Background on solar and windpower plants-eng.maged_mahmoud_rcreee

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Capacity Building Program “Pricing Renewables: Feed-in Tariff (FiT) Design and Structure for Wind Farms and Solar Plants” - October 23-27, 2011

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Background on solar and windpower plants-eng.maged_mahmoud_rcreee

  1. 1. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 About RCREEE….. • RCREEE stands for « Regional Centre for Renewable Energies and Energy Efficiency » • RCREEE is an independent regional policy think tank, dedicated to the promotion of RE&EE in the MENA region, • RCREEE has 13 Arab member states from the MENA region. • The set up is sponsored by Egypt (also the host country), Prepared by: Germany, Denmark and the EU. Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud Technical Expert, Regional Centre for Renewable Energies and Energy Efficiency (RCREEE) maged.mahmoud@rcreee.org or maged_mahmoud@hotmail.com www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 1
  2. 2. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 About RCREEE… RCREEE 13 Member States: Mission Statement : What we want to achieve RCREEE has the ambition to .....become the leading regional policy think-tank in renewable energies and energy efficiency, .....which is recognized as a leading centre of excellence on the international level. RCREEE, its member states, staff and sponsors are jointly working towards achieving that goal. www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 2
  3. 3. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Renewable energy Renewable Energy Solar Energy “Speed is irrelevant if we are going in the wrong Wind Energy direction.” Biomass Hydropower Mahatma Gandhi Tidal Wave Ocean thermal energy Conversion Geothermal Energy Source: Boyle, G. 2004 Hydrogen www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 3
  4. 4. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 RE Opportunities • The Arab region is endowed with: • Abundant solar radiation with long duration of sunshine. • Good to excellent wind speed. Wind Energy • Significant hydro power. • Reasonable quantities of biomass energy. Economic potentials of renewable energies for electricity generation in some RCREEE member states (TWh /a ) Wind Power Plants= Wind Farms= Wind Parks Source: DLR (2005) www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 4
  5. 5. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Wind Energy Wind Energy Horizontal axis wind turbines Vetical axis wind turbines www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 5
  6. 6. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Power in the Wind Energy Production Terms Power Coefficient (factor) = 1/2 x air density x swept rotor area x (wind speed)3 • Power in the Wind = 1/2AV3 P Cp   A V3 1 ρ A  V 3 2 1 • Betz Limit - 59% Max C  16  0.593 Pmax 27 • Power Coefficient - Cp • Rated Power – Maximum power Density = P/(RxT) generator can produce. P - pressure (Pa) Area =  r2 Instantaneous Speed R - specific gas constant (287 J/kgK) (not mean speed) T - air temperature (K) • Cut-in wind speed where energy kg/m3 m2 m/s production begins • Cut-out wind speed where energy Knowledge of local wind speed is critical production ends. to evaluating the available power Typical Power Curve www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 6
  7. 7. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Power control “Pitch” versus “stall” and speed control On average, good wind turbines extract about half of the theoretical maximum or 30% of the power in the airstream that passes through the www.windpower.org b rotor. PW Pel vw Gear- AG Net. w box Total power input P/A= 0.5xxV3 fn Usable power • Power is a function of torque and speed: P = T · w P/A= 0.5xxV3x 16/27 • Turbine speed is determined by grid frequency, gear ratio and slip of induction generator. Turbine power • ”STALL”: Passive torque regulation, determined by the turbine’s P/A= 0.5xxV3x 16/27x aerodynamic properties. • ”PITCH”: Active torque control through pitching of rotor blades (applied for both optimization and power output limitation) www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 7
  8. 8. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Wind Shear The change in horizontal wind Power versus windspeed curves speed with height h= 80 m U (h) = 7.7 m/s 120 m Pitch regulated h 100 U ( h )  U ( hr )   U(hr) = 7.0 m/s  hr  hr= 50 m Wind 80 Shear   h   Profile Stall regulated  ln z   Power (%)   0 60 U ( h)  U ( hr )   h     ln  r     z0  r      40 hr : “reference height” 20 m: A function of wind speed, surface roughness (may vary with wind direction), and atmospheric stability 0 (changes from day to night) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Z0 is the “roughness length” i.e. the height above ground Wind speed (m/s) level where the wind speed is theoretically zero. 15 www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 8
