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Sustaining 
Difference during 
Gentrification: 
NYC & Berlin 
Since 2008 
Dr. Jack Gieseking 
Digital & Computational Stud...
Urban Geographies of 
Sexualities: NYC & Berlin 
• 1979 “ghettos” --> 1983 
“neighborhoods” 
• “Gays” and artists linked t...
105000 
100000 
95000 
90000 
85000 
80000 
75000 
US 70000 
$13,392 +/- per couple type 
65000 
60000 
Lesbian-Queer Hist...
The Gay City 
Today 
@jgieseking 
Jun, 2009 “Join the Rainbow Pilgrimage” NYC.gov
• Financialization: private 
equity investors 
increasing owning 
rental housing portfolios 
• 1990s locally owned 
housin...
Fields & Uffer, Urban Studies 
(2014): 
• Deep parallels in 
globalization of housing 
market in NYC and Berlin 
• Split b...
How did the creative class thesis make way for financialization? 
And what is the future of the creative class under finan...
Research 
Project 
@jgieseking 
Images: © Levine Roberts, Keith Haring, n/a, GO, gonyc.gov
NYC/Berlin Research 
Project Methods 
•47 NYC & 24 Berlin self-identified lesbians & queer women 
with mental mapping comp...
Mapping Lesbian-Queer 
New York Desi’s Map Sally’s Map 
@jgieseking
Color = Participant Year of Coming Out 
Red = Cassie ’83 (Latina, middle class, from NYC) 
Blue = Susan ’92 (white, middle...
NYC 
• Fragmented & fleeting spaces 
• Gentrify and are gentrified for 
over 3 decades 
• Little ability to retain long-te...
Financialized Creative 
Class of NYC/Berlin 
Insights to Date 
•Creative class gentrification 
fed today’s financializatio...
Next Project: 
Queer Public 
Archives
Vielen Dank. 
Special thanks to the 
Alexander Humboldt Foundation, 
Tatjana Nikitina, and my Humboldt Fellow colleagues. ...
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Gieseking - Sustaining Difference during Gentrification: NYC & Berlin Since 2008

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"Sustaining Difference during Gentrification: NYC & Berlin Since 2008"
Dr. Jen Jack Gieseking
Digital & Computational Studies
Bowdoin College, Brunswick, ME, USA

BUKA 2010-2011, HU im Berlin
jgieseking.org
@jgieseking
Presentation from Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Bundeskanzler-Stipendium (BUKA) / German Chancellor Fellowship Kolloquium in Sankt-Petersburg, Russia.
Do not cite, reprint, or quote this presentation without express permission of Dr. Jen Jack Gieseking.

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Gieseking - Sustaining Difference during Gentrification: NYC & Berlin Since 2008

  1. 1. Sustaining Difference during Gentrification: NYC & Berlin Since 2008 Dr. Jack Gieseking Digital & Computational Studies Bowdoin College, Brunswick, ME, USA BUKA 2010-2011, HU im Berlin jgieseking.org || @jgieseking
  2. 2. Urban Geographies of Sexualities: NYC & Berlin • 1979 “ghettos” --> 1983 “neighborhoods” • “Gays” and artists linked to patterns of gentrification • Intersection of culture, politics, and economy in a territory LesbianHerstoryArchives.org. 2012. • Lesbians and queer women disappeared