Nazism in Europe during WWII


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  • A pre-war Nazi poster depicting the Jew as "the wirepuller".
  • Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941 (Operation Barbarossa) brought with it an exhausting battle on the Eastern Front, hugely demanding of troops and supplies. Recruitment among the occupied countries as well as in Germany itself, was vital to the Nazi cause. In this appeal to Dutchmen to join the Armed SS, the motive is expressed as an ideological and moral struggle against Bolshevism.From the Victoria & Albert Museum, London: collections. vam   (Found on See source on slide.)
  • Nazism in Europe during WWII

    1. 1. WWII The Nazi Political Movement Benchmark 7.2.3
    2. 2. The Roots: <ul><li>Nazi: National Socialist German Workers Party </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in 1919 by Anton Drexler </li></ul><ul><li>Adolf Hitler took over the party in 1920 </li></ul><ul><li>The Platform of Party: Anti Treaty of Versailles </li></ul><ul><li>The party took power in 1933 </li></ul>
    3. 3. What is Nazism? <ul><li>The National Socialism movement in Germany </li></ul><ul><li>It was totalitarian, not democratic </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Semitism Beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Unification of the masses </li></ul><ul><li>New military strength </li></ul>
    4. 4. Why Nazism took Power: <ul><li>Viewed as a way out of Depression. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler’s understanding of human psychology </li></ul><ul><li>Use of mass of propaganda </li></ul><ul><li>Elimination of political rivals </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of SS (Secret Police) </li></ul>
    5. 5. Hitler at the Nuremberg Rallies In Germany National Archives, “ Hitler at Nazi party rally, Nuremberg, Germany. (circa 1928)”,
    6. 6. Nazi Policies (Pre-War): <ul><li>High taxes and fake national bonds </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalization of all industry </li></ul><ul><li>Switch towards military production </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler Youth </li></ul><ul><li>“ Night of the Long Knives”: June 30, 1934 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mass Killing of Hitler’s political rivals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anti-Semitism </li></ul>
    7. 7. Early Nazi Propaganda ILoveMyPiccolo, “Early Nazi propaganda”, December 24, 2005 via, Creative Commons by Attribution
    8. 8. Anti-Semitism: <ul><li>Belief in Racial Supremacy: Arian Race </li></ul><ul><li>Boycotting of Jewish Own Businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Sept. 15, 1935: Creation of Nuremberg Race Laws </li></ul><ul><li>Nov. 9 th /10 th , 1938: Kristallnoch </li></ul><ul><li>The Star of David </li></ul>
    9. 9. The War Begins (1939-1940): <ul><li>Sept. 1, 1939: Germany Invades Poland </li></ul><ul><li>Poland puts up little resistance. </li></ul><ul><li>April 9, 1940: Germany invades Denmark and Norway </li></ul><ul><li>May 10, 1940: Germany begins attack on France </li></ul><ul><li>July 10, 1940: Battle of Brittan begins </li></ul>
    10. 10. Holocaust: <ul><li>Is the name given to the near genocide of European Jews. </li></ul><ul><li>How the Jews were treated: </li></ul><ul><li>Concentration Camps: Death or Work </li></ul><ul><li>Ghettos </li></ul><ul><li>Death Marches </li></ul><ul><li>Inhuman Experients </li></ul>
    11. 11. Work Sets You Free: Dachau Concentration Camp Edwin.11, “Work Sets You Free (Dachau Concentration Camp)”, May 9, 2007 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution
    12. 12. Party Polices During War: <ul><li>Increased SS Tactics </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in Jews sent to camps or ghettos </li></ul><ul><li>Growth in Hitler Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy use of Propaganda. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Nazi Propaganda During War Bobster855, “Recruiting poster, ca. 1942”, January 18, 2009 via, Creative Commons Attribution
    14. 14. War: 1941-1944: <ul><li>June 22, 1941: Germany invades Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>Dec. 7, 1941: Japan attacks Pearl Harbor and America officially enters the war. </li></ul><ul><li>July 5, 1943: Battle of KursK </li></ul><ul><li>March 19, 1944: Germans occupy Denmark </li></ul><ul><li>June 6, 1944: D-Day </li></ul><ul><li>Dec. 16, 1944: The Battle of the Bulge </li></ul>
    15. 15. German Occupied Europe 1942: Jewish Virtual Library. “German Occupied Europe 1942”, ©2009 The American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise, Source: U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
    16. 16. D-Day: <ul><li>June 6, 1944 </li></ul><ul><li>Largest Amphibious Assault in military history </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US, British, French, and Canadian Forces </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allies Landed at Normandy Beaches: France </li></ul><ul><li>Allies breakout of Normandy: July 25, 1944 </li></ul>
    17. 17. Allies find Concentration Camps: <ul><li>Jan. 27 th , 1945: Soviet Forces find Auschwitz </li></ul><ul><li>April 29, 1945: Americans find Darham </li></ul>Simone.onofri, “Wire fence and observation tower #2 - Auschwitz-Birkenau - Per non dimenticare…”, January 26, 2009 via Flickr, Creative commons Attribution
    18. 18. Berlin 1945: <ul><li>March 7, 1945: Americans cross River Rhine </li></ul><ul><li>April 16, 1945: Soviets launch final assault on Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>April 30, 1945: Hitler commits suicide. </li></ul>
    19. 19. V-E Day: <ul><li>V-E: Victory in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>May 7 th , 1945: Germany Surrenders to Western Allies. </li></ul><ul><li>May 9 th , 1945: Germany Surrenders to the Soviets. </li></ul><ul><li>The Cold War Begins… </li></ul>
    20. 20. Sources: <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>The above sources are the location of the information presented in this Presentation are from. All information is used for educational purposes and will not be sold or copied by the author or any students. All photos used have sources on the slide in which they appear! </li></ul>