  9. 9. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Development of HAWT • Rules-of-the-thumb  If the average wind speed increases by factor two  HEIGHT [M] the energy in the wind will increase by a factor eight.  In case the rotor diameter increases with a factor two  the energy produced will increase with a factor four.  Increasing the hub-height with one meter  will increase mostly the energy production with one per cent.  For a site similar to Zafarana, each kilometer  five to eight megawatts installed capacity using medium size turbines. www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud SPEED www.rcreee.org n 20 17 13 The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform 5 – 15 3 – 10 rpm Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 9
  10. 10. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Detailed technical assessment Wind Resource at Site For proper analysis we need  Analyze site wind data to determine  Extreme wind speed VE and Orography  Mean wind speed VM. According to IEC standards, the turbine designs are classified based on design loads to 5 classes: Roughness Class I II III IV S WAsP WAsP Extrapolate Extrapolate VE [m/s] 50 42 37.7 30 site specific above at ground VM [m/s] 10 8.5 7.5 6 and Clean up and local effect Obstacles re-introduce local effect  Select wind turbine class suitable for site: (I for Zafarana). Local Wind Climate www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 10
  11. 11. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Detailed technical assessment Detailed technical assessment For proper analysis we need Project site layout Determination of project Determination of borders The following should be considered: location and area using Photographing the site. and surroundings. available maps  Number of turbines.  The prevailing wind direction.  The change of wind energy in through the site.  The obstacles and prohibited areas. Select a WT type (size and Show mean wind speed Long-term meteorological  The park effect (distance between turbines in the prevailing wind direction and height, control type, etc.) values on the contour measurements of wind based on market survey, perpendicular). map for better potential at the candidate economical, technical and micrositing. site other constrains.  Cost optimization for civil and electrical works. 60-MW wind farm at Zafarana, Egypt Mean wind speed 45 m a.g.l. 721000 720500 10.6 10.4 720000  Environmental concerns (noise & birds migration, etc). 10.2 Northing [m] 10.0 719500 9.8 719000 9.6 9.4 718500 9.2 718000 769500 770000 770500 771000 771500 772000 772500 773000 773500 774000 Thus, several scenarios are proposed (WTs, layouts, etc.) Easting [m] Estimate available energy on site through analysis of wind data. www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 11
  12. 12. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Typical Wind Energy Project Components and Layout Ref.:WIND TURBINE TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW, 2005, available at www.powernaturally.org www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 12
  13. 13. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 • Capacity Factor CF • Wind turbine power • “Load Factor!!” 70 0  The ratio of actual productivity in a year to this 60 0 theoretical maximum is called the capacity factor; CF. 50 0 G Generated electricity 40 0 Power curve for 26 kW Capacity factor = ‫ـــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬ V47 at Zafarana 25 30 0 Installed capacity x No. of hours of the year (8760h) 24 20 0 10 0  Typical capacity factors are 20- 40%, 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 m /s www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 13
  14. 14. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Graph Source: GSR 2011, REN21 A dream coming true www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 14
  15. 15. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Wind Energy in MENA Potential of wind energy • Many locations have very good wind regimes superb for electricity production. These include countries such as Egypt, Morocco, and Oman which have high average annual Full load hours per year Capacity Country Factor wind speed (9-11 m/s in some locations) together with relatively high capacity factors. (h/y) (%) Algeria 1,789 20 • Other several locations have moderate wind speed (6-8 m/s) that is also sufficient for Bahrain 1,360 16 generating electricity. Egypt 3,015 34 Iraq 1,789 20 Jordan 1,483 17 Kuwait 1,605 18 Lebanon 1,176 13 Libya 1,912 22 Morocco 2,708 31 Oman 2,463 28 Qatar 1,421 16 Saudi Arabia 1,789 20 Syria 1,789 20 Tunisia 1,789 20 UAE 1,176 13 Yemen 1,483 17 Source: Al-Karaghouli A."Current Status of Renewable Energies in the Middle East – North African Region", UNEP/ROWA, June 2007. Capacity factor refers to the percentage of average annual full load hours to total annual number of hours (8760 h/y). www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 15
