The New England Colonies• Massachusetts• New Hampshire• Connecticut• Rhode Island
New England Colonies ReligionThe people who settled in the New EnglandColonies were on a religious journey becausethey were not happy with the Church ofEngland.• They arrived with their families.• The Pilgrims settled in Massachusetts 1620 in search of religious freedom.• The Puritans settled in Massachusetts in 1630 and were a very strict religious discipline.
New England Colonies ExpansionRhode Island was founded by Puritans whothought Massachusetts was too strictConnecticut was founded by Puritans whothought Massachusetts was not strict enoughNew Hampshire was founded by adventurerslooking for religious freedom
New England Colonies Economy• Farming was predominantly for personal use.• Trades consisted of fishing, shipbuilding, lumbering and the fur trade.• The Puritans and Pilgrims made their own clothes and shoes.• Boston was the major port.• They were very self sufficient.
New England Colonies Triangular TradeTriangular Trade for the New England Colonies:• New England Colonies produced rum• Rum shipped to Africa to be traded for slaves• Slaves sent to West Indies and traded for molasses and sugar• Molasses and sugar sent to New England to make rum
Middle Colonies• New York• New Jersey• Pennsylvania• Delaware
Middle Colonies ReligionThe middle colonies had a variety of religionsincluding: Quakers Mennonites Lutherans Dutch Calvinists Presbyterians
Middle Colonies People• Many people did not bring their families• Most socially and politically diverse• Settled in the Middle Colonies to practice their own religion• Quakers settled in this area• Quakers are against war and violence
Middle Colonies Economy• Economically diverse• Excellent farm land for growing grain and raising livestock• Industry very important – Factories in Maryland made iron – Factories in Pennsylvania made paper and textiles
Southern Colonies• Maryland• Virginia• North Carolina• South Carolina• Georgia
Southern Colonies People• The people who settled in this area wanted to make money• They brought their families with them and they lived together on plantations
Southern Colonies PlantationsPlantations were popular in the southerncolonies. These plantations were extremelylarge and were very similar to small villages.They typically consisted of the main home,kitchen, servant/slave quarters, basicallyeverything required to be self-sufficient withinthe plantation.
Southern Colonies SlavesCash crops included tobacco, corn, rice andindigo and they required lots of people toharvest the crops. The southern colonies reliedon servants and slaves to work on theplantations. The southern colonies had thelargest number of slaves. Slavery played animportant role in dividing the Carolinas intoNorth and South in 1729.
Southern Colonies Triangular TradeThe triangular trade route helped the SouthernColonies obtain slaves. Great Britain wouldtrade textiles and manufactured goods to Africa.In turn, Africa would trade slaves to thecolonies. The slaves were transported by ship inhorrific conditions. Once the slaves wereoffloaded in America, the ships were reloadedwith molasses, rum, sugar or tobacco andtraded to Great Britain to start the triangle allover again.
The Great AwakeningMany people in the colonies lived too far fromchurches and the Great Awakening broughtreligious revivals closer to them. These revivalscontained preachings from the bible. Two ofthe best known revival preachers were JohnEdwards and George Whitefield. The GreatAwakening increased church membership.
Enlightenment ThinkingEnlightenment encouraged reasonable andlogical thinking. Benjamin Franklin was anenlightened individual who was intelligent andcreated several inventions. This time ofenlightenment increased education andestablished public libraries.