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A report made by:
Kristine Joy G. Clapero (Clappers)
 determine the process of mutation breeding
 know what is mutation as well as the breeding
 know who contributed the mu...
- Is the change in genetic
material: a random change in a
gene or chromosome resulting
in a new trait.
 What is Breeding?...
Process
-There are different kind of
mutagenic breeding such as using
chemical mutagens like EMS and
DMS, and radiation ar...
- Mutation breeding is commonly used to produce
traits in crops such as larger seeds, new colors, or
sweeter fruits, that ...
- EMS= Ethyl methanesulfonate .
It produces random mutations in
genetic material by nucleotide
substitution.
-DMS= Dimethy...
Radiation Breeding
- Exposing plants to radiation
is sometimes called radiation
breeding and is a sub class of
mutagenic b...
- It was discovered in the 1920s when Lewis J. Stadler of the
University of Missouri (Colombia) used X-rays on
- barley se...
Atomic Gardens
- are a form of mutation breeding
where plants are exposed to
radioactive sources, in order to
generate use...
- It depends on whether the crop is sexually or
asexually propagated.
- Sexually propagated crops: seeds that are
commonly...
Mutagen, Mutagenesis and Mutant
Mutagens
- Is a physical or chemical agent that
causes such changes the genetic material.
...
Mutant
- Is an
individual, organism, or
new genetic
character, arising or
resulting from an instance
of mutation.
- Can ei...
Some of the Successful Mutation Breeding
Most Perfect Orange (California)
Rice (China)
Thanks For Your Time…
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Mutation Breeding

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Mutation Breeding

  1. 1. A report made by: Kristine Joy G. Clapero (Clappers)
  2. 2.  determine the process of mutation breeding  know what is mutation as well as the breeding  know who contributed the mutation breeding  Understand how mutation breeding and radiation breeding done  Know the chemicals that can be used for mutation  Site some successful mutation around the world  Differentiate the mutants, mutagens and mutagenesis After the discussion the students will be able to:
  3. 3. - Is the change in genetic material: a random change in a gene or chromosome resulting in a new trait.  What is Breeding? - is the reproduction, that is, producing of offspring, usually animals or  What is Mutation?
  4. 4. Process -There are different kind of mutagenic breeding such as using chemical mutagens like EMS and DMS, and radiation are used to generate mutants.
  5. 5. - Mutation breeding is commonly used to produce traits in crops such as larger seeds, new colors, or sweeter fruits, that either cannot be found in nature or have been lost during evolution.
  6. 6. - EMS= Ethyl methanesulfonate . It produces random mutations in genetic material by nucleotide substitution. -DMS= Dimethyl sulfate is a chemical compound. It is mainly used as a methylating agent in organic synthesis.
  7. 7. Radiation Breeding - Exposing plants to radiation is sometimes called radiation breeding and is a sub class of mutagenic breeding. - Radiation breeding may take place in atomic gardens.
  8. 8. - It was discovered in the 1920s when Lewis J. Stadler of the University of Missouri (Colombia) used X-rays on - barley seeds. Lewis John Stadler (July 6, 1896 - May 12, 1954) was an American geneticist. His research focused on the mutagenic effects of different forms of radiation on economically important plants like maize and barley.
  9. 9. Atomic Gardens - are a form of mutation breeding where plants are exposed to radioactive sources, in order to generate useful mutations. Part of the plant to be treated - Are seeds, pollen grains, buds/cuttings or complete plant can be used for mutagenesis.
  10. 10. - It depends on whether the crop is sexually or asexually propagated. - Sexually propagated crops: seeds that are commonly used because can tolerate extreme environmental conditions.
  11. 11. Mutagen, Mutagenesis and Mutant Mutagens - Is a physical or chemical agent that causes such changes the genetic material. Mutagenesis - Is the process of change in the DNA
  12. 12. Mutant - Is an individual, organism, or new genetic character, arising or resulting from an instance of mutation. - Can either completely destroy the function of a gene or it can change the sequence of letters of the genetic code in a gene
  13. 13. Some of the Successful Mutation Breeding Most Perfect Orange (California) Rice (China)
  14. 14. Thanks For Your Time…

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