  16. 16. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 If we fail to plan, Solar Energy we plan to fail Solar Power Plants www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 16
  17. 17. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Solar Energy Overview The Milky Way Galaxy Id put my money on the sun and solar energy. What a source of power! I hope we dont have it is still not known to wait until oil and coal run out before we if our galaxy is a normal spiral like tackle that. our neighbor Thomas Alva Edison (1931) Andromeda (left), or a barred spiral ...‫سأضع مالى فى الطاقة الشمسية... يالها مه مصدر للطاقة‬ like shown to the right!!!!! ‫آمل أال وحتاج إلى اإلوتظار حتى وهاية البترول والفحم قبل أن‬ ‫وتجه إليها‬ )1931( ‫تىماس أديسىن‬ The Sombrero Galaxy, M104, Thomas Alva Edison (1847-02-11 – 1931-10-18) was an American inventor and businessman who developed many devices which greatly influenced life worldwide into the 21st century. NASA Hubble ‫توماس ألفا إديسون (7481 – 1391م) مخترع أمريكي ولد في مدينة ميالن بوالية أوهايو األمريكية، ولم يتعلم في مدارس الدولة إال ثالثة‬ Space Telescope ‫أشهر فقط، فقد وجده ناظر المدرسة طفال بليدا متخلفا عقليا ! وظهرت عبقريته في اإلختراع وإقامة مشغله الخاص حيث أظهر سيرته‬ The milky way is a spiral ‫المدهشة كمخترع، ومن إختراعاته مسجالت اإلقتراع والتلغراف الطابع والتليفون والمكرفون والفونوغراف أو الجرامافون وأعظم‬ image, released ‫اختراعاته المصباح الكهربي، والكثير وأنتج في السنوات األخيرة من حياته الصور المتحركة الناطقة، وعمل خالل الحرب العالمية األولى‬ galaxy consisting of over 400 10/2/2003 ‫لصالح الحكومة األمريكية، وقد سجل إديسون باسمه أكثر من ألف اختراع وهو عدد ال يصدقه العقل، وتزوج إديسون مرتين، وكان له ثالثة‬ billion stars , plus gas and .‫أوالد من كل زوجة، أما هو فقد مات في نيوجرسي سنة 1391م‬ dust www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 17
  18. 18. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 The Solar System www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 18
  19. 19. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Solar Energy Overview Global solar radiation Global Radiation Diffused Radiation Global solar radiation = Direct (beam) solar radiation Pyranometer Ring-shadowed + Diffuse (sky) solar radiation Pyranometer Direct Normal Radiation Reference PV Cell Pyrheliometer www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 19
  20. 20. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Applications depending on direct radiation The Solar Resource Central Tower Parabolic Central Receiver Systems Troughs Linear receiver systems Irradiance: radiant flux density incident on a surface in W/m2 Irradiation: energy incident on a surface over a specifies period in J/m2/day or Wh/m2/day or langleys (kWh/m2 = 86 langley) Parabolic Dish Linear & Stirling Engine Fresnel Reflectors World solar radiation map [DLR,2002] www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 20
  21. 21. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 First Solar Thermal Plant, Egypt-1913 Parabolic trough concentrator ...‫” إوىن على يقني مه شئ واحد‬ (1-axis tracking) ” ‫إن البشرية البد أن تتحول الستخدام الطاقة الشمسية أو أن ترتد إىل الرببرية‬ .)1914 - ‫(فراوك شومان‬ “One thing I feel sure of, and that is that the human race must finally utilize direct solar power or return to barbarism.” (Frank Shuman ,1914) North-south horizontal orientation, east-west tracking www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 21
  22. 22. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Integrated solar combined cycle Stack Exhaust Typical plant configuration 100°C 395°C Steam 540°C, 100bar Solar HX HRSG Steam Storage turbine G~ 55 MW 295°C Condenser 220’000 m² Exhaust Parabolic 600°C Trough Field G Electricity ~ to the grid Gas turbine 60 MW www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 22
  23. 23. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Kuraymat Solar Thermal Power Plant 140 MW Solar thermal power plant Summary of Technical Parameters Capacity of solar portion (MWe) 20 Nameplate capacity of gas turbine (MWe) 79 Nameplate capacity of steam turbine (MWe) 76.5 Net electric energy (GWhe/a) 852 Solar electric energy (GWhe/a) 33 Solar share(%) 4% Fuel saving due to the solar portion (T.O.E / a) 10000 CO2 reduction (T/a) 20000 www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 23
  24. 24. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 CENTRAL RECEIVER TECHNOLOGY Receiver concept www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 24
  25. 25. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Typical plant configuration Solar two ISTCCS PHOEBUS www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 25
  26. 26. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 DISH/STIRLING POWER PLANTS DISH/STIRLING POWER PLANTS www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 26
  27. 27. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Linear Fresnel Technology Parabolic Trough Tower with heliostats Fresnel linear reflectors Parabolic dishes wit Stirling motors www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 27
