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11
Allgemeine Einführung zu Micro-Degrees
und Badges
HRK Hochschulrektorenkonferenz
Sitzung der Kommission "Digitalisierung", Bonn, 17.05.2019
Dr. Jochen Robes, Robes Consulting/ Weiterbildungsblog
Bild: Joao Tzanno
2
Micro-Degrees und Badges: Begriffliches
− Micro-Degrees (Microcredentials) “Microcredentials can be seen as part of a trend
toward modularity and stackability in higher
education, the idea being that each little piece of an
education can be consumed on its own or can be aggregated
with other pieces up to something larger.” (Class Central)
“A digital badge is an online representation of a skill
you've earned.” (Open Badges Homepage)
“Open Badges are verifiable, portable digital badges with
embedded metadata about skills and achievements. They
comply with the Open Badges Specification and are
shareable across the web.” (Open Badges Homepage)
− Badges
− Open Badges
3
Micro-Degrees und Badges: Begriffliches
Micro-Degrees
(Microcredentials)
Badges
MOOCs
Micro-
learning
Gami-
fication
Lernende
Hochschulen
Unternehmen
Anbieter
(Online-Kurse, MOOCs,
LMS, Badges)
Netzwerke
(LinkedIn, Xing)
Open
Education
Blockchain
4
15. September 2011:
Launch: Open Badges (Mozilla Foundation)
“Mozilla's Open Badges
Infrastructure (OBI) provides the
open, core technology to support an
ecosystem of badges. It is a standard
that has been designed to support a
broad range of different badge issuers,
and allow any user to earn badges
across different issuers, web sites and
experiences, then combine them into a
single collection tied to their identity. “
Quelle: Mozilla
5
Audrey Watters, Hack Education, 15. September 2011:
„Why Badges?“
“It seems to me that as the education system
faces the challenges of a changing workforce,
one that requires skill-sets that may or may not
be reflected in certificates from these
traditional (academic or corporate) programs,
that someone is going to become the new
certifying agency. Will it be LinkedIn? Will
it be Pearson? Will it be Kaplan? Will it
be Chegg? (I'm serious. Think about it. That's
where they're all headed.)”
6
Open Badge Projekte
Andreas Wittke (oncampus)
Ilona Buchem (Beuth Hochschule)
BeuthBonus Academy
7
Clarissa Shen, Udacity, 16. Juni 2014:
„Announcing nanodegrees: a new type of credential for
a modern workforce”
Bildquelle: Udacity
“.... compact,
flexible, and job-
focused
credentials that
are stackable
throughout your
career”
8
Laurie Pickard, Class Central, 18. Juli 2018:
„Analysis of 450 MOOC-Based Microcredentials Reveals
Many Options But Little Consistency”
Bildquelle: Class Central
„… this analysis points to a
lack of consistency among
microcredentials, making it
difficult to compare them or
interpret their significance,
for prospective learners and
employers alike.“
9
Sebastian Thrun, Udacity, 1. Mai 2019:
„Taking Udacity to New Heights”
Bildquelle: JD Lasica (Flickr, CC BY 2.0)
“Today, we are taking a huge step towards becoming the
“University of Silicon Valley”. ...
With more than 75,000 Nanodegree program graduates
and over 200 industry partners, the Nanodegree program
is well on its way to becoming a de-facto standard for
hiring and corporate training in the tech industry. ...
At Udacity, we think of the Nanodegree program as a new
“fourth degree.” The three common university
degrees — the Bachelor’s, Master’s, and PhD — have
been with us for more than six-hundred years! ...”
10
Ernst & Young, 14. August 2017:
„New program will allow EY people to earn credentials
in future-focused skills”
Bildquelle: Acclaim
„EY today announces it will
introduce a new program
that will enable its people to
invest in their own careers by
earning digital credentials in
skills that differentiate them
in the market, ...“
11
Ernst & Young, 14. August 2017:
„New program will allow EY people to earn credentials
in future-focused skills”
„EY people will be able to display their
badges on their social media channels.
Information about badge verification and
additional context about the earned skill can
be accessed via these social media channels in
one click, and this information will be
accessible to everyone.
The badges will also help match EY people
with relevant projects and engagements
within the organization, based on verified
skills.”
Quelle: LinkedIn
12
HFD, Arbeitspapier 35, Juni 2018:
Anrechnung digitaler
Lernformate
FALLBEISPIEL III: ANRECHNUNG AUSSER-
HOCHSCHULISCH MITHILFE DIGITALER MEDIEN
ERWORBENER KOMPETENZEN
Variante 1: Paulina studiert Betriebswirtschaft an
der Universität Mannheim. Parallel dazu belegt
sie sowohl offene als auch kommerzielle Online-
Kurse zum Thema „Economics“ und dokumentiert
ihre Leistungen teils über proprietäre Zertifikate,
teils über Open Badges. Kann sie sich diese
Leistungen auf ihr Hochschulstudium an der
Universität Mannheim anrechnen lassen?
