Geographic features• West-Central European countries are all located on the European mainland.• The Northern European Plain makes up the northern part of the region and provides the region’s best farmland. Why do you think West Central Europe has a greater area of usable farmland than Russia?
• Several of the region’s rivers are navigable. – A navigable river is one that is deep and wide enough for ships to use – Two important rivers are the Danube and the Rhine. Why do major cities develop along navigable waterways?
• The navigable rivers in West Central Europe are important for trade and transportation.
• West Central Europe’s climate is beneficial to farming • Mild temperatures, plenty of rain, and rich soil have led to productive farmingHow does this differfrom Russia’s climate?
Resources• Coal, oil, and uranium have helped certain areas of West-Central Europe by allowing successful energy production in the region
France• Capital= Paris• Language= French• Economy – top agricultural producer – major crops= wheat and grapes – Major exporter of goods like perfumes and wines – Tourism is important
Landmarks in France Louvre (Art Museum)- Paris, FranceEiffel Tower- Paris, France
Landmarks in FranceNotre Dame- Paris, France French Rivera
Netherlands• Capital= Amsterdam• Language= Dutch• Economy – Agriculture is important – Cheese and flowers (tulips) are important exports
Dutch LandmarksPolders= drained land that hasbeen pumped from sea water andis protected by dams
Belgium• Capital= Brussels• Language= Flemish (northern) and French (southern)• Economy – Major exports= diamonds, chocolate, lace, and cheese
Belgian landmarks Brussels= headquarters for European Union
Luxembourg• Capital= Luxembourg• Language= French or German• Economy – One of the world’s highest standards of living – Major banking center – Important steel producer
Luxembourg Geography• Forested, hilly country that is smaller than Rhode Island
Germany• Capital= Berlin• Language= German• Economy – Europe’s largest economy – Based on industry like chemicals, engineering, steel, and cars