TOP 10 DESTINATION IN WORLDBY:- SHIKHA SAHOTA & HARMANDEEP SINGH
WORLD TOURISM• World tourism got off to a surprisingly sound start in the first four months of the year, although uncertainty over the global economic situation is affecting consumer confidence and could hurt tourism demand.• Whatever be the case, the year 2007 remained a good year for tourism, as international tourist arrivals reached 903 million, up 6.6 per cent on 2006, with France holding onto its first position ahead of Spain and the US, the World Tourism Organization data released some time back shows.
CONT’D• Sadly, however, out of the 50 most visited countries, India ranked 42nd, with only 5 million international tourist arrivals last year.
FRANCE (RANK–1)Facts and FiguresOfficial Name (French Republic) Republique FrancaiseCapital ParisPopulation 59.5 millionArea 543,965 sq kmCurrency Euro ($1=1.08)Religion ChristianityLiteracy 99%Languages French and regional dialectMajor Cities Paris, Marseilles, LyonsClimate Cool winters and mild summers
FRANCE• International tourist arrivals in ‘08: 81.9 million• France remains the top tourist destination in the world. And not without any reason.• It has, in fact, everything that you could ever want to see on your holidays: a great city like Paris, good beaches, more monuments and lovely nature, among others. France is also a very pleasant place to stay.• The best thing about it is that, barring Paris, living in France is not that expensive.
ABOUT• France , the largest nation in Western Europe, is known to the world for its rich cultural heritage.• The country has dominated and influenced the cultural world of western Europe specially in the field of art and literature right from the middle ages down to the modern times.• French , the official language of France is the one of the most popular language in the world and recognized for its sweetness.
CONT’D• France is a highly modern country with 75% of the people living in the cities.• The French people are famous for their refined tastes in culture and fashion.• France has been an attractive destination to the European artists throughout the world in the 17 th , 18thand the 19 th centuries.
SPAIN – FAST FACTCapital MadridOfficial language(s) SpanishRecognised regional languages Aranese, Basque,Catalan/ValencianEthnic groups 88.0% Spanish, 12.0% (Romanian, Moroccan,Ecuadorian, British) other (2009)Demonym Spanish, SpaniardGovernment Parliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy King Juan Carlos I Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero (PSOE)
SPAIN (RANK – 2)• International tourist arrivals in ‘08: 59.2 million• It’s a spectacular and diverse country. The uniqueness of Spain lies in the separate kingdoms which made up the original Spanish nation.• These regions remain diverse in their language, culture, cuisine and art.• Still Spanish people are very open-hearted and communicative. Spain is also famous for its wines.
CONT’D• Every year more than 50 million tourists visiting it annually.• A tour of Spain would include a visit to its famous cities Barcelona and Madrid.• Apart from sampling some ethnic Spanish food and wine one can see some of the most beautiful architectural designs on the buildings of Spain.
USA (RANK - 3)Official Name United States of America Capital Washington DC Population 285.9 million Area 9,372,614 sq km Currency Dollar Religion Christianity Literacy 97% Languages English Major Cities Washington, New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston, San Francisco Climate Mainly temperate
CONT’D• International tourist arrivals in ‘08: 56 million• Situated almost entirely in the western hemisphere, the US is one of the world’s most ethnically diverse and multi culture nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many countries.• It is also home to several of the world’s most exciting cities, some truly mind-blowing landscapes, a strong sense of regionalism, a trenchant mythology.
CONT’D• USA is a top destination for tourists.• Holidays in USA are an experience in diversity as the country is diverse in its weather conditions, the composition of the population and the topography.• This diversity has led to people defining USA in their own terms and one can see the states of USA having a distinct identity of their own.
CHINA - 4Official Name (Peoples Republic of China) Zhonghua Renmin GongheGuoCapital BeijingPopulation 1,285 millionArea 9,561,000sq kmCurrency YuanReligion Buddhism, Confucianism and TaoismLiteracy 82%Languages Chinese and other local languagesMajor Cities Beijing, Shanghai, Canton, ShenzhenClimate Tropical in south; Subarctic in north
CHINA (RANK -4)• With 54.7 million tourist arrivals in 2008• China is currently the sixth most popular tourist destination in the world.• China is expected to replace France as the world’s top tourism destination by 2014.• China is situated in eastern Asia on the western shore of the Pacific Ocean, with an area of 9.6 million square kilometers.
CONT’D• Its continental coastline extends for about 18,000 kilometers, and its vast sea surface is studded with more than 5,000 islands, of which Taiwan and Hainan are the largest.• China has one of the world’s oldest people and continuous civilizations, consisting of states and cultures dating back more than six millennia.
ITALY - 5Facts and FiguresOfficial Name : Republica ItalianaCapital : RomePopulation : 57.9 million (2001)Area : 301,278 sq kmCurrency : Euro ($1 = 1.08)Religion : ChristianityLiteracy : 97%Languages : Italian (official)Major Cities : Milan, Naples, Turin, Palermo
CONT’D• Italy is located in the southern part of Europe.• The itilian Peninsula and Sardinia and Sicily,the two largest islands in the Mediterranean sea comes under Italy.• Po river is the longest river in Italy running for 652km. and forms the largest alluvial plain along its coast.• The plain is known as thePadan Plain . Mont blanc with a height of 4810mts., is the highest point in Italy.
CONT’D• Rome is the capital city of Italy . Rome is also known for the Roman Catholic Church .• The capital city of Rome has been the cultural capital of the whole world. The people residing in Italy are known as Italians .• Italy is considered as one of the highly-developed country in the world. During the Renaissance period Italy has been the center for science and art.
