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GOTO Nights Berlin | 03.05.2016 | Christian Deger
Highway to heaven
Building microservices in the cloud
Christian Deger
Architect
cdeger@autoscout24.com
@cdeger
2,4 Million Vehicles
17 countries
350 employees
140 in IT
RUS
S
PL
NL
D
B
F A
HR RO
BG
UA
I
TR
E
CZ
2000 Servers
2 Data Centers
MTBF optimized
Building Microservices in the cloud - GOTO Nights Berlin 2016
New
CEO
Talent?
Do you attract
Building Microservices in the cloud - GOTO Nights Berlin 2016
good
Hmm, we are
Reboot
everything
Project
Tatsu
.NET / Windows to JVM / Linux
Monolith to Microservices
Data center to AWS
Devs + Ops to Collaboration culture
Involve product people
Building Microservices in the cloud - GOTO Nights Berlin 2016
same
direction
STRATEGIC
GOALS
Goals of the business side
ARCHITECTURAL
PRINCIPLES
High-Level Principles
DESIGN AND DELIVERY
PRINCIPLES
Tactical measures
REDUCE TIME TO MARKET
Speed, Fast Feedback
COST EFFICIENCY
Collect metrics to allow decisions cost vs. value.
SUPPORT DATA-DRIVEN DECISIONS
Listen to users and validate hypothesis.
Provide as many relevant metrics & data as possible.
YOU BUILT IT, YOU RUN IT
The team is responsible for shaping, building, running and
maintaining its products. Fast feedback from live and
customers helps us to continuously improve.
ORGANIZED AROUND BUSINESS CAPABILITIES
Build teams around products not projects. Follow the
domain and respect bounded contexts. Inverse Conway
Maneuver.
LOOSELY COUPLED
By default avoid sharing and tight coupling, except for the
big things in common. Don’t create the next monolith.
MACRO AND MICRO ARCHITECTURE
Clear separation. Autonomous micro services within the
rules and constraints of the macro architecture.
AWS FIRST
Favor AWS platform service over managed service, over
self-hosted OSS, over self-rolled solutions.
DATA-DRIVEN / METRIC-DRIVEN
Collect metrics from processes and applications. Analyze,
alert and act on them.
ELIMINATE ACCIDENTAL COMPLEXITY
Strive to keep it simple. Focus on essential complexity.
You build one, you delete one.
AUTONOMOUS TEAMS
Make fast local decisions. Be responsible. Know your
boundaries. Share findings.
INFRASTRACTURE AS CODE
Automate everything: Reproducible, traceable and tested.
Immutable servers over snowflake servers.
COLLABORATION CULTURE
Engineers from all backgrounds work together in
collaborative teams as engineers and share
responsibilities. No silos.
BE BOLD
Go into production early. Value monitoring over tests.
Recover and learn. Optimize for MTTR not MTBF.
SECURITY, COMPLIANCE AND DATA PRIVACY
Security must be included from the beginning and
everybody’s concern. Keep data-privacy in mind.
CONTAINMENT AND BOUNDARIES
Align blast radius and vendor lock-in with the boundaries of
the organization or business capabilities.
Version 1.0
Icons made by Freepik from www.flaticon.com are licensed under CC BY 3.0
Autonomous teams
business capabilities
organized around
collaboration culture
We are all
engineers!
You build it,
you run it.
Continuous
Delivery
Unlimited Infrastructure with APIs
Building Microservices in the cloud - GOTO Nights Berlin 2016
Immutable
Servers
Monitoring is the new testing
Separate
code deployment
feature release
from
How many environments?
Which versions on staging?
