MODULE 2 – Law & Traffic Control DevicesModule Goal         Apply knowledge of pedestrian and vehicle laws in their school...
VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS          When required to stop, vehicular traffic must stop before entering the          c...
VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS        When traffic control signals are not in place, the driver of a vehicle shall yield ...
VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS     Every driver of a vehicle shall exercise due care to avoid colliding with        any p...
VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS        No parking on a sidewalk, in a crosswalk, in front of a curb cut or ramp or        ...
VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS       Pedestrians shall be subject to traffic-control       signals at intersections [I.C....
VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS     Pedestrians shall at all times walk on or along the left side of the     road [I.C. 32...
VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS      When crossing the roadway at any point other than a      marked crosswalk or within a...
VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS             Where traffic-control signals are in operation at any place not             an...
VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS     Pedestrians shall move, wherever practicable, upon the right half of        crosswalks...
VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWSBicycle LawEvery person propelling a device    by human power has all of    the rights and ...
TRAFFIC SIGNS, SIGNALS, AND MARKINGS•           Traffic Control Devices Include:                –       Traffic signs     ...
TRAFFIC SIGNS, SIGNALS, AND MARKINGS•           Background Law:                –      I.C. 761-130.1(321) Constitutes the ...
Uniformity•       Reasonably safe and        effective traffic        control through        uniformity:            –     ...
SCHOOL AREA TRAFFIC SIGNS                                           •   Shall be retroreflectorized or                    ...
SCHOOL AREA TRAFFIC SIGNS                                                                         MUTCD                   ...
SCHOOL ADVANCE WARNING                                                                                17Iowa Adult School ...
18Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program   Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
SCHOOL SPEED ZONE                                                                                19Iowa Adult School Cross...
SCHOOL SPEED ZONE                                                                                20Iowa Adult School Cross...
SEE THE DIFFERENCE??Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program   Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
PEDESTRIAN CROSSWALK SIGN                                                                                22Iowa Adult Scho...
PEDESTRIAN CROSSWALK SIGNIowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program   Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
END OF SCHOOL ZONE                                                                                24Iowa Adult School Cros...
PORTABLE STOP SIGNS             Iowa State Code makes the following exception to the             MUTCD for School Zones [7...
PORTABLE STOP SIGNS                                                                                26Iowa Adult School Cro...
PARKING AND STOPPING SIGNS                                           1.       May Use:                                    ...
MARKINGS                                                                                     28Iowa Adult School Crossing ...
CROSSWALKS                                           Any of these 3 styles                                              ma...
YIELD LINES                           Yield Point                                           May use to indicate the       ...
STOP LINES        Stop lines may be used to indicate the point behind        which vehicles are required to stop.         ...
SIDEWALK                                               Gives children a visual cue to keep them  Yellow “stand-           ...
TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNALS“steady circular green light”   or “steady green arrow”Vehicular traffic shall yield  the right-of-...
TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNALS“steady circular yellow” or   “steady yellow arrow”Are advised that there is   insufficient time to...
TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNALS“steady circular red”Shall not enter the roadway,  unless the pedestrian can safely  cross the road...
PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS                                           Shall be used in conjunction with                    ...
37Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program   Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS                                           •   A steady WALKING PERSON or                       ...
PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS                                           •   A flashing UPRAISED HAND or                      ...
PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS                                •          A pedestrian interval countdown display              ...
PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS                                           •   A steady UPRAISED HAND                           ...
PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS                           OR              Some pedestrian                                      ...
PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS                                           •   Pedestrian Detectors and Signage                 ...
44Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program   Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
PEDESTRIAN LEAD INTERVALIowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program   Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
CONCLUSIONThe Iowa Code provides rights and duties for   pedestrians and bicyclistsThe Manual for Uniform Traffic Control ...
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Crossing Guard 2 Law

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Crossing Guard 2 Law

  1. 1. MODULE 2 – Law & Traffic Control DevicesModule Goal   Apply knowledge of pedestrian and vehicle laws in their school crossing guard program duties.Objective One Demonstrate a knowledge of school area traffic regulations and the basic workings of school zone traffic controls. 1Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  2. 2. VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS When required to stop, vehicular traffic must stop before entering the crosswalk or behind a clearly marked stop line [I.C. 321.322] 2Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  3. 3. VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS When traffic control signals are not in place, the driver of a vehicle shall yield the right-of-way to pedestrians in crosswalks or any unmarked crosswalk at an intersection [I.C. 321.327] 3Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  4. 4. VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS Every driver of a vehicle shall exercise due care to avoid colliding with any pedestrian upon any roadway and shall exercise due care upon observing any child upon the roadway. [I.C.321.329]Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  5. 5. VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS No parking on a sidewalk, in a crosswalk, in front of a curb cut or ramp or within 10’ of a flashing beacon, stop sign, or traffic-control signal on the side of the road [I.C. 321.358] 5Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  6. 6. VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS Pedestrians shall be subject to traffic-control signals at intersections [I.C. 321.325] 6Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  7. 7. VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS Pedestrians shall at all times walk on or along the left side of the road [I.C. 321.326] 7Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  8. 8. VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS When crossing the roadway at any point other than a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection the pedestrian shall yield to the vehicle upon the roadway [I.C. 321.328] 8Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  9. 9. VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS Where traffic-control signals are in operation at any place not an intersection pedestrians shall not cross at any place except in a marked crosswalk [I.C. 321.328] 9Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  10. 10. VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWS Pedestrians shall move, wherever practicable, upon the right half of crosswalks [I.C.321.330].Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  11. 11. VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC LAWSBicycle LawEvery person propelling a device by human power has all of the rights and all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle [ I.C. 321.1 & 321.234] 11Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  12. 12. TRAFFIC SIGNS, SIGNALS, AND MARKINGS• Traffic Control Devices Include: – Traffic signs – Traffic signals – Pedestrian signals – Pavement markings• Must satisfy five basic requirements: – Fulfill a need; – Command attention; – Convey a clear, simple meaning; – Command respect from road users; – Give adequate time for response. Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  13. 13. TRAFFIC SIGNS, SIGNALS, AND MARKINGS• Background Law: – I.C. 761-130.1(321) Constitutes the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD), 2003 ed. As the manual and specifications a uniform system of traffic control devices in Iowa. – 130.1(1) Gives exceptions to manual for specific for school zones regarding portable or part- time stop signs: • Emergency and temporary traffic control purpose • At appropriate school crosswalks. 13 Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  14. 14. Uniformity• Reasonably safe and effective traffic control through uniformity: – Policies – Practices – StandardsIowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  15. 15. SCHOOL AREA TRAFFIC SIGNS • Shall be retroreflectorized or illuminated. • Shall have a yellow or yellow-green background with a black legend and border. • Should be placed where messages are most effective without restricting lateral clearance or sight distances. • Placement should consider highway design, alignment, vehicle speed, and roadside development. 15Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  16. 16. SCHOOL AREA TRAFFIC SIGNS MUTCD 16Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  17. 17. SCHOOL ADVANCE WARNING 17Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  18. 18. 18Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  19. 19. SCHOOL SPEED ZONE 19Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  20. 20. SCHOOL SPEED ZONE 20Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  21. 21. SEE THE DIFFERENCE??Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  22. 22. PEDESTRIAN CROSSWALK SIGN 22Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  23. 23. PEDESTRIAN CROSSWALK SIGNIowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  24. 24. END OF SCHOOL ZONE 24Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  25. 25. PORTABLE STOP SIGNS Iowa State Code makes the following exception to the MUTCD for School Zones [761-130.1(1)]:“ Portable or part- time STOP signs may be used in school zones at appropriate school crosswalks.” 25Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  26. 26. PORTABLE STOP SIGNS 26Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  27. 27. PARKING AND STOPPING SIGNS 1. May Use: 1. To prevent vehicles blocking pedestrians and driver views. 2. As school traffic plan to control vehicles. MUTCD 27Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  28. 28. MARKINGS 28Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  29. 29. CROSSWALKS Any of these 3 styles may be used. 29Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  30. 30. YIELD LINES Yield Point May use to indicate the point behind which vehicles are required to yield. 30Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  31. 31. STOP LINES Stop lines may be used to indicate the point behind which vehicles are required to stop. Stop Point or Stop Point ≥ 4 ft or MUTCD 31Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  32. 32. SIDEWALK Gives children a visual cue to keep them Yellow “stand- a safe distance back from the curb or edge back” line is of the street. marked or taped on sidewalk. OPTIONAL Detectable WarningIowa Adult School Crossing Guard Training Program 32Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  33. 33. TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNALS“steady circular green light” or “steady green arrow”Vehicular traffic shall yield the right-of-way to other vehicular and pedestrian traffic lawfully within the intersection [I.C. 321.257]. 33Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  34. 34. TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNALS“steady circular yellow” or “steady yellow arrow”Are advised that there is insufficient time to cross the intersection. Any pedestrian starting to cross the roadway shall yield the right-of-way to all vehicles [I.C. 321.257]. 34Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  35. 35. TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNALS“steady circular red”Shall not enter the roadway, unless the pedestrian can safely cross the roadway without interfering with any vehicular traffic [I.C. 321.257]. 35Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  36. 36. PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS Shall be used in conjunction with  traffic control signals if justified by  OR an engineering study. Exclusively intended for controlling  pedestrian traffic 36Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  37. 37. 37Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  38. 38. PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS • A steady WALKING PERSON or WALK light means – Pedestrian facing the illuminated pedestrian signal indication may proceed to cross the roadway in the direction of the pedestrian signal, possibly in conflict with turning vehicles – Shall be given the right-of- way by drivers of all vehicles [I.C. 321.257]. 38Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  39. 39. PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS • A flashing UPRAISED HAND or DONT WALK light means – pedestrian traffic facing the illuminated pedestrian signal shall not start to cross the roadway in the direction of the pedestrian signal – Any pedestrian already crossing on a steady WALKING PERSON signal indication shall proceed [I.C. 321.257]. 39Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  40. 40. PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS • A pedestrian interval countdown display 4 – May be added to inform pedestrians of time left to cross. – Shall be located immediately adjacent to the associated UPRAISED HAND 4 pedestrian signal head indication. – Displayed of the number of remaining seconds shall begin only at the beginning of the pedestrian change interval. MUTCD 40Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  41. 41. PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS • A steady UPRAISED HAND signal indication means • Pedestrian shall not enter the roadway in the direction of the illuminated pedestrian signal. MUTCD 41Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  42. 42. PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS OR Some pedestrian signals provide audio cues to inform pedestrians with visual disabilities. MUTCD 42Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  43. 43. PEDESTRIAN CONTROL SIGNALS • Pedestrian Detectors and Signage • Detectors should be capable of easy activation and conveniently located near each end of the crosswalk. • Signs shall be mounted adjacent to or integral with pedestrian push button detectors, explaining their purpose and use. MUTCD 43Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  44. 44. 44Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  45. 45. PEDESTRIAN LEAD INTERVALIowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices
  46. 46. CONCLUSIONThe Iowa Code provides rights and duties for  pedestrians and bicyclistsThe Manual for Uniform Traffic Control Devices  standardizes placement of signs and markingsCrossing guards should understand how traffic  controls function for the safety of the  students.Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard Program Module 2/Law & Traffic Control Devices

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