Environmental value systems: Lake Victoria vs Gulf of California
Gulf of California and Lake Victoria
Environmental Value SystemsThis is a particular world view or set of paradigms that shapes the way anindividual or group of people perceive and evaluate environmental issues.This will be influenced by cultural (including religious), economic and socio-political contextAn environmental value system is a system in the sense that it has inputs(for example, education, cultural influences, religious doctrine, media)and outputs (for example, decisions, perspectives, courses of action)determined by processing these inputs.
Lake VictoriaLake Victoria, the largest of all African Lakes, is also the second widestfreshwater body in the world. Its extensive surface belongs to the threecountries; the northern half to Uganda, the southern half to Tanzania, andpart of the northeastern sector to Kenya. It is generally considered to be thesource of the Nile River, the worlds longest river.
Characteristics of Gulf of California1,130 km long and 80 to 209km wide. Greatest depth is 2,950 mOnce a rich commerical andsport fishing grounf, the gulfnow suffers from overfishing.Tourits centers developing inthe region. This activityhighlight the value of thesystem.
Economic Importance of the Gulf of California 50% of Mexicos fishing production comes from the gulf. 95% of the shrimp production comes from the area. 2 billion dollars are made from tourism. 250 fish processsing plants have been created around the area.
Environmental and Cultural Importance of the Gulf of California
Actions in the Gulf of California WWF: Already aid into making the Island of San Pedro Martir into a National Biosphere and seeks making the Island of Espiritu Santo a protected zone also. Greenpeace: Wants to create along with the Mexican government a series of conservation sites and out-of- limit zones in the Gulf of California and various of its smaller islands. Vaquita Marina: Along with the WWF, proposed a strategy of substainable development for the Vaquita to the government. Fondo Mexicano para la Conservación de la Naturaleza A. C. The Gulf of California Conservation Fund (GCCF) is a financial tool for channeling resources to conservation projects that address the most pressing conservation priorities in the region.
Comparison between Environmental Value Systems Lake Victoria Gulf of CaliforniaPolitical Relevance None.Social Relevance Lake Victoria ferries have become popular from the 1900s Thousands of people, and entire for smooth transportation to Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya. communities that live around the coast Fishing in Lake victoria also represents around 26% of the of the area depend on it in order to total fishing in the area. subside. Economical Relevance The Basin’s population of 35 million (2007) combined with 50% of Mexicos fishing production comes the natural resource base contributes immensely to the from the gulf. 95% of the shrimp National GDPs. production comes from the area. 2 billion dollars are made from tourism . 250 fish processsing plants have been created around the area.
Lake Victoria Gulf of CaliforniaEnvironmental Relevance Lake victoria is considered to be very rich in biodiversity. Considered to be the "Worlds Aquarium" It is also considered to be a climate modulator by the by marinebiologist Jacques Cousteau. One UNEP. of the sites with the most abundance of marine divesrsity in the world. Site of migration of whales. The vaquita (Phocoena sinus) is the smallest of all cetaceans and the only porpoise endemic to Mexico. 40% of the countrys agricultural production comes from the states around the gulf.Cultural Relevance Due to recent events, culture around the lake is in a way It is considered by the UNESCO as a World "crumbling". People were used to a life where Heritage Site on the Natural category. they bought native fish, they fished for their food, to either sell or consume. Their lifestyle is slowly changing.Conservation efforts The first plan to conserve the biodiversity of Greenpeace and the WWF along threatened species of Lake Victoria cichlids with other NGOs wish to create a was to breed them in North American aquaria web of official conservation areas and zoos with the hope of reintroducing them. around the gulf. (Ecocentric) No governmental measures taken at the moment.
Personal viewpointsWe firmly believe that all the conservation efforts that aretaking place are something that should be continued. BothLake victoria and the Gulf of California are ecosystems with ahigh value (in all aspects mentioned), both are ecosystemsthat need to be preserved, if not, this will have mostlyeconomical, environmental, and cultural repercussions.
Bibliography "The Gulf of California." Aquarium of the Pacific. Aquarium of Fondo Mexicano Para La Conservación De La Naturaleza. "Fondo the Pacific, 2011. Web. 13 Mar 2011. <http://www. Mexicano Para La Conservación De La Naturaleza - Fondo Para El aquariumofpacific.org/conservation/the_gulf_of_california/>. Golfo De California." Fondo Mexicano Para La Conservación De La Vaquita Marina." Vaquita Marina, 2011. Web. 13 Mar Naturaleza - Inicio. 2011. Web. 13 Mar. 2011. <http://www.fmcn. 2011. <http://www.vaquitamarina.org/portal/>. org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=58&Itemid=93>. "Protecting the world’s aquarium." Gulf of California. World Wildlife Fund, 2010. Web. 13 Mar 2011. <http://www. IB Syllabus http://teachers.saschina. worldwildlife.org/what/wherewework/gulfofca/>. org/csmith/files/2010/08/TOPIC-7-SUMMARY-OUTLINE.pdf "Importancia económica del Golfo de California." Greenpeace. Greenpeace, 28 Nov 2006. Web. 13 Mar 2011. <http://www. greenpeace.org/mexico/es/Footer/Descargas/reports/Oceanos- y-costas/importancia-econ-mica-del-golf/>"