
COUNTABLES AND
UNCOUNTABLES
NOUNS
QUANTIFIERS
 Use a lot of, all, few, nearly all before plural nouns:
A lot of / All / Few / Nearly all families are small.
Use no one before a verb: No one gets married the
age of 18.
Nearly all means “almost all”.
We us quantifiers when we want to give someone information about the
number of something: how much or how many.
QUANTIFIERS
In Italy, 94% of 15-year-old kids eat meals with their families regularly.
In Italy, nearly all 15-year-old kids eat meals with their families regularly.
16.5% of people in Mexico are single.
Few people in Mexico are single.
In Dominican Republic, 0% of the people get married at age 10.
In Dominican Republic, no one gets married at age 10.
60% of girls celebrate their 15th birthday in latin America.
Many girls celebrate their 15th birthday in Latin America.
40% of the people in Sweden live alone.
Some people in Sweden live alone.
QUANTIFIERS
Quantifiers / Inglés Spanish / Español Percentaje (%) Examples
All Todo (s) 100%
All the students have to take the test.
(Todos los alumnos tienen que tomar el examen.)
Nearly all
Casi todo (s) 86 - 99% Nearly all the desks are new.
(Casi todos los escritorios son nuevos.)
Most La mayoría de 70 - 85%
Most students live downtown.
(La mayoría de los estudiantes viven en el centro.)
Many Muchos (as) 55 - 60%
Many plants grow here.
(Muchas plantas crecen aquí.)
A lot of Muchos (as) 50 - 54%
A lot of people came to the event.
(Mucha gente asistió al evento.)
Some Algún (os) 30%
Some students have private tutors.
(Algunos estudiantes tienen maestros particulares.)
Not many
Poco(s) / No
mucho(s) 20%
Not many students have a scholarship.
(Pocos alumnos tienen beca.)
Few
Poco(s) / No
mucho(s) 10%
Few people signed up for the morning class.
(Poca gente se inscribió en el curso matutino.)
No one Nadie 0%
No one get married before the age of 18.
(Nadie se casa antes de los 18 años.)
QUANTIFIERS
QUANTIFIERS
Food vocabulary, countable and uncountable nouns; quantifiers.pptx

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Food vocabulary, countable and uncountable nouns; quantifiers.pptx