13
Dominic Orr, Hochschulforum Digitalisierung, 22. Januar 2019:
„Digitale Kompetenznachweise für lebenslanges Lernen”
„Angesichts der neuen (non-)formalen und informellen Bildungsmöglichkeiten in Zeiten
der Digitalisierung (u. a. Online Kurse, Online Communities, Online Ressourcen), stellt sich
die Frage, wie die Ergebnisse der Kompetenzentwicklung auch aus digitalen und
informellen Lernsettings sichtbar gemacht werden können (HFD, 2018).“
14
European Association of Distance Teaching Universities (EADTU), Press Release, 30. April 2019:
„EMC launches Common Microcredential Framework”
“In order to qualify as a microcredential within this
framework, a course must adhere to the following
specifications:
− Have a total study time of no less than 100 hours and no
more than 150 hours, including revision for, and
completion of, the Summative Assessment.
− Be levelled at Level 6 or Level 7 in the European
Qualification Framework or the equivalent levels in the
university’s national qualification framework.
− ...”
Quelle: eadtu.eu
15
European Association of Distance Teaching Universities (EADTU), Press Release, 30. April 2019:
„EMC launches Common Microcredential Framework”
16
Arbeitskreis Zukunft der Arbeit in der CDU/CSU-Bundestagsfraktion, 5. November 2018
„MILLA – Die Weiterbildungswende“
Abschluss:
zur Erinnerung ...
17
Herzlichen Dank! Kontakt:
Dr. Jochen Robes
Robes Consulting, Siebenbürgenstr. 6,
60388 Frankfurt, +49 151 – 289 011 25
www.robes-consulting.de
info@robes-consulting.de
Weiterbildungsblog:
www.weiterbildungsblog.de
LinkedIn: http://de.linkedin.com/in/jrobes
Xing:
https://www.xing.com/profile/Jochen_Ro
bes
Slideshare:
http://www.slideshare.net/jrobes
Twitter: http://twitter.com/jrobesBild: Lindsay Henwood

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Allgemeine Einführung zu Microdegrees und Badges

  • 1. 11 Allgemeine Einführung zu Micro-Degrees und Badges HRK Hochschulrektorenkonferenz Sitzung der Kommission "Digitalisierung", Bonn, 17.05.2019 Dr. Jochen Robes, Robes Consulting/ Weiterbildungsblog Bild: Joao Tzanno
  • 2. 2 Micro-Degrees und Badges: Begriffliches − Micro-Degrees (Microcredentials) “Microcredentials can be seen as part of a trend toward modularity and stackability in higher education, the idea being that each little piece of an education can be consumed on its own or can be aggregated with other pieces up to something larger.” (Class Central) “A digital badge is an online representation of a skill you've earned.” (Open Badges Homepage) “Open Badges are verifiable, portable digital badges with embedded metadata about skills and achievements. They comply with the Open Badges Specification and are shareable across the web.” (Open Badges Homepage) − Badges − Open Badges
  • 3. 3 Micro-Degrees und Badges: Begriffliches Micro-Degrees (Microcredentials) Badges MOOCs Micro- learning Gami- fication Lernende Hochschulen Unternehmen Anbieter (Online-Kurse, MOOCs, LMS, Badges) Netzwerke (LinkedIn, Xing) Open Education Blockchain
  • 4. 4 15. September 2011: Launch: Open Badges (Mozilla Foundation) “Mozilla's Open Badges Infrastructure (OBI) provides the open, core technology to support an ecosystem of badges. It is a standard that has been designed to support a broad range of different badge issuers, and allow any user to earn badges across different issuers, web sites and experiences, then combine them into a single collection tied to their identity. “ Quelle: Mozilla
  • 5. 5 Audrey Watters, Hack Education, 15. September 2011: „Why Badges?“ “It seems to me that as the education system faces the challenges of a changing workforce, one that requires skill-sets that may or may not be reflected in certificates from these traditional (academic or corporate) programs, that someone is going to become the new certifying agency. Will it be LinkedIn? Will it be Pearson? Will it be Kaplan? Will it be Chegg? (I'm serious. Think about it. That's where they're all headed.)”