  28. 28. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Each technology has its own value proposition First Projects in the MENA Region Source: ESTELA ATKearney 150 MW ISCC at Hassi R’Mel 140 MW ISCC at Kuraymat 470 MW ISCC at Ain Beni Mathar 100 MW in Abu Dhabi www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 28
  29. 29. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Operational plants in USA Project Pipeline in USA Kimberlina 5 MW Bakersfild, California Nevada Solar One 64 MW Boulder City, Nevada Sierra Sun Tower 5 MW Lancaster, California ISCC 75 MW equiv. Martin County Florida SEGS Plants (Total 354 MW) Mojave desert, California www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 29
  30. 30. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Breakdown of the operative, under construction and registered plants in Spain ANDASOL 1 & 2, Andalusia Total: 2423 + 80 MW (In operation by the end of 2013) 94% Parabolic trough 38 % With Storage 62 % Without ~ Storage Relative to power installed 2% Tower 3% Stirling 1% Fresnel www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 30
  31. 31. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 SOLNOVA 1, 3 & 4 / PS 10 & PS 20, Andalusia GEMASOLAR, Andalusia www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 31
  32. 32. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 PUERTO ERRADO 1 & 2, Murcia Casa de los Pinos, Castilla la Mancha www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 32
  33. 33. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Forecast in European countries Archimede, Sicillia by 2020 (NAP’s) France 540 MW Italy 600 MW Spain Portugal 5079 MW Greece 500 MW 250 MW Cyprus 75 MW www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 33
  34. 34. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 FORECAST BY COUNTRIES 2009-2014 STE Cost Roadmap LCOE reduction is the main goal The long and dark Source: ESTELA / ATKearney solar thermal electric Different approaches are being followed: night  System level: - Increasing efficiency (New concepts, new cycles, new fluids, …) - Reducing cost (Storage, hybridization, larger plants, …)  Component level: - Increasing performances - Reducing manufacturing cost (new materials & processes, larger sizes, …) SOURCE: “Global Concentrated Solar Power Markets and Strategies: 2010-2025,” IHS Emerging Energy Research, April 2010 - Scale factor www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 34
  35. 35. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 A very fruitful period in Spain: From the first large plants connected in 2008 Photovoltaics till the new ones Photovoltaics (PV) convert Spanish Foreing 2008 situation 2011 Capabilities directly the solar energy into Technology Development electricity in a solid- state Component manufacturing device made from silicon. Basic Engineering Site Development It is based on the photovoltaic Project development effect. EPC Detailed engineering Construction Operation and Maintenance TOTAL LOCAL CONTENT 50% 80% Source: Luis Crespo, “Overview of STE plants”, Training Course organized RCREEE, Euro-Arab Foundation & LAS, Spain, May 2011 www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 35
  36. 36. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 Tecnologies x-Si value chain MG-Si poly-Si x-Si Wafer Cell Module System www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 36
  37. 37. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 No connected to the grid: GRID-OFF Grid-Tied PV System 1.- Stand alone PV systems 1.1.- Stand alone PV systems with battery and AC Load. Charge Electrical Inverter/ Protections • Electricity PV array Controller (DC/AC) • Lights DC AC • Pumps DC • Motors • Small power… Battery Load www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 37
  38. 38. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 PV PLANTS (100 kW-10 MW) PV PLANT LIMIT with company 3-5 MW LIMIT with comapny 10 MW Transformer CT AC/AC >100 kW CON E.D CT SUBSTATION Source: M.Art www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 38
  39. 39. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 GRID-ON PV SYSTEM ON THE ROOF Pv array, ~50 m2 INVERTER, 5 kW www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 39
  40. 40. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 ROOF INDUSTRIAL PREMISES www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 40
  41. 41. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 PV PLANTS (ARRAY FIXED) www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 41
  42. 42. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 PV PLANTS (TRACKING ONE AXIS) PV PLANTS (TRACKING TWO AXIS) www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 42
  43. 43. Progress and Achievements Jan-Oct 2010 10/23/2011 PV Power Plants 4.6 MW USA 10 MW Germany Graph Source: GSR 2011, REN21 1MW USA 3.3MW Italy www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud www.rcreee.org The Arab Sustainable Energy Platform Eng. Maged K. Mahmoud 43

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