Writing a research paper


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workshop slides for African edition of Internation Journal of Mobile & Blended Learning

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Writing a research paper

  1. 1. Publishing a Mobile Learning Research Paper<br />Professor John Traxler<br />
  2. 2. Who?<br />mobile learning researchers in Africa <br />who are hoping to submit an academic paper to a peer-reviewed journal, <br />specifically to the African edition of <br />the International Journal of Mobile and Blended Learning.<br />
  3. 3. Why?<br />Recognition, and promotion and funding, <br />for academics and researchers everywhere, including Africa, <br />depends on publication, <br />specifically publication of research papers in recognized peer-reviewed journals.<br />
  4. 4. Why?<br />There is considerable research activity in mobile learning in Africa.<br />This deserves greater visibility and recognition.<br />There are stories to tell, ideas to share, communities to build.<br />
  5. 5. Why?<br />The last five or six years have seen a rapid apparent growth of mobile learning across Africa. <br />Sometimes this replicates the experiences and challenges elsewhere, <br />sometimes it responds to challenges of local infrastructure or the specifics of local culture; <br />It represents <br /><ul><li>the 'localized' version of global and corporate training
  6. 6. accessing the international knowledge economy, OR
  7. 7. the work of social entrepreneurs, not-for-profits and m4d activists
  8. 8. supporting indigenous languages, traditional pedagogy and informal knowledge.</li></ul>It has been sadly under-documented and under-reported and deserves a wider global audience.<br />
  9. 9. What?<br /><ul><li>Theories of mobile learning in Africa
  10. 10. Practical experiences of mobile learning in Africa
  11. 11. The African mobile learning context
  12. 12. Characteristics and challenges of infrastructure and culture
  13. 13. Local interpretations of mobile learning
  14. 14. Supporting indigenous languages and local cultures
  15. 15. The role of traditional pedagogy and informal knowledge
  16. 16. Understanding mobile learning in an African context
  17. 17. Social media in a mobile environment
  18. 18. Web 2.0 tools for mobile learners in Africa
  19. 19. Impact of mobile technologies on teaching and learning in Africa
  20. 20. Emerging mobile literacies in an African context
  21. 21. Collaborative and cooperative mobile learning
  22. 22. Cost-effectiveness of mobile learning in Africa
  23. 23. Mobile and nomadic communities
  24. 24. The relevance of the African experience to other challenging environments and societies
  25. 25. Building a greater understanding of African-ness and how this relates to accounts of mobile learning</li></li></ul><li>Which?<br />The characteristics of good research<br />
  26. 26. unique<br />Or unusual; it has not been done before, in however small a respect, and <br />this claim is based on a review of the appropriate literature;<br />
  27. 27. relevant and meaningful<br />in that it is generalisable, replicable or transferable and thus also valuable and significant<br />
  28. 28. rigorous<br />shows the application of theory, methods, evidence, data, analysis, inference and discussion to an agreed standard; <br />
  29. 29. repeatable<br />providing the guidance, information and resources in sufficient detail to enable other people to replicate or extend the project's outcomes and conclusions or to build on them in some way in a different context,<br />
  30. 30. ethical<br />no harm is done by the research and perhaps things get better<br />
  31. 31. but<br />these criteria are all relative to a particular audience or community<br />so….. read the journal and find out what these criteria actually mean in practice<br />
  32. 32. Papers<br />Project reports<br />Critical reviews<br />Thought pieces<br />Demonstrating<br />Proof of Concept<br />Prototyping<br />Technical model<br />Pushing theory<br />Embedding<br />Scaling<br />How?<br />User data<br /> Qualitative<br /> Quantitative<br />System data<br />
  33. 33. Theory?<br />Explanatory<br />Predictive<br />Model<br />Framework<br />Abstraction<br />General<br />Conclusions?<br />Proved<br />Suggested<br />Demonstrated<br />Established<br />Refuted<br />
  34. 34. Style & Procedure?<br />Whatever the publishers and the editors decree!<br />Online or paper, open or paid? Think about the issues and the options<br />
  35. 35. Literature Reviews<br />Every academic paper reporting a project must have a literature review<br />To show that the project builds on and exploits current knowledge, understanding and analysis of existing research in every respect<br />