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Artifacts. Learn At Home

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The Delaware County (Ohio) Historical Society is sharing this lesson on artifacts for school and home use during the COVID Stay At Home situation. Feel free to use this with children to look at objects from Ohio's past.
Lesson plans accompany this slide program at the Delaware County Historical Society webpage/Learn At Home.

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Artifacts. Learn At Home

  1. 1. Artifacts … Learning at Home
  2. 2. Teachers, Please use the accompanying Standards-Based Lesson Plan ideas and extension activities for the following Artifact pictures. Grades 1, 2, 3
  3. 3. Can you guess what the following items are Or how they were used?
  4. 4. D.A.T.E. Thinking Routine Making your Thinking Visible 1 Describe Artifact Do you know what this is? Do you know what this is called? 2 Analyze Its Purpose How do you think this was used? What might I do with this? Have you ever used anything like this? 3 Tell Its Source Who do you think this came from? Do you know where I could find this? Who do you think would make this? 4 Explain Its Materials & Components Do you know what this is made of? What materials were used? How is this different from what we may use today?
  5. 5. Women would collect hair from their brushes and place it in containers called hair receivers. When enough hair had been collected, it could be made into a hairpiece to plump up her current hairstyle or it could be woven into jewelry. Long hair in the Victorian age was a sign of femininity and virtue. A woman could go her entire life without getting her hair cut. Jewelry and tokens made from hair, therefore, had a special significance.
  6. 6. Mourning Wreath made from women’s hair The art of fashioning human hair into jewelry and floral wreaths was widely practiced in the mid-19th Century in the United States. Hair work was an expression of memory and beauty. Locks of hair and wreaths memorialized lost loved ones like the one pictured above while pieces of hair jewelry were shared as tokens of love and remembrance.
  7. 7. Candle mold Colonial households typically didn't use candle molds. Molds could only make six or more candles at a time and so it was impractical to use molds for the annual candle making. The vast majority of candles in colonial times were made from tallow (lard) or beeswax. They used a method of candle dipping.
  8. 8. Hair curler Or Curling tongs Vintage curling irons were heated on the fire or the stove for the most part. They were part wood and part metal. The metal portion was heated and then the user held the wooden handles, which would have remained cooler than the rest of the tool, and curled their hair with the hot part.
  9. 9. Butter Mold Or Butter press Butter presses make butter more visually appealing for table use. When people produce butter, they usually place it in a crock, tub, mold or box. Old, primitive butter mold presses were made from wood and carved with a handle on the top and a flat bottom with a design carved on the underside. People pressed the design onto the top of the butter.
  10. 10. Bull blinder With a blinder on, the bull can only see when his head is upright. It was protection for the farmer. The blinder was used to control and/or prevent animals (particularly vicious bulls) from charging persons or other animals.
  11. 11. Tongs For Block ice
  12. 12. Reach/grabber haberdashery tool Often used in grocery stores to reach objects on very high shelves when grocery stores were long and skinny. Not like today’s supermarket shelving.
  13. 13. Iron Comes in different weights and sometimes there were several irons in the fire warming. Thus the saying: “Too many irons in the fire!”
  14. 14. Humidor Sterling silver and hand blown glass cigar humidor jar
  15. 15. 19th century copper bed warming pan with pierced and engraved decoration. Filled with hot coals. circa 1860. Used to warm up bed sheets before getting into bed. Bed warming pan
  16. 16. Antique wooden hat form or mold. This is made of wood.
  17. 17. Student school slate for: readin’ writin’ ‘rithmetic
  18. 18. Rug Beater
  19. 19. Wash Board Used before Washing machines and clothes were scrubbed by hand.
  20. 20. Corn grinder
  21. 21. A darning egg is an egg- shaped tool, made of stone, porcelain, wood, or similar hard material, which is inserted into the toe or heel of the sock to hold it in the proper shape and provide a foundation for repairs. Darning Egg
  22. 22. Donut mold The cast iron donut baking mold will make three 2 3/4" diameter cake style donuts at a time over an open fire or for use in an oven.
  23. 23. Mouse trap For those pesky mice, Antique rustic primitive Victorian wire basket LIVE MOUSE TRAP Country Farm Tool
  24. 24. Remember Gus Gus from Walt Disney’s “Cinderella?”
  25. 25. Stereoscope A stereoscope is a device for viewing a stereoscopic pair of separate images, depicting left-eye and right-eye views of the same scene, as a single three- dimensional image.
  26. 26. And that’s the way it was. How are things different today? What items replaced the ones you just viewed?
  27. 27. Compare this to what artifact you saw?
  28. 28. What earlier artifact compares to this Item?
  29. 29. How about these household items?
  30. 30. What did colonial people use?
  31. 31. How does this refrigerator Compare to a photo you saw earlier?
  32. 32. Compare this photo to an earlier artifact?
  33. 33. What do you do with old and torn socks?
  34. 34. Compare to what? Reading In the Dark!!
  35. 35. Thank you for visiting the Delaware County Historical Society Curriculum Resources.

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