• Massachusetts• New Hampshire• Connecticut• Rhode Island
People who settled in the NewEngland Colonies were on areligious journey because theywere not happy with the Church ofEngland.• They arrived with their families.• The Pilgrims settled in Massachusetts 1620 in search of religious freedom.• The Puritans settled in Massachusetts in 1630 and were a very strict religious discipline.
Rhode Island was founded by Puritans whothought Massachusetts was too strictConnecticut was founded by Puritans whothought Massachusetts was not strict enoughNew Hampshire was founded by adventurerslooking for religious freedom
• Farming was predominantly for personal use.• Trades consisted of fishing, shipbuilding, lumbering and the fur trade.• The Puritans and Pilgrims made their own clothes and shoes.• Boston was the major port.• They were very self sufficient.
Triangular Trade for the New England Colonies:• New England Colonies produced rum• Rum shipped to Africa to be traded for slaves• Slaves sent to West Indies and traded for molasses and sugar• Molasses and sugar sent to New England to make rum
The middle colonies had a variety of religionsincluding: Quakers Mennonites Lutherans Dutch Calvinists Presbyterians
• Many people did not bring their families• Most socially and politically diverse
• Settled in the Middle Colonies to practice their own religion• Quakers settled in this area• Quakers are against war and violence
• Economically diverse• Excellent farm land for growing grain and raising livestock• Industry very important – Factories in Maryland made iron – Factories in Pennsylvania made paper and textiles
• Maryland• Virginia• North Carolina• South Carolina• Georgia
• The people who settled in this area wanted to make money• They brought their families with them and they lived together on plantations
• Were popular in the southern colonies.• Plantations were extremely large and were very similar to small villages• Typically consisted of the main home, kitchen, servant/slave quarters, basically everything required to be self-sufficient within the plantation
Cash crops included tobacco, corn, rice andindigo and they required lots of people toharvest the crops. The southern colonies reliedon servants and slaves to work on theplantations. The southern colonies had thelargest number of slaves. Slavery played animportant role in dividing the Carolinas intoNorth and South in 1729.
• The triangular trade route helped the Southern Colonies obtain slaves• Great Britain would trade textiles and manufactured goods to Africa• In turn, Africa would trade slaves to the colonies• The slaves were transported by ship in horrific conditions• Once the slaves were offloaded in America, the ships were reloaded with molasses, rum, sugar or tobacco and traded to Great Britain to start the triangle all over again
Many people in the colonies lived too far fromchurches and the Great Awakening broughtreligious revivals closer to them. Preacherswould come to the colonies and preach thebible. Two of the best known revival preacherswere John Edwards and George Whitefield. TheGreat Awakening increased church membership.
Enlightenment encouragedreasonable and logicalthinking. BenjaminFranklin was anenlightened individual whowas intelligent and createdseveral inventions. Thistime of enlightenmentincreased education andestablished public libraries.