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This is a very basic representation of how a DSL connection would work.

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  1. 1. DSL/ADSL Modem Technology, concept and troubleshooting
  2. 2. Objective <ul><li>Describing DSL modem. </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison to voiceband modem. </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware components. </li></ul><ul><li>Service features. </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturers. </li></ul><ul><li>Common issues and troubleshooting. </li></ul>
  3. 3. DSL Modem <ul><li>ADSL modem or DSL modem is a device used to connect a single computer or router to a DSL phone line, in order to use an ADSL service. Like other modems it is a type of transceiver. It is also called a DSL Transceiver or ATU-R . The acronym NTBBA (network termination broad band adapter, network termination broad band access) is also common in some countries. </li></ul>
  4. 4. DSL Modem <ul><li>Some ADSL modems also manage the connection and sharing of the ADSL service with a group of machines: in this case, the unit is termed a DSL router or residential gateway. </li></ul>
  5. 5. ADSL Modem A basic network using ADSL modem
  6. 6. DSL vs Voiceband modem <ul><li>Most DSL modems are external to the computer and wired to the computer's Ethernet port, or occasionally its USB port, whereas voiceband modems are usually built inside the computer. </li></ul><ul><li>DSL modems use frequencies from 25 kHz to above 1MHz (see Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line), in order not to interfere with voice service which is primarily 0-4 kHz. Voiceband modems use the same frequency spectrum as ordinary telephones, and will interfere with voice service - it is usually impossible to make a telephone call on a line which is being used by a voiceband modem. </li></ul>
  7. 7. DSL vs Voiceband modem <ul><li>DSL modems vary in data speed from hundreds of kilobits per second to many megabits, while voiceband modems are nominally 56K modems and actually limited to approximately 50 kbit/s. </li></ul><ul><li>DSL modems exchange data with only the DSLAM to which they are wired, which in turn connects them to the Internet, while most voiceband modems can dial directly anywhere in the world. </li></ul>
  8. 8. DSL vs Voiceband modem <ul><li>DSL modems are intended for particular protocols and sometimes won't work on another line even from the same company, while most voiceband modems use international standards and can &quot;fall back&quot; to find a standard that will work </li></ul>
  9. 9. Hardware components <ul><li>A DSL modem requires the following for its operation </li></ul><ul><li>Power supply: Transformer and capacitor </li></ul><ul><li>Data connection and power circuitry (for example, USB, Ethernet, PCI) </li></ul><ul><li>DSL digital data pump </li></ul><ul><li>DSL analog chip and line driver </li></ul><ul><li>Micro controller </li></ul><ul><li>Filter </li></ul>
  10. 10. Service Features <ul><li>Apart from connecting to an ADSL service, many modems offer additional integrated features: </li></ul><ul><li>ADSL2 or ADSL2+ support </li></ul><ul><li>Router functionality that includes Network Address Translation (NAT) to share a single IPv4 address. </li></ul><ul><li>An 802.11b, 802.11g or 802.11n wireless access point </li></ul><ul><li>A built-in switch (typically 4 ports) </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Private Network termination </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic DNS (Domain Name System) clients </li></ul><ul><li>Voice over IP functionality including Quality of Service (priority control for data flows between users) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Manufacturers <ul><li>2Wire </li></ul><ul><li>Netgear </li></ul><ul><li>Belkin </li></ul><ul><li>D-Link </li></ul><ul><li>Linksys </li></ul><ul><li>Siemens </li></ul>
  12. 12. Common issues and troubleshooting <ul><li>Problems accessing the Internet can occur due to: </li></ul><ul><li>a) Problems with the computer being used </li></ul><ul><li>b) Failures of the DSL service to operate correctly </li></ul><ul><li>c)  General problems within the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>d)  Disconnected or faulty cables </li></ul>
  13. 13. Common issues and troubleshooting <ul><li>Solution to such common problems include </li></ul><ul><li>Checking the modem activity light. </li></ul><ul><li>Checking the physical connection between the various devices. </li></ul><ul><li>Checking the hardware functionality </li></ul><ul><li>Checking the security software such as anti viruses and firewalls. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Common issues and troubleshooting <ul><li>Using techniques such as obtaining a manual ip address from the internet service provider. </li></ul><ul><li>Checking for proper connectivity of the default gateway and the DNS server by pinging. </li></ul><ul><li>Note : Sometimes very basic troubleshooting steps such as restarting the hardware or unplug and replacing of the various cables can resolve the issue. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Thank You