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Historical monuments of india


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learn about the monuments and their history

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Historical monuments of india

  1. 1. The Taj Mahal • The construction of the Taj began in 1632. • It was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. • The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpiece of the world’s heritage. • Ustad Ahmad Lahauri is generally considered as the principal designer. • The construction completed in around 1653 in Agra and the Taj was declared as a world heritage site in 1983.
  2. 2. Qutub Minar • The construction of the Qutub Minar began in 1192 by qutub-ud-din Aibak Shah and was completed by Iltutmish. • It is made of marble and red sandstone. • It has 379 stairs and has a height of 72.5m (237.8 ft). • The base diameter is of 14.3 metres which narrows to 2.7 meters at the last storey. • It is the nearest station on the Delhi Metro. A picture of the Minar is also featured on the Travel Cards issued by Delhi Metro Rail Corporation. • Located in Delhi, It is the tallest Minar in India and a UNESCO world heritage site.
  3. 3. Victoria Memorial • The Victoria Memorial, officially the Victoria Memorial Hall, is a memorial building dedicated to Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom, which is located in Kolkata, India – the capital of West Bengal and the former capital of British India. • It is an autonomous organization within the Government of India’s Ministry of Culture
  4. 4. Hawa Mahal • Hawa Mahal literally meaning the palace of winds is a palace in Jaipur, India. • It was built in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh and designed by Lal Chand Ustad in the form of the crown of Krishna, the Hindu God. • It has 953 small windows called jharokhas that are decorated with intricate latticework. • The original intention of the lattice was to allow royal ladies to observe the everyday life in the street below without being seen since they had to observe strict “purdah”(face cover). • Built of red sandstone, the palace is situated on the main thoroughfare in the heart of Jaipur’s business centre. • It is particularly striking when viewed early in the morning, lit with the golden light of sunrise.
  5. 5. Charminar • Built in 1591 CE, the Charminar is a monument and mosque located in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. • The landmark has become a global icon of Hyderabad, listed amongst the most recognized structures of India. • The Charminar is on the east bank of the Musi river. A temple called Bhagyalakshmi temple stands just next to the structure. The temple located at the base of the Minar is dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi
  6. 6. Red Fort • The construction of the Red fort began in 1638. • It was constructed by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan in the walled city of Old Delhi that served as the residence of the Mughal Emperors. • The fort was the palace for Shah Jahan’s new capital Shahjahanabad, the seventh city in the Delhi site. • He moved his capital here from Agra in a move designed to bring prestige to his reign, and to provide ample opportunity to apply his ambitious building schemes and interests. • It served as the capital for the Mughals until 1857, when Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled by the British Indian government. • The fort lies along the Yamuna River. • The construction completed in 1648 and the fort was designated a UNESCO world heritage site in 2007.