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BIG DEVELOPMENTS IN LESOTHO
INTRODUCTION
Lesotho has undergone a number of significant developments in recent years .For example
mines , dams and infrastructure
A GEOTECHNICAL
OVERVEIW OF KATSE DAM
AND TRANSFER TUNNELS
THE KATSE DAM AND TRANSFER TUNNEL ARE PART OF THE LESOTHO HIGHLAND WATER PROJECT
AND ARE CONSTRUCTED IN THE BASALTS OF THE DRAKENSBERG FORMATION . THE PROJECT
SUPPLY WATER TO THE MAIN INDUSTRIAL AREAS OF SOUTH AFRICA AROUND PRETORIA ,
JOHANNESBURG AND VEREENIGING . THE PROJECT COMMENCED IN 1987. A SERIES OF TESTE WERE
CARRIED OUT TO ASSESS THE DURABILITY OF THESE BASALT . THE OLIVINE BASALTS AND THESE
TYPES WHICH CONTAINED DISSEMINATED CLAY SPOTS WERE THE LEAST DURABLE . THEY WERE
UNSUITABLE FOR USE AS CONCRETE AGGREGATE.
THE CASE OF LESOTHO’S
MOHALE DAM
THE LESOTHO HIGHLANDS WATER PROJECT ,A JOINT DEVELOPMENT EFFORT OF THE
GOVERNMENT OF LESOTHO AND SOUTH AFRICA, INVOLVED THE CONSTRUCTION OF SEVERAL
LARGE DAMS AND OTHER INFRASTRUCTURE . THE PURPOSE OF THE DAM IS AND WATER
TRANSFER PROJECTS WAS TO PROVIDE WATER TO THE GAUTENG REGION OF SOUTH AFRICA
AND ELECTRICITY TO LESOTHO . PHASE 1BOF THE PROJECT ,THE MOHALE DAM ,RESULTED IN
DISPLACEMENT OF OVER 320 HOUSEHOLDS AND THE INUNDATION OF VILLAGES , FIELDS AND
GRAZING LANDS .IN LINE WITH THE 1986 TREATY BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENTS OF LESOTHO
AND SOUTH AFRICA, THE PROJECT AUTHORITIES PROVIDED COMPENSATION FOR LOSSES
SUFFERED AND PUT IN PLACE DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS IN AN EFFORT TO PROMOTE ECONOMIC
SELF-SUFFICIENCY.
MOHALE DAM VIDEO
METOLONG DAM AND RESERVOIR IN
LESOTHO
INTERVIEW .RESULT SHOW THE LOCAL VILLAGERS FELT THE OVERALL SOCIAL ,
ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS WERE MIXED . ENVIRONMENTALLY ,
THE AREA SUFFERED FROM NOISE AND AIR POLLUTION , SOIL EROSION AND
HABITAT LOSS DURING IN LESOTHO , LARGE DAMS SUPPLY SOUTH AFRICA WITH
WATER , EARNING LESOTHO ROYALTIES ,AS WELL AS SUPPLYING THIS SMALL
NATION WITH WATER AND ELECTRICITY . THIS STUDY INVESTIGATED THE
PERCEPTIONS OF RESIDENTS REGARDING THE IMPACTS ONE OF THIS DAMS ,
NAMELY THE METOLONG DAM AND RESERVOIR . THE METHODOLOGY WAS
QUALITATIVE IN NATURE ,USING DOCUMENT ANALYSIS ,FIELD NOTES AND SEMI-
STRUCTURED CONSTRUCTION .
THE LIQHOBONG MINE COOPERATIVE
IN LESOTHO
Diamond mining in the rural highlands of Lesotho has taken different
forms over the past century ; an regulated diamond digging by local and
“migrant” diggers in the early 1950s;regulated diamond mining by a
state sponsored diamond cooperative from 1978 onwards ;and a
commercial diamond mining company from 1996 onwards , This paper
examines that the rise and fall of the Liqhobong Diamond Mine
Cooperative in Lesotho ‘s rural area in the Butha-Buthe district
according to the human economy approach.
POLIHALI AT MOKHOTLONG
The dissertation explores the reasons behind the impasse over the
implementation of the LWHP II between communities affected by
the construction of the Pulihali Dam in Mokhotlong District in
Lesotho and the Lesotho Highlands Development Authority .This
conflict which has threatened the implementation of the project has
been looked at in terms of disagreements over the compensation
package for the displacement and losses.