Prod differs anyway: Load, data, patterns
V2V3
V6 V5
V4
V7
V5
V8
Engineer CI Dev Staging
V1
V4
Prod
No
staging
environment
Event Sourcing
one way data highway
and data pumps
SQS + S3
Kinesis + S3
Kinesis + DynamoDB
SQS + DynamoDB
Proxy + DynamoDB
DynamoDB
Evolution
How (not) to share
shared nothing as default
loosely coupled
fast local decisions
voluntary adoption
exception: macro concerns
Frontend integration
Loosely coupled
Autonomous team
High optimization
Building Microservices in the cloud - GOTO Nights Berlin 2016
PageSpeed Module
css (page+fragment)
js (page+fragment)
ngx_pagespeed
css (page)
js (page)
css (fragment)
js (fragment)
Infrastructure guild
Agree on things to do
Share learnings
Delegate implementation to teams
Infrastructure product teams needed?
Building Microservices in the cloud - GOTO Nights Berlin 2016
STRATEGIC
GOALS
Goals of the business side
ARCHITECTURAL
PRINCIPLES
High-Level Principles
DESIGN AND DELIVERY
PRINCIPLES
Tactical measures
REDUCE TIME TO MARKET
Speed, Fast Feedback
COST EFFICIENCY
Collect metrics to allow decisions cost vs. value.
SUPPORT DATA-DRIVEN DECISIONS
Listen to users and validate hypothesis.
Provide as many relevant metrics & data as possible.
YOU BUILT IT, YOU RUN IT
The team is responsible for shaping, building, running and
maintaining its products. Fast feedback from live and
customers helps us to continuously improve.
ORGANIZED AROUND BUSINESS CAPABILITIES
Build teams around products not projects. Follow the
domain and respect bounded contexts. Inverse Conway
Maneuver.
LOOSELY COUPLED
By default avoid sharing and tight coupling, except for the
big things in common. Don’t create the next monolith.
MACRO AND MICRO ARCHITECTURE
Clear separation. Autonomous micro services within the
rules and constraints of the macro architecture.
AWS FIRST
Favor AWS platform service over managed service, over
self-hosted OSS, over self-rolled solutions.
DATA-DRIVEN / METRIC-DRIVEN
Collect metrics from processes and applications. Analyze,
alert and act on them.
ELIMINATE ACCIDENTAL COMPLEXITY
Strive to keep it simple. Focus on essential complexity.
You build one, you delete one.
AUTONOMOUS TEAMS
Make fast local decisions. Be responsible. Know your
boundaries. Share findings.
INFRASTRACTURE AS CODE
Automate everything: Reproducible, traceable and tested.
Immutable servers over snowflake servers.
COLLABORATION CULTURE
Engineers from all backgrounds work together in
collaborative teams as engineers and share
responsibilities. No silos.
BE BOLD
Go into production early. Value monitoring over tests.
Recover and learn. Optimize for MTTR not MTBF.
SECURITY, COMPLIANCE AND DATA PRIVACY
Security must be included from the beginning and
everybody’s concern. Keep data-privacy in mind.
CONTAINMENT AND BOUNDARIES
Align blast radius and vendor lock-in with the boundaries of
the organization or business capabilities.
Version 1.0
Icons made by Freepik from www.flaticon.com are licensed under CC BY 3.0
Picture Credits
• "HotWheels - '69 Ford Torino Talladega“ by Leap Kye, licensed under CC BY-ND 2.0
• Differences between Traditional vs Next Generation by Simon Wardley under CC BY-SA 3.0
• Enterprise IT Adoption Cycle by Simon Wardley under CC BY-SA 3.0
• And the future is private by Simon Wardley under CC BY-SA 3.0
• Leosvel et Diosmani by Ludovic Péron under CC BY-SA 3.0
• Spare wheel by Brian Snelson under CC BY 2.0
• Wheel clamps Texas by Richard Anderson from Denton, United States (Boots.) under CC BY-SA 2.0
• Wandergeselle by Sigismund von Dobschütz under CC BY-SA 3.0
• Sharing Sucks (4536747557) by eyeliam from Portland, United States under CC BY 2.0
• Traffic Jam by Doo Ho Kim under CC BY-SA 2.0
• Puzzling by Bernd Gessler (Own work) CC BY-SA 3.0
• Amazon16 by Neil Palmer/CIAT under CC BY-SA 2.0
Backup
Building Microservices in the cloud - GOTO Nights Berlin 2016
21st Century
What does a
tech company
look like?
