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Jingfeng Xia OA in China


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"An Open Digital Global South," UC Davis

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Jingfeng Xia OA in China

  2. 2. China joined the open access movement very early  The Berlin Declaration on Open Access was initiated in October 2003. The earliest signatories were only nineteen.  Two months later in December, the Chinese Academy of Sciences signed the declaration, making it the twenty-eighth signatory.  The next May, both the National Natural Science Foundation of China and University of Science and Technology Beijing became its signatories.
  3. 3. Some early open access initiatives in China  International Conference on Policies and Strategies for Open Access to Scientific Information, June 2005, Beijing.  Workshop on Open Access to Digital Scientific Resources, June 2004, Beijing.  The Chinese Academy of Sciences is a collaborator of the International Confederation of Open Access Repositories (COAR), launched in Ghent in 2009.
  4. 4. Some selected open access events in China  In October, 2010, China organized Berlin 8 Open Access Conference, the first time outside Europe.  The Chinese Academy of Sciences and the National Science Foundation of China implemented their open access policies in 2014.
  5. 5. Major achievements  Open access policies  National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)  Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)  Repositories  CAS Institutional Repository Grid – 112 communities, 290,266 full tests  China Academic Institutional Repository by CALIS – including 45 higher educational institutions  Open Repository of NSFC – 428,670 documents  Central government operated repositories, e.g., Science Paper Online – 94,707 documents
  6. 6. Major achievements Cont’d  Open access journals  A total of 685 open access journals, 8.4% of all scholarly journals in China, some of which are not completely open access  Open data projects  National Sharing Platform for Scientific Data  E-government portals  National Data Portal by the National Bureau of Statistics  National Data mobile apps
  7. 7. Some issues in the development of open access in China  The growth of open access has not been as fast as in other major countries.  Open access has been for a long time the business of a few major academic entities.  Although some repositories have collected a huge number of articles, overwhelming majority of the articles are not in full text, e.g., PDF files.  The amount of open access documents has been low in proportion to the value of China’s GDP, number of total researchers, and quantity of publications.  Open access as a concept has not been really accepted by regular researchers.
  8. 8. Traditions as Obstacles  The rote learning culture created an inherent preference for science, where memorization based on repetition allowed learners to quickly acquire knowledge from others.  In traditional China, memorizing and copying famous part of classical documents showed one’s respect to the original authors, and one’s talent if s/he could seamlessly integrate the part into own work.  In present China, social stratification in the scholarly community restrict young scholars from exceed intellectual limit of the seniors.  Lack of adequately scientific training.
  9. 9. Consequences as threats to open access in China  Plagiarism: unaware versus intentional  Tolerance toward piracy  Duplications  Unwillingness of authors to make their research outcomes freely available
  10. 10. Some solutions - Already taken, but need further efforts  Policies to encourage open access publications.  Policies to penalize plagiarism and unethical behaviors and regulate research and publishing.  Financial support from various levels of government.
  11. 11. Thank you May 25, 2017