SEHLABA-THEBE NATIONAL PARK IN
LESOTHO
THE PURPOSE OF THIS ARTICLE WAS TO EXAMINE THE
PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES OF COMMUNITY BASED
ON TOURISM AS A LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION
STRATEGY FOR PEOPLE LIVING ADJACENT TO THE
SEHLABATHEBE NATIONAL PARK IN LESOTHO. THE
MAIN PURPOSE WAS TO EXPLORE HOW RURAL
COMMUNITIES LIVING CLOSE TO THE WORLD
HERITAGE SITE SHIFT AND DIVERSITY THEIR
LIVELIHOODS AND FROM FARM TO NON-FARM
ACTIVITIES IN ORDER TO SUSTAIN THEIR LIVELIHOODS .
THIS STUDY ADOPTED MIXED METHOD APPROACH
.DATA WAS COLLECTED THROUGH SURVEY {286}AND IN-
DEPTH KEY INFORMANT INTERVIEW {11}.THE RESULT
SHOWS THAT THE LOCAL COMMUNITIES SUPPORTS THE
USE OF TOURISM AS A LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION
STRATEGY TO PROVIDE OFF-FARM ENTREPRENEURIAL
OPPORTUNITIES.
LETS’ENG-LA- TERAI
The Lets’eng-la- Terae kimberlites are situated 3100m above the sea
level in the Maloti Mountains of Lesotho, South Africa. The principal
economic bodies are to late cretaceous ,low grade ,1-3 carats/hundred
ton(cpht) ,kimberlite pipes that host high-value diamonds realizing
US$ 2000-2500/carat/($/ct) in 2008 terms. Locally , the large kimberlite
bodies is referred to as Main Pipe (17.2 ha)and the smaller one is called
Satellite Pipe (5.2 ha). These pipes, and their associated eluvial and
proximal alluvial deposits, are renowned for yielding large ,”D” colour
,gem quality diamonds, including +100 carat(ct) stones.
CONCLUSION
As I conclude my discussion on the biggest developments in Lesotho , it is
evident that the country has undergone significant changes in various sectors
including Infrastructure and education .These developments have had a positive
inpact on the lives of its citizens and have positioned Lesotho for continued
growth and prosperity .
REFERENCES
 FG BELL,DR Haskins ; Engineering Geography 46 (2),175-198,1997
 Paul Devitt, Robert K Hitchcock ;African Study monographs 31 (2),57-106, 2010
 Thabang Sekamane , WAJ Nel , Tracey J McKay, Henry Bikwibili Tantoh ;Land
use policy 125,106495,2023
 Esther Makhetha ;Anthropology Southern Africa 40(3),185-196 ,2017
 Ngonidzashe Makwindi ,Joram Ndlovu; African Journal of Hospitality ,Tourism
and Leisure 10 (1), 333-348, 2021.
 Debbie C Bowen , Ray D Ferraris, Claire E Palmer, John D Ward ;Littos 112,767-
774,2009.
 Elizabeth Lehema;PQDT-Global,2020

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Biggest developments in Lesotho country

  • 2. INTRODUCTION Lesotho has undergone a number of significant developments in recent years .For example mines , dams and infrastructure
  • 3. A GEOTECHNICAL OVERVEIW OF KATSE DAM AND TRANSFER TUNNELS THE KATSE DAM AND TRANSFER TUNNEL ARE PART OF THE LESOTHO HIGHLAND WATER PROJECT AND ARE CONSTRUCTED IN THE BASALTS OF THE DRAKENSBERG FORMATION . THE PROJECT SUPPLY WATER TO THE MAIN INDUSTRIAL AREAS OF SOUTH AFRICA AROUND PRETORIA , JOHANNESBURG AND VEREENIGING . THE PROJECT COMMENCED IN 1987. A SERIES OF TESTE WERE CARRIED OUT TO ASSESS THE DURABILITY OF THESE BASALT . THE OLIVINE BASALTS AND THESE TYPES WHICH CONTAINED DISSEMINATED CLAY SPOTS WERE THE LEAST DURABLE . THEY WERE UNSUITABLE FOR USE AS CONCRETE AGGREGATE.
  • 4. THE CASE OF LESOTHO’S MOHALE DAM THE LESOTHO HIGHLANDS WATER PROJECT ,A JOINT DEVELOPMENT EFFORT OF THE GOVERNMENT OF LESOTHO AND SOUTH AFRICA, INVOLVED THE CONSTRUCTION OF SEVERAL LARGE DAMS AND OTHER INFRASTRUCTURE . THE PURPOSE OF THE DAM IS AND WATER TRANSFER PROJECTS WAS TO PROVIDE WATER TO THE GAUTENG REGION OF SOUTH AFRICA AND ELECTRICITY TO LESOTHO . PHASE 1BOF THE PROJECT ,THE MOHALE DAM ,RESULTED IN DISPLACEMENT OF OVER 320 HOUSEHOLDS AND THE INUNDATION OF VILLAGES , FIELDS AND GRAZING LANDS .IN LINE WITH THE 1986 TREATY BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENTS OF LESOTHO AND SOUTH AFRICA, THE PROJECT AUTHORITIES PROVIDED COMPENSATION FOR LOSSES SUFFERED AND PUT IN PLACE DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS IN AN EFFORT TO PROMOTE ECONOMIC SELF-SUFFICIENCY.