Great Design
Universally Connected
Mobile First
Instant Business Value
Massive Data Insight
Highly Available
Giants
Stand on the
Shoulders of
Building Microservices in the cloud - GOTO Nights Berlin 2016
Conway’s Law
“organizations which design systems ... are
constrained to produce designs which are
copies of the communication structures of
these organizations”
Unified
Logs
CC
Two stacks
Cash stack meets shiny new stack
One company
Lights on in cash stack
Feature freeze
Where to build new features?
Ease of integration helps business people
WW

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Building Microservices in the cloud - GOTO Nights Berlin 2016

  • 1. GOTO Nights Berlin | 03.05.2016 | Christian Deger Highway to heaven Building microservices in the cloud
  • 4. 17 countries 350 employees 140 in IT RUS S PL NL D B F A HR RO BG UA I TR E CZ
  • 5. 2000 Servers 2 Data Centers MTBF optimized
  • 13. .NET / Windows to JVM / Linux Monolith to Microservices Data center to AWS Devs + Ops to Collaboration culture Involve product people
  • 16. STRATEGIC GOALS Goals of the business side ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES High-Level Principles DESIGN AND DELIVERY PRINCIPLES Tactical measures REDUCE TIME TO MARKET Speed, Fast Feedback COST EFFICIENCY Collect metrics to allow decisions cost vs. value. SUPPORT DATA-DRIVEN DECISIONS Listen to users and validate hypothesis. Provide as many relevant metrics & data as possible. YOU BUILT IT, YOU RUN IT The team is responsible for shaping, building, running and maintaining its products. Fast feedback from live and customers helps us to continuously improve. ORGANIZED AROUND BUSINESS CAPABILITIES Build teams around products not projects. Follow the domain and respect bounded contexts. Inverse Conway Maneuver. LOOSELY COUPLED By default avoid sharing and tight coupling, except for the big things in common. Don’t create the next monolith. MACRO AND MICRO ARCHITECTURE Clear separation. Autonomous micro services within the rules and constraints of the macro architecture. AWS FIRST Favor AWS platform service over managed service, over self-hosted OSS, over self-rolled solutions. DATA-DRIVEN / METRIC-DRIVEN Collect metrics from processes and applications. Analyze, alert and act on them. ELIMINATE ACCIDENTAL COMPLEXITY Strive to keep it simple. Focus on essential complexity. You build one, you delete one. AUTONOMOUS TEAMS Make fast local decisions. Be responsible. Know your boundaries. Share findings. INFRASTRACTURE AS CODE Automate everything: Reproducible, traceable and tested. Immutable servers over snowflake servers. COLLABORATION CULTURE Engineers from all backgrounds work together in collaborative teams as engineers and share responsibilities. No silos. BE BOLD Go into production early. Value monitoring over tests. Recover and learn. Optimize for MTTR not MTBF. SECURITY, COMPLIANCE AND DATA PRIVACY Security must be included from the beginning and everybody’s concern. Keep data-privacy in mind. CONTAINMENT AND BOUNDARIES Align blast radius and vendor lock-in with the boundaries of the organization or business capabilities. Version 1.0 Icons made by Freepik from www.flaticon.com are licensed under CC BY 3.0
  • 20. You build it, you run it.
  • 25. Monitoring is the new testing
  • 27. How many environments? Which versions on staging? Prod differs anyway: Load, data, patterns V2V3 V6 V5 V4 V7 V5 V8 Engineer CI Dev Staging V1 V4 Prod
  • 29. Event Sourcing one way data highway and data pumps
  • 30. SQS + S3 Kinesis + S3 Kinesis + DynamoDB SQS + DynamoDB Proxy + DynamoDB DynamoDB Evolution
  • 31. How (not) to share shared nothing as default loosely coupled fast local decisions voluntary adoption exception: macro concerns
  • 34. PageSpeed Module css (page+fragment) js (page+fragment) ngx_pagespeed css (page) js (page) css (fragment) js (fragment)
  • 35. Infrastructure guild Agree on things to do Share learnings Delegate implementation to teams Infrastructure product teams needed?
