Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Preserving Software at Scale: The Stephen Cabrinety Collection


Published on

Digital Library Forum presentation on Cabrinety software preservation grant. Combined presentation from National Institute of Standards and Technology and Stanford University.

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Preserving Software at Scale: The Stephen Cabrinety Collection

  1. 1. Preserving Software at Scale: The Stephen Cabrinety Collection Michael Olson, Stanford University Libraries Douglas White, National Institute of Standards and Technology
  2. 2. Disclaimer Trade names and company products are mentioned in the text or identified. In no case does such identification imply recommendation or endorsement by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, nor does it imply that the products are necessarily the best available for the purpose.
  3. 3. The Collection and NIST Grant      Collection consists of ~ 15,000 software titles from 1975 – 1995 Grant (Sept. 2013 – Aug. 2014) funded by National Institute of Standards and Technology Contains all media types from this period Disk images to be added to National Software Reference Library (NSRL) Reference Data Set Disk images and photographs will be ingested into the Stanford Digital Repository
  4. 4. Initial Stanford Tasks      Page software to campus Register software titles in Digital Object Registry (DRUID, Title, Source ID) Enter descriptive metadata in NSRL database Print tracking sheet Ship to NIST
  5. 5. NIST NSRL Collection Contains 14,500 pieces of computer software. Focuses on Windows, Mac, Linux operating systems and popular applications. Modern formats : DVD & CD ROMs, 5¼ in. & 3 ½ in. disks. Efforts 2005 to date: 19,500 media images 395 media errors (2%) 3,500 photograph sets 25,200 photos
  6. 6. SUL Cabrinety Collection Focuses on games for Atari, Commodore, Amiga, Sega, Nintendo, and Apple systems. 27 different operating systems represented. Several formats : 8 in., 5¼ in., and 3 ½ in. computer disks, cassettes, cartridges, CD-ROMs. NIST Efforts to date: 900 media images 158 media errors (17%) 1,100 photograph sets 61,100 photos
  7. 7. NSRL Workstation x
  8. 8. Workstation Equipment Apple Mini, running Ubuntu 12.04 LTS 5000K lighting station Canon T3i, tethered Golden Thread Object Level Target USB 3.5-inch floppy drive Device Side Data FC5025 USB 5.25-inch floppy controller ATA 5.25-inch floppy drive USB barcode scanner Firefox browser Java photo organizer (custom, wraps gphoto2 etc.) Perl media imager (custom, wraps dfcldd etc.)
  9. 9. Cartridge Media Using Retrode adapter for SEGA Genesis and Super Nintendo (SNES) games, plus plug-ins for Gameboy, Atari, Nintendo 64. Could not generate a complete, consistent media image. Every cartridge has metadata in a ROM “header” area; many include a checksum, for anti-piracy use. NSRL can calculate the SNES and SEGA Genesis checksums. Game Boy and Nintendo are works in progress. Detailed blog article recently published on Stanford website.
  10. 10. Results to date   Just received first batch of data from NIST – 360 GB = 870 software titles, 116,000 unique files Capture success rate: – 83% with no modification or intervention – Can increase by 5% with human intervention during imaging – Can increase by 4% with intervention during image mount – 8% of media have many (> 10%) sector read errors
  11. 11. Lessons and Improvements  Automation; less human interaction  Photography; use RAW and convert      Hardware for legacy media: Apple physical formats Large format floppy disks (8”) Cassettes Cartridge batteries
  12. 12. Lessons and Improvements     Data modeling beginning this month for repository Copyright letter created to send to rights holders Create persistent URL citation page (PURL) for software Integration into Stanford Catalog called SearchWorks – when rights allow
  13. 13.    Just received first batch of data from NIST 360 GB = 870 software titles, 116,000 unique files Copyright permissions letter created
  14. 14. Questions? Michael Olson, email: Douglas White email: