Crossing Guard 1 Hazards


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The Iowa Adult School Crossing Guard training.

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Crossing Guard 1 Hazards

  1. 1. MODULE 1 – Hazards of the RoadwayModule GoalRecognize pedestrian hazards.Objective OneRecall the types of vehicular and pedestrian crashes.Objective TwoRecognize the perspective and limitations of children in traffic.
  2. 2. SCHOOL CROSSING GUARDS ARE IMPORTANT • 5 to 15 years olds - 183 Killed and 13,000 injured • “Safety of trips to and from school can be enhanced by sidewalks and proper signalization, but also by well-trained adult crossing guards and selective police enforcement.”. A Review of Pedestrian Safety Research in the United States and Abroad / U.S. DOT, Jan 2004
  3. 3. PEDESTRIAN CRASH TYPES • Pedestrian / motor vehicle crashes are not random events. • Understanding these factors can help develop counter measures to reduce pedestrian / motor vehicle crashes.
  4. 4. PEDESTRIAN CRASH TYPES1. Dart-Out / Dash2. Multiple Threat / Trapped3. Unique Mid-block4. Through Vehicle at Un-signalized Location5. Bus-Related6. Turning Vehicle7. Through Vehicle at Signalized Location8. Walking Along Roadway9. Working / Playing in Roadway10.Non-Roadway11.Backing Vehicle12.Crossing Expressway13.Miscellaneous
  5. 5. DART-OUT/DASH Dart-Out DashPedestrian ran in front of a Pedestrian walked or ran into motorist whose view of them road and was struck by a was blocked. motorist whose view was not blocked.
  6. 6. MULTIPLE THREAT/TRAPPEDThe pedestrian entered the roadway in front of stopped orslowed traffic and was struck by a second vehicle in an adjacentlane after becoming trapped in the middle of the roadway.
  7. 7. UNIQUE MIDBLOCKThe pedestrian was struck while crossing the road to / from a unique locationExample: mailbox, newspaper box, or ice-cream truck, or while getting into or out of a stopped vehicle.
  8. 8. THROUGH VEHICLE AT UNSIGNALIZED LOCATION• The pedestrian was struck at an unsignalized intersection or mid-block location.• Either the motorist or the pedestrian may have failed to yield.
  9. 9. BUS-RELATED• Walking or crossing to a bus stop;• Waiting at a bus stop; or• Crossing in front of a bus stopped at a bus stop.
  10. 10. TURNING VEHICLEPedestrian crossing at an intersection,driveway, or alley.Vehicle turning right or left.
  11. 11. THROUGH VEHICLE AT SIGNALIZED LOCATION The pedestrian was struck at a signalized intersection or mid- block location by a vehicle that was traveling straight ahead. Diagram 1 Diagram 2
  12. 12. WALKING ALONG ROADWAYPedestrian was walking along the roadway.Struck from the front or from behind by avehicle.
  13. 13. WORKING/PLAYING IN ROADWAY A vehicle struck a pedestrian who was: • Standing or walking near a disabled vehicle, • Riding a play vehicle • Playing in the roadway • Working in the roadway
  14. 14. NON-ROADWAYPedestrian near roadway edge, sidewalk,driveway, alley, or parking lot.
  16. 16. CHILDREN SEE DIFFERENTLY • Lower eye level o Blocked view • Field of vision is only two- thirds of an adults • Dont judge speed and distance well • If I can see can see me.
  17. 17. CHILDREN HEAR DIFFERENTLY Cannot determine the source of sounds.
  18. 18. CHILDREN PERCEIVE TRAFFIC SITUATIONS DIFFERENTLY• Lack traffic experience • Don’t understanddangerous situations
  19. 19. CHILDREN REACT SPONTANEOUSLY AND UNEXPECTEDLY • Concentrate on only one thing at a time. • Once they are moving its hard to stop that motion. • Overestimate their ability.
  20. 20. CHILDRENS CAPABILITIESParents overestimate theirchildren’s ability crossstreets.Discrepancy betweenexpectations andperformance is greatest foryounger children.
  21. 21. CONCLUSION• Parked cars block a motorist’s and child’s view• Children have a narrower field of view – you may see them, but they may not see you• Kids have not developed the ability to judge speed and distance – may run into traffic• Children’s sense of hearing is still developing – may not respond quickly to a horn• Kids may not understand traffic patterns while crossing a roadway• When kids are focused, they may not see a traffic hazard