Chapter 11

307 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
307
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 11

  1. 1. Chapter 11Suffixes<br />LizannAguada<br />July 14, 2011<br />Bio 120-Medical Terminology<br />
  2. 2. -emia<br />Referring to the blood and/or something in the blood<br />
  3. 3. septicemia<br />Septicemia is the presence of bacteria in the blood (bacteremia) and is often associated with severe infections.<br />
  4. 4. Causes of septicemia<br />Septicemia is a serious, life-threatening infection that gets worse very quickly. It can arise from infections throughout the body, including infections in the lungs, abdomen, and urinary tract. It may come before or at the same time as infections of the bone (osteomyelitis), central nervous system (meningitis), heart (endocarditis), or other tissues.<br />
  5. 5. Symptoms<br />Can begin with spiking fevers, chills, rapid breathing, and rapid heart rate. The person looks very ill.<br />The symptoms rapidly progress to shock with fever or decreased body temperature (hypothermia)<br />
  6. 6. Tests that can confirm infection include:<br />Blood culture<br />Blood gases<br />CBC<br />Clotting studies <br />PT<br />PTT<br />Fibrinogenlevels<br />CSF culture<br />Culture of any suspect skin lesion<br />Platelet count<br />Urine culture<br />
  7. 7. prognosis<br />What to expect depends on the organism involved and how quickly the patient is hospitalized and treatment begins. The death rate is high - more than 50% for some organisms.<br />
  8. 8. -prandial<br />Referring to a meal<br />postprandial<br /><ul><li>After eating a meal</li></li></ul><li>2-Hour Postprandial Blood Sugar Test<br />This two-hour blood sugar test measures blood glucose exactly 2 hours after you start eating a meal. <br />
  9. 9. These tests are done to: <br />Check for diabetes. <br />Monitor treatment of diabetes. <br />Check for diabetes that occurs during pregnancy (gestational diabetes). <br />Determine if an abnormally low blood sugar level hypoglycemia is present. A test to measure blood levels of insulin and a protein called C-peptide may be done along with a blood glucose test to determine the cause of hypoglycemia. <br />
  10. 10. For a 2-hour postprandial test, start eating a meal exactly 2 hours before the blood sample is taken. A home sugar test is the most common way to check 2-hour postprandial blood sugar levels. <br />
  11. 11. BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS<br />Fasting blood glucose:   70-99 mg/dL<br />2 Hours after eating (postprandial):   70-145 mg/dL<br />Random (casual):   70-125 mg/dL<br />

×