  • 6. 6 Open Badge Projekte Andreas Wittke (oncampus) Ilona Buchem (Beuth Hochschule) BeuthBonus Academy
  • 7. 7 Clarissa Shen, Udacity, 16. Juni 2014: „Announcing nanodegrees: a new type of credential for a modern workforce” Bildquelle: Udacity “.... compact, flexible, and job- focused credentials that are stackable throughout your career”
  • 8. 8 Laurie Pickard, Class Central, 18. Juli 2018: „Analysis of 450 MOOC-Based Microcredentials Reveals Many Options But Little Consistency” Bildquelle: Class Central „… this analysis points to a lack of consistency among microcredentials, making it difficult to compare them or interpret their significance, for prospective learners and employers alike.“
  • 9. 9 Sebastian Thrun, Udacity, 1. Mai 2019: „Taking Udacity to New Heights” Bildquelle: JD Lasica (Flickr, CC BY 2.0) “Today, we are taking a huge step towards becoming the “University of Silicon Valley”. ... With more than 75,000 Nanodegree program graduates and over 200 industry partners, the Nanodegree program is well on its way to becoming a de-facto standard for hiring and corporate training in the tech industry. ... At Udacity, we think of the Nanodegree program as a new “fourth degree.” The three common university degrees — the Bachelor’s, Master’s, and PhD — have been with us for more than six-hundred years! ...”
  • 10. 10 Ernst & Young, 14. August 2017: „New program will allow EY people to earn credentials in future-focused skills” Bildquelle: Acclaim „EY today announces it will introduce a new program that will enable its people to invest in their own careers by earning digital credentials in skills that differentiate them in the market, ...“
  • 11. 11 Ernst & Young, 14. August 2017: „New program will allow EY people to earn credentials in future-focused skills” „EY people will be able to display their badges on their social media channels. Information about badge verification and additional context about the earned skill can be accessed via these social media channels in one click, and this information will be accessible to everyone. The badges will also help match EY people with relevant projects and engagements within the organization, based on verified skills.” Quelle: LinkedIn
  • 12. 12 HFD, Arbeitspapier 35, Juni 2018: Anrechnung digitaler Lernformate FALLBEISPIEL III: ANRECHNUNG AUSSER- HOCHSCHULISCH MITHILFE DIGITALER MEDIEN ERWORBENER KOMPETENZEN Variante 1: Paulina studiert Betriebswirtschaft an der Universität Mannheim. Parallel dazu belegt sie sowohl offene als auch kommerzielle Online- Kurse zum Thema „Economics“ und dokumentiert ihre Leistungen teils über proprietäre Zertifikate, teils über Open Badges. Kann sie sich diese Leistungen auf ihr Hochschulstudium an der Universität Mannheim anrechnen lassen?
  • 13. 13 Dominic Orr, Hochschulforum Digitalisierung, 22. Januar 2019: „Digitale Kompetenznachweise für lebenslanges Lernen” „Angesichts der neuen (non-)formalen und informellen Bildungsmöglichkeiten in Zeiten der Digitalisierung (u. a. Online Kurse, Online Communities, Online Ressourcen), stellt sich die Frage, wie die Ergebnisse der Kompetenzentwicklung auch aus digitalen und informellen Lernsettings sichtbar gemacht werden können (HFD, 2018).“
  • 14. 14 European Association of Distance Teaching Universities (EADTU), Press Release, 30. April 2019: „EMC launches Common Microcredential Framework” “In order to qualify as a microcredential within this framework, a course must adhere to the following specifications: − Have a total study time of no less than 100 hours and no more than 150 hours, including revision for, and completion of, the Summative Assessment. − Be levelled at Level 6 or Level 7 in the European Qualification Framework or the equivalent levels in the university’s national qualification framework. − ...” Quelle: eadtu.eu
  • 15. 15 European Association of Distance Teaching Universities (EADTU), Press Release, 30. April 2019: „EMC launches Common Microcredential Framework”
  • 16. 16 Arbeitskreis Zukunft der Arbeit in der CDU/CSU-Bundestagsfraktion, 5. November 2018 „MILLA – Die Weiterbildungswende“ Abschluss: zur Erinnerung ...
  • 17. 17 Herzlichen Dank! Kontakt: Dr. Jochen Robes Robes Consulting, Siebenbürgenstr. 6, 60388 Frankfurt, +49 151 – 289 011 25 www.robes-consulting.de info@robes-consulting.de Weiterbildungsblog: www.weiterbildungsblog.de LinkedIn: http://de.linkedin.com/in/jrobes Xing: https://www.xing.com/profile/Jochen_Ro bes Slideshare: http://www.slideshare.net/jrobes Twitter: http://twitter.com/jrobesBild: Lindsay Henwood