  • 6. METOLONG DAM AND RESERVOIR IN LESOTHO INTERVIEW .RESULT SHOW THE LOCAL VILLAGERS FELT THE OVERALL SOCIAL , ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS WERE MIXED . ENVIRONMENTALLY , THE AREA SUFFERED FROM NOISE AND AIR POLLUTION , SOIL EROSION AND HABITAT LOSS DURING IN LESOTHO , LARGE DAMS SUPPLY SOUTH AFRICA WITH WATER , EARNING LESOTHO ROYALTIES ,AS WELL AS SUPPLYING THIS SMALL NATION WITH WATER AND ELECTRICITY . THIS STUDY INVESTIGATED THE PERCEPTIONS OF RESIDENTS REGARDING THE IMPACTS ONE OF THIS DAMS , NAMELY THE METOLONG DAM AND RESERVOIR . THE METHODOLOGY WAS QUALITATIVE IN NATURE ,USING DOCUMENT ANALYSIS ,FIELD NOTES AND SEMI- STRUCTURED CONSTRUCTION .
  • 7. THE LIQHOBONG MINE COOPERATIVE IN LESOTHO Diamond mining in the rural highlands of Lesotho has taken different forms over the past century ; an regulated diamond digging by local and “migrant” diggers in the early 1950s;regulated diamond mining by a state sponsored diamond cooperative from 1978 onwards ;and a commercial diamond mining company from 1996 onwards , This paper examines that the rise and fall of the Liqhobong Diamond Mine Cooperative in Lesotho ‘s rural area in the Butha-Buthe district according to the human economy approach.
  • 8. POLIHALI AT MOKHOTLONG The dissertation explores the reasons behind the impasse over the implementation of the LWHP II between communities affected by the construction of the Pulihali Dam in Mokhotlong District in Lesotho and the Lesotho Highlands Development Authority .This conflict which has threatened the implementation of the project has been looked at in terms of disagreements over the compensation package for the displacement and losses.
  • 9. SEHLABA-THEBE NATIONAL PARK IN LESOTHO THE PURPOSE OF THIS ARTICLE WAS TO EXAMINE THE PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES OF COMMUNITY BASED ON TOURISM AS A LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGY FOR PEOPLE LIVING ADJACENT TO THE SEHLABATHEBE NATIONAL PARK IN LESOTHO. THE MAIN PURPOSE WAS TO EXPLORE HOW RURAL COMMUNITIES LIVING CLOSE TO THE WORLD HERITAGE SITE SHIFT AND DIVERSITY THEIR LIVELIHOODS AND FROM FARM TO NON-FARM ACTIVITIES IN ORDER TO SUSTAIN THEIR LIVELIHOODS . THIS STUDY ADOPTED MIXED METHOD APPROACH .DATA WAS COLLECTED THROUGH SURVEY {286}AND IN- DEPTH KEY INFORMANT INTERVIEW {11}.THE RESULT SHOWS THAT THE LOCAL COMMUNITIES SUPPORTS THE USE OF TOURISM AS A LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION STRATEGY TO PROVIDE OFF-FARM ENTREPRENEURIAL OPPORTUNITIES.
  • 10. LETS’ENG-LA- TERAI The Lets’eng-la- Terae kimberlites are situated 3100m above the sea level in the Maloti Mountains of Lesotho, South Africa. The principal economic bodies are to late cretaceous ,low grade ,1-3 carats/hundred ton(cpht) ,kimberlite pipes that host high-value diamonds realizing US$ 2000-2500/carat/($/ct) in 2008 terms. Locally , the large kimberlite bodies is referred to as Main Pipe (17.2 ha)and the smaller one is called Satellite Pipe (5.2 ha). These pipes, and their associated eluvial and proximal alluvial deposits, are renowned for yielding large ,”D” colour ,gem quality diamonds, including +100 carat(ct) stones.
  • 11. CONCLUSION As I conclude my discussion on the biggest developments in Lesotho , it is evident that the country has undergone significant changes in various sectors including Infrastructure and education .These developments have had a positive inpact on the lives of its citizens and have positioned Lesotho for continued growth and prosperity .
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