UNITED KINGDOM - 6• Capital - London• language(s) - Ulster Scots, Scottish Gaelic• Government - Parliamentary democracy• Area - 243,610 km2• Population - 62,041,708
UK• International tourist arrivals in ‘08: 30.7 million• The United Kingdom constitutes of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.• The country is one of the 15 member states of the European Union and is the leading industrial and exporting country.• The north and the west are made up of high hills and mountains, while the south and east has a lowland zone with milder climate and better soils for farming.
• Britain’s moist climate with persistent rainfall has given rise to many rivers and lakes.
GERMANY - 7• Capital : Berlin• Largest City : Berlin• Area : 357,050 sq km• Official Languages : German• Government : Federal Republic• President : Horst Kohler• Chancellor : Angela Merkel• Population : 82,438,000 (2005 est.)
GERMANY• International tourist arrivals in ‘08: 24.4 million• Germany’s cities have endless pleasant surprises in store for those who enjoy good food and drink.• In addition to top-quality international cooking, each region has its own local specialities, ranging from hearty country fare at simple inns to modern light cuisine at star- rated restaurants.• Germany has not one but many major cities. And each city has its own unique character, formed by its history and the surrounding region. Today, Germany is also an industrial powerhouse.
CONT’D• Berlin, a draw in of itself, contains a myriad of individual sights to see.• Remnants of the infamous Berlin Wall can be found in parts of the city, and the last remaining gate, the Brandenburg Gate, can be found along the western end of Unter den Linden Boulevard.• Those with a fondness for Prussian history will want to visit the Charlottenburg Palace; its the oldest surviving Prussian palace.
CONT’D• The Soviet War Memorial and its statues bearing tribute to the Russian soldiers who died fighting Hitler is another must-see. Beyond the immense amount of history available• Germanys capital city also offers a remarkably diverse zoo which features over 13,000 different species.
UKRAINE - 8• Fast Facts• Capital - Kiev• language(s) - Ukrainian• Area - 603,628 km2• Population - 46,011,300• Currency - Hryvnia
UKRAINE• International tourist arrivals in ‘08: 23.1 million• Ukraine is situated in the south-eastern part of Central Europe and has its own territory, government, national emblem, flag and anthem.• It borders on Russia, Byelorussia,Moldova, Slovakia, Roumania,Hungary and Poland on land and Russia,Georgia, Bulgaria, Roumania and Turkey on sea.• The country is rich in natural resources and its territory is mostly a level, treeless plain.
CONT’D• Kiev, the capital city of the Ukraine, has long been an extremely significant center for Slavic culture and the Orthodox religion.• This makes Kiev an important stop for anyone seeking to make the most out of a tour of Eastern Europe.• While Kiev might not yet be making the most out of its visitor attractions, travelers to Kiev will find the city has plenty of historical sites to see that dont necessarily require guides to appreciate, like St. Sophias Cathedral.
TURKEY - 9• Official Name - Republic of Turkey• Population - 73,197,000• Capital City - Ankara (3.4 million)• Official Currency - Turkish Lira• Land Area - 770,630 sq km
TURKEY - 9• International tourist arrivals in ‘08: 22.2 million• It is the country that unites Europe and Asia, with her glorious past that lasted for centuries.• It is a country where European aspirations sit comfortably alongside Asian traditions and the volatile atmosphere of the Middle East morphs seamlessly into the relaxed outlook of the Mediterranean world.• The land of many cultures, decorated with the most impressive historical ruins and monuments of these glorious ages and epochs, has been the cradle of many outstanding civilisations.
CONT’D• Ankara is about as European as Turkey gets. There are touches of the mystical east if you know where to look but the vast majority of the city is 20th century through and through.• Ankara is a huge university town and youll find the streets of Kizilay and the bars of Sakarya thronged with students for most of the year.• Capital city status and the presence of language schools and the above mentioned universities has brought a sizeable ex pat community to Ankara and all this adds to the western feel of the place.
MEXICO (RANK - 10)• Land Area -1,972,550 sq km• Capital - Mexico City• Population - 111,211,789 (approx.)• Time Zone - (UTC-8 to -6)• Currency - Mexican Peso (MXN)• Mexico National Day - September 16
CONT’D• International tourist arrivals in ‘08: 21.4 million• Mexico is about one-fifth the size of the United States. It is the second largest economy in Latin America.• It is a country in an intermediate advanced stage of development with a positive economic performance.• Mexico is a diverse country and a millennial culture with the Olmecan tribe being the first civilization that appeared around 1500 years BC.• It is rich in traditions, history, art and religion, offering a complete tourist infrastructure.
CONT’D• Mexico, the fifth largest country in the Americas, is the worlds eleventh most populated country.• Mexico also known as The United Mexican States is a federal republic country comprising of thirty one sovereign states.• Major cities are Oaxaca, Morelia, San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Zacatecas, Aguascalientes, and Merida in the Yucatan peninsula.
CONT’D• There are many beautiful beaches of Mexico, like on Oaxaca coast, particularly Zipolite and Puerto Escondido.• Cancun, Cozumel, Playa del Carmen located at Riviera Maya, Mazatlan, Ixtapa and Puerto Vallarta among are the places for fun loving and adventurous Tourists.• The peak seasons to visit Mexico are July and August and from mid December to early January.• Mexico focuses on major tourist attractions, economy of Mexico, major Mexico cities, Mexico travel.