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Monuments of India
Hawa Mahal stands upright as the entrance to the
City Palace, Jaipur. An important landmark in the
city, Hawa Mahal is an epitome of the Rajputana
 architecture. The splendid five-storey “Palace of
   the Winds” is a blend of beauty and splendor
   much close to Rajasthan’s culture. Maharaja
  Sawai Pratap Singh built Hawa Mahal in 1779.
The pyramid shape of this ancient monument is a
    tourist attraction having 953 small windows.
Agra Fort, Agra




Agra Fort represents the first major building project of Akbar, with
remains of only a few buildings built by him which now survive. Built
on the site of an earlier castle in AD 1565-1575, the fort, apart from
other important units, contains Jahangiri Mahal, Khass Mahal, Diwan-
i-Khass, Diwan-i-Am, Machchhi Bhawan and Moti Masjid. Many extant
buildings were erected by Shah Jahan (AD 1630-1655). Of its four
gates, the most impressive is the Delhi Gate on the west.
Taj Mahal, Agra




Taj on the right bank of River Yamuna, about 1.5km from the
Agra fort, was built to enshrine the remains of Arjumand Banu
Begam entitled Mumtaj Mahal, the queen of the Mughal
emperor Shah Jahan. lts construction commenced in AD 1631
and completed seventeen years later at an enormous cost and
labour.
Mahabalipuram




  Mahabalipuram or Mamallapuram, the city of Mamalla, is named
  after the title of great Pallava ruler Narasimhavarman-I (AD 630-
668). While there is some evidence of architectural activity going back to
      the period of Mahendrayarman-I (AD 600-630), the father of
Mamalla, most of the monuments like rock-cut rathas, sculptured scenes
on open rocks like Arjuna's penance, the caves of Govardhanadhari and
         Mahishasuramardini, the Jala-Sayana Perumal temple
Sun Temple, Konark




Konark is the Kainapara of the Periplus (first century AD) -
 an important port of the Orissan coast. The most notable
marvel is the stately Sun Temple, built in c. AD 1250, during
the reign of the Eastern Ganga King Narasimhadeva-I (AD
     1238-1264), to enshrine an image of Sun (Arka).
Group of Monuments at Hampi




 Hampi, on the southern bank of the Tungabhadra, once formed the
     seat of the mighty Vijayanagara empire. The contemporary
          chroniclers who came from far off countries like
 Arabia, Italy, Portugal and Russia visited the empire and have left
  graphic and glowing accounts of the city. Monuments were built
here between AD 1336 and 1570, from the time of Harihara I to that of
                           Sadasiva Raya.

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Monuments of india

  • 1. Monuments of India Hawa Mahal stands upright as the entrance to the City Palace, Jaipur. An important landmark in the city, Hawa Mahal is an epitome of the Rajputana architecture. The splendid five-storey “Palace of the Winds” is a blend of beauty and splendor much close to Rajasthan’s culture. Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh built Hawa Mahal in 1779. The pyramid shape of this ancient monument is a tourist attraction having 953 small windows.
  • 2. Agra Fort, Agra Agra Fort represents the first major building project of Akbar, with remains of only a few buildings built by him which now survive. Built on the site of an earlier castle in AD 1565-1575, the fort, apart from other important units, contains Jahangiri Mahal, Khass Mahal, Diwan- i-Khass, Diwan-i-Am, Machchhi Bhawan and Moti Masjid. Many extant buildings were erected by Shah Jahan (AD 1630-1655). Of its four gates, the most impressive is the Delhi Gate on the west.
  • 3. Taj Mahal, Agra Taj on the right bank of River Yamuna, about 1.5km from the Agra fort, was built to enshrine the remains of Arjumand Banu Begam entitled Mumtaj Mahal, the queen of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. lts construction commenced in AD 1631 and completed seventeen years later at an enormous cost and labour.
  • 4. Mahabalipuram Mahabalipuram or Mamallapuram, the city of Mamalla, is named after the title of great Pallava ruler Narasimhavarman-I (AD 630- 668). While there is some evidence of architectural activity going back to the period of Mahendrayarman-I (AD 600-630), the father of Mamalla, most of the monuments like rock-cut rathas, sculptured scenes on open rocks like Arjuna's penance, the caves of Govardhanadhari and Mahishasuramardini, the Jala-Sayana Perumal temple
  • 5. Sun Temple, Konark Konark is the Kainapara of the Periplus (first century AD) - an important port of the Orissan coast. The most notable marvel is the stately Sun Temple, built in c. AD 1250, during the reign of the Eastern Ganga King Narasimhadeva-I (AD 1238-1264), to enshrine an image of Sun (Arka).
  • 6. Group of Monuments at Hampi Hampi, on the southern bank of the Tungabhadra, once formed the seat of the mighty Vijayanagara empire. The contemporary chroniclers who came from far off countries like Arabia, Italy, Portugal and Russia visited the empire and have left graphic and glowing accounts of the city. Monuments were built here between AD 1336 and 1570, from the time of Harihara I to that of Sadasiva Raya.
  • 7. Churches and Convents of Goa Velha Goa (Goa) is famous for the most spectacular group of churches and cathedrals built during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries AD. These include Se Cathedral, Church and Convent of St. Francis of Assisi, Chapel of St. Catherine, Basilica of Bom Jesus, Church of the Lady of Rosary and Church of St. Augustine. The Church of St. Cajetan is modelled on the original design of St. Peter's Church in Rome. The Church of Bom Jesus with its facade is decorated with Ionic, Doric and Corinthian pilasters.
  • 8. Fatehpur Sikri, Agra In honour of saint Shaikh Salim Chishti, the Mughal emperor Akbar, the great, founded a magnificent city on Sikri ridge. In 1571 he ordered the construction of buildings for his own use and asked the noblemen to built houses for themselves. Within a year, most of the work was finished and within the next few years, a well planned city with administrative, residential and religious buildings came into existence.
  • 9. Khajuraho Group of Monuments Khajuraho, the ancient Kharjjuravahaka, was the principal seat of authority of the Chandella rulers who adorned it with numerous tanks, scores of lofty temples of sculptural grace and architectural splendour. The local tradition lists eighty-five temples but now only twenty-five are standing examples in various stages of preservation. But for Chausath-Yogini, Brahma and Mahadeva which are of granite, all the other temples are of fine grained sandstone, buff, pink or pale yellow in colour. The Lakshmana temple dedicated to Vishnu built by Yasovarman (AD 954), is an ornate and evolved example.
  • 10. Group of Monuments at Pattadakal Pattadakal is not only popular for Chalukyan architecture but it is also a holy place for royal coronation, Pattadakisuvolal. Temples constructed here mark the blending of the Rekha- Nagara-Prasada and the Dravida Vimana styles of temple building. The oldest temple at Pattadakal is Sangamesvara built by Vijayaditya Satyasraya (AD 697-733). It is a simple but massive structure.
  • 11. Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi Imposing Stupa-1 with four gateways and railings made Sanchi a world famous Buddhist site. The original stupa of the Asokan times was enlarged and faced with stones.lt is decorated with balustrades, staircases and an umbrella on top. Besides this, other stupas, monolithic Asokan pillar, many other temples, monasteries and sculptures are found scattered at Sanchi and its adjoining hills from the Mauryan period to the twelfth century AD.
  • 12. Humayun's Tomb; New Delhi The first substantial example of a garden tomb on charbagh pattern with high arches and double dome was erected by Humayun's queen Hamida Banu Begam (Haji Begam) in AD 1569 at a cost of 15 lakh rupees (1.5 million).
  • 13. Mysore Palace The Mysore Palace, Karnataka is popularly known as the the Maharajah’s Palace, situated at the city center at Mirza Road. Mysore Palace is one of the most fascinating monument of Mysore city. The other name of the Mysore Palace is Amba Vilas and is the largest palaces of India. Mysore’s Wodeyar Mahararajas resided in the Mysore Palace of Karnataka.
  • 14. Qutab Minar Qutub-ud-din Aibak laid the foundation for Qutub Minar in 1199 AD and his successor and son-in-law Shamsu’d-Din- Iitutmish completed the structure by adding three more stories. Standing at 72.5 meters, it is the highest stone tower in India. Its base diameter is 14.3 meters and its top diameter is 2.7 meters. It has 379 steps leading to its top story. The lower three stories are made using red sand stone and the top two with marble and sand stone.

Editor's Notes

  1. INDIAN MONUMENTS