  • 37. STRATEGIC GOALS Goals of the business side ARCHITECTURAL PRINCIPLES High-Level Principles DESIGN AND DELIVERY PRINCIPLES Tactical measures REDUCE TIME TO MARKET Speed, Fast Feedback COST EFFICIENCY Collect metrics to allow decisions cost vs. value. SUPPORT DATA-DRIVEN DECISIONS Listen to users and validate hypothesis. Provide as many relevant metrics & data as possible. YOU BUILT IT, YOU RUN IT The team is responsible for shaping, building, running and maintaining its products. Fast feedback from live and customers helps us to continuously improve. ORGANIZED AROUND BUSINESS CAPABILITIES Build teams around products not projects. Follow the domain and respect bounded contexts. Inverse Conway Maneuver. LOOSELY COUPLED By default avoid sharing and tight coupling, except for the big things in common. Don’t create the next monolith. MACRO AND MICRO ARCHITECTURE Clear separation. Autonomous micro services within the rules and constraints of the macro architecture. AWS FIRST Favor AWS platform service over managed service, over self-hosted OSS, over self-rolled solutions. DATA-DRIVEN / METRIC-DRIVEN Collect metrics from processes and applications. Analyze, alert and act on them. ELIMINATE ACCIDENTAL COMPLEXITY Strive to keep it simple. Focus on essential complexity. You build one, you delete one. AUTONOMOUS TEAMS Make fast local decisions. Be responsible. Know your boundaries. Share findings. INFRASTRACTURE AS CODE Automate everything: Reproducible, traceable and tested. Immutable servers over snowflake servers. COLLABORATION CULTURE Engineers from all backgrounds work together in collaborative teams as engineers and share responsibilities. No silos. BE BOLD Go into production early. Value monitoring over tests. Recover and learn. Optimize for MTTR not MTBF. SECURITY, COMPLIANCE AND DATA PRIVACY Security must be included from the beginning and everybody’s concern. Keep data-privacy in mind. CONTAINMENT AND BOUNDARIES Align blast radius and vendor lock-in with the boundaries of the organization or business capabilities. Version 1.0 Icons made by Freepik from www.flaticon.com are licensed under CC BY 3.0
  • 38. Picture Credits • "HotWheels - '69 Ford Torino Talladega“ by Leap Kye, licensed under CC BY-ND 2.0 • Differences between Traditional vs Next Generation by Simon Wardley under CC BY-SA 3.0 • Enterprise IT Adoption Cycle by Simon Wardley under CC BY-SA 3.0 • And the future is private by Simon Wardley under CC BY-SA 3.0 • Leosvel et Diosmani by Ludovic Péron under CC BY-SA 3.0 • Spare wheel by Brian Snelson under CC BY 2.0 • Wheel clamps Texas by Richard Anderson from Denton, United States (Boots.) under CC BY-SA 2.0 • Wandergeselle by Sigismund von Dobschütz under CC BY-SA 3.0 • Sharing Sucks (4536747557) by eyeliam from Portland, United States under CC BY 2.0 • Traffic Jam by Doo Ho Kim under CC BY-SA 2.0 • Puzzling by Bernd Gessler (Own work) CC BY-SA 3.0 • Amazon16 by Neil Palmer/CIAT under CC BY-SA 2.0
  • 41. 21st Century What does a tech company look like?
  • 42. Great Design Universally Connected Mobile First Instant Business Value Massive Data Insight Highly Available
  • 45. Conway’s Law “organizations which design systems ... are constrained to produce designs which are copies of the communication structures of these organizations”
  • 47. Two stacks Cash stack meets shiny new stack One company Lights on in cash stack Feature freeze Where to build new features? Ease of integration helps business people WW