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Blockchain in Learning & Career Development: The Case of the Open Source University

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A presentation on the application of the blockchain for the purposes of transforming Academia in line with Industry 4.0

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Blockchain in Learning & Career Development: The Case of the Open Source University

  1. 1. Application of the Blockchain for the Purposes ofTransforming Academia in line with Industry 4.0 Hristian Daskalov, www.OS.UNIVERSITY Project Lead PhD Candidate @ Brno / Riga / Sofia Technical University Brno International Week – VUT FBM, 06-09.11.2017
  2. 2. 1.Research 2.Development 3.Network Why? What? Who?
  3. 3. Expectations
  4. 4. Research: Critical Success Factors in Managing Open Source Stakeholders - Application Beyond IT? Part 1
  5. 5. Source:blog.hackerearth.com
  6. 6. “2017 will be theYear of the Internet of People” https://daskalov.info/2016/12/28/2017-will-be-the-year-of-the-sharing-economy-2-0-the-internet-of-people/
  7. 7. IBM’s ‘Device Democracy’
  8. 8. TheOpenSourceWorld Software - System software - Application software - Programing tools Hardware - IT hardware - Non IT hardware Content
  9. 9. The open source model is a decentralized development model that encourages open collaboration. (Eric S. Raymond, 2001) Source: medium.com
  10. 10.  Frequencies of critical success factor (CSF) categories, observed within the qualitative content analysis conducted as part of the research on ‘’CSF in Managing OS Stakeholders Engagement’’ 1 10 10 5 5 5 5 1 1 0 2 4 6 8 10 12
  11. 11. OSUniphoto
  12. 12. TheEconomy TheL&DSystem Skills Demand Skills Supply Information Coordination Relationships Match of skills to jobs Badqualityof informationcoordination relationshipsistheroot causebehindpoor resultsinschool-to-work transition. AccordingtoErnst&Young:
  13. 13. University А Life-long learning Consultants Corporate L&D P2P University B Government L&D Online e-learning Non-formal education NGO L&D State of Art
  14. 14. Life-long learning University III Cluster University II Corporate e-learning Online education University I Government L&D Non-formal education NGO Learners’ community Concept
  15. 15. Our underlying technology:
  16. 16. Development: World’s Academic & Career Development Ledger on the Ethereum Blockchain Part 2
  17. 17. Itisashareddatabase.This databaseiscalledaledger. Likeabank,theledgerskeep trackofdata(financialand other).Unlikeacentralized inst.(e.g.abank),everyone hasacopy->decentralization &autonomousverification. The Blockchain 101
  18. 18. Public vs. Private Blockchains
  19. 19. Difficultinformation &assetexchangein businessnetworks (e.g.supplychains) Separate ledgers
  20. 20. Consistency,efficiency, securityandscalability ofdatafortransactions throughoutthechain Beyond understanding in general how the distributed database technology that powers blockchain works, it is important to understand the types of problems facing institutions that blockchains appear to be good at solving. According to IBM, these include: eliminating paperwork; updating/re-engineering (“extinguishing antiquated”) processes; creating transparency Blockchain advantages
  21. 21. Haveyouseen thelast 2slides earlier inthe presentation already?
  22. 22. -Businesslogicthatcanbeassignedto atransactiononthe blockchain -Actsasa‘notary’ofblockchain transactions -Holdsconditionsunderwhich specificactionscan/mustbe performed -Can’tbemodifiedwithout predefinedpermissions Smart contracts
  23. 23. CodingSmartContracts ● Data of the transaction is the compiled contract ● Contracts can call other contracts (they can even call themselves) ● High level languages (for which compilers exist) - Solidity (Javascript like) - Serpent (Python like) - LLL (Lisp like) ● Everything you use in a smart contract is publicly visible
  24. 24. Learnerswillbeableto recordandstoreprogress directlyintotheblockchain, usingsmartcontractsto validateandshowcasetheir accomplishmentsonaglobal stage. The Credentials Wallet Source: www.os.university
  25. 25. Businesseswillhavedirect accesstoaglobalpooloftalents, whilebigdatawillenablethem totargettherightcandidates andmeetthelearningand developmentneedsof employeesthroughcustomized pathwayson-demand. The HR Process Optimizer Source: www.os.university
  26. 26. Universitiesandother learningproviderswilleasily populatetheircourseand programofferingsintothe blockchain,makingtheir knowledgeproduction scalable,opening-upforthe world. The Global Ed. Marketplace Source: www.os.university
  27. 27. The‘InternetofThings’eraisabout collecting,connecting,andmaking senseofdata.Weneeda decentralized‘Diplomaofthings’ mechanismtocollect,connectand makesenseoflearning.Therefore thedistributededucation&career developmentledgeriswhatwe workonatwww.OS.UNIVERSITY. The World’s L&D Ledger
  28. 28. FromLedger1.0 to Ledger2.0 Keeping it simple
  29. 29. Ourteamconsistsofrenowned academicians,seniorcorporate executives,experiencedpublic sectorleaders,blockchain evangelistsandsocialchange- makers,unitedbythecommon strivetorevolutionizetheworldof learningandprofessional development. It takes a (global) village...
  30. 30. • H1 2015 - OSUni research project initiated at the Faculty of Management within the Technical University of Sofia, resulting in scientific publications on the subject, published in Bulgaria, Latvia, and the Czech Republic. • H2 2015 - OSUni proof-of-concept phase initiated, along with corporate partners from Bulgarian industry and software development sectors, resulting in early versions of system's architecture and design. • H1 2016 - OSUni announced among top 10 social innovation ideas globally, in competition with 400 technology concepts and 130+ project proposals as part of the Living Progress Challenge of Hewlett Packard Enterprise. • H2 2016 - OSUni receives positive reviews and engages in expanding its partnership network under programs for support of young entrepreneurs, led by the Ministry of Economy and the Open Society Institute, as well as through the Sofia Business School. • H1 2017 - OSUni announced as 2017 "YouthSpeak'' forum winner in Latvia, based on a scaled-down prototype, resulting in a distributed learning program implementation project at a community center in Sao Paulo, Brazil. • H2 2017 - OSUni development work reaches important milestone, under the project leadership of IO.Era, software consultancy, specializing in blockchain- based applications, leading the way to an initial currency offering (ICO). R&D Background
  31. 31. Networking: Ittakesavillagetore-engineera system thatis 1000yearsold... Let’smakeita globalvillage... Bettera globalarmy... Part 3
  32. 32. “TheFutureis here–it’sjustnot veryevenly distributed” Picture: blockchain.open.ac.uk “Learning Is Earning 2026” Video: Learning is Earning 2026
  33. 33. 1. Single institution for authentication of certificates 2. Groups of institutions for shared repositories of certification and achievement, as in the example of some universities have grouped together in the US already 3. National blockchain database of all certificates 4. Global assessment (Sony Global Education) 5. Blockchain and badges – open badges to evidence credentials and safe storage 6. Blockchain and MOOCs – more reliable certification of MOOCs 7. Continuing Professional Development – currently CPD, and other forms of formal and informal work-based learning are diverse, and poorly tracked 8. Corporate learning 9. Apprenticeship 10. Bodies of knowledge
  34. 34. Cipryss The University of Nicosia has been issuing academic certificates whose authenticity can be verified through the Bitcoin blockchain from 2014. These certificates are being issued to students who successfully completed or participated in DFIN- 511 Introduction to Digital Currency, which is the first university course offered on the topic of cryptocurrency.
  35. 35. 2015 Argentina graduates with proof of their diplomas on Bitcoin’s blockchain, thanks to a piloting project by ‘Signatura’ and Calidad en Educación en Zona Norte College
  36. 36. MIT “Digital Diploma debuts at MIT“ October 17th, 2017 Background:“In 2015, Philipp Schmidt, the director of learning innovation at the MIT Media Lab, had begun issuing internal, non-academic digital certificates to his team. Schmidt had realized that, despite the rise of decentralized, informal online learning opportunities, there was no digital way to track and manage these accomplishments. He says he became interested in finding a “more modular credentialing environment, where you would get some kind of recognition for lots of things you did throughout your life.”
  37. 37. "Webelievethatblockchain technologiesmayholdananswerto collatingtheoutcomesofthenew distributedlearningrealityandwe intenttoexplorethepossibilitiesthat thisinfrastructurecouldprovide.” OU’sKnowledgeMediaInstitute The Open University (UK)
  38. 38. UGron
  39. 39. Thisreportconcludesthatblockchain applicationsforeducationarestillintheirinfancy. Itdescribescasestudiesofimplementations fromvariousEuropeanandnon-European players,buteachoftheseimplementationsisin apilotingphase.However,evenfromtheseearly pilots,itispossibletosuggestthatblockchainhas thepotentialtodisruptthemarketinstudent informationsystems,bylooseningthecontrol currentplayershaveoverthismarket.(inline withopeneducation’ssharingandtransparency principles) EU’s JRC main conclusions
  40. 40. -Reproducibility -Continuousresearch& dataautonomy -Realinnovation “Blockchain for Science” That’sawholeother topicthatrequiresan additionallecture...
  41. 41. “We envision a world in which the awarding and validation of qualifications no longer occur exclusively under the management of an education institution or an employer and individual students, teachers, and peers take more ownership of the learning experience and its outcomes without compromising on safety, security, and accessibility" Prof. John Domingue, Director of the Open University’s Knowledge Media Institute.
  42. 42. Thank you!  More on the subject:  https://govinsider.asia/digital-gov/patrice-choong-ngee-ann-polytechnic-campus-ecosystem/  https://news.coinify.com/academic-certificates-blockchain/  http://www.investor.bg/kriptovaluti/491/a/zadava-se-pyrvata-globalna-platforma-za- akademichno-razvitie-bazirana-na-blokchein-249123/  https://www.crowdfundinsider.com/2017/10/123841-open-source-university-project-launch- global-social-innovation-platform-ico-round/  http://www.bloombergtv.bg/investbook/2017-10-10/balgarska-platforma-osnovavashta-se-na- blokcheyn-gleda-kam-revolyutsiya-v-obrazovanieto  http://www.maltatoday.com.mt/news/national/80704/government_launches_first_blockhain_in itiative_in_education  https://www.edsurge.com/news/2016-05-12-what-blockchain-means-for-higher-education  https://www.coindesk.com/blockchain-education-big-idea-need-bigger-thinking/  https://www.cnbc.com/2016/05/09/schools-are-recording-students-results-on-the- blockchain.html  https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/what-blockchain-technology-could-mean-for- universities  https://er.educause.edu/articles/2017/3/the-blockchain-revolution-and-higher-education  https://oeb-insights.com/10-ways-blockchain-could-be-used-in-education/  https://blog.signatura.co/first-official-career-diplomas-on-bitcoin-s-blockchain-69311acb544d hristian.daskalov@opensourceuni.org

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