University of Pretoria
Nelson Mandela was awarded the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize for his work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa.
Most of my work involves facilitating consensus agreements on the design and implementation model for particular programmes, for particular target audiences at particular moments in time – hence I work mostly in a transactional space (but that does not mean that other perspectives do not also influence decisions made). I have the greatest affinity for systems thinking and hermeneutics but also draw frequently on other perspectives. Similarly, my dominant teaching approach is influenced by cognitive and social constructivism, but it is also influenced by aspects of associationist/behaviourist theory on the one hand and connectivist and neuroscience theory on the other.
OER Africa defines PAR as ‘collaborative research, education and action used to gather information to use for change on social issues’. It involves people who are concerned about or affected by an issue and who take a leading role in producing and using knowledge about it. A PAR approach has the following features:
It is driven by participants;
It offers a democratic model of who can produce, own and use knowledge;
It is collaborative at every stage, involving discussion, pooling skills and working together;
It is intended to result in some action, change or improvement on the issue being researched.
By its very nature, PAR requires strong engagement with, and leadership from, key participants to be effective. A specific research methodology for the PAR agenda will emerge through specific engagement with our partner institutions.
Pain, R. et al. Participatory Action Participatory Action Research Toolkit: An Introduction to Using PAR as an Approach to Learning, Research and Action. Durham University.
Challenge: institutional lead within a PAR process; own voice and assumptions but tempered by context and feedback on draft documents. Attempts at triangulation through document review, discussion and interviews and direct in-country observation.
Because OER allows flexibility in module and course design and in the long-term, cuts costs
No Royalties; Choose how to share; Freely available
Allows contextualisation of existing quality resources
Facilitates conversations about institutional and national policy necessary to support quality teaching, learning and research
OER is a tool that enables Africa to share with the rest of the world its wealth of knowledge!
OER is a powerful tool towards transforming higher education in Africa. This is a transformation that will see Africa take its rightful place as a major actor in the transformation of our societies, livelihoods, economies, politics, the practice of science and the performance of the arts. Africa’s contribution to the global knowledge economy is vital.
Quote from : http://www.unicef.org/sowc99/sowc99a.pdf – The State of the World’s Children (1999) [downloaded Sept 20th 2014)
Kofi Annan was awarded the Peace Prize for having revitalized the UN and for having given priority to human rights. The Nobel Committee also recognized his commitment to the struggle to contain the spreading of the HIV virus in Africa and his declared opposition to international terrorism.
He served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1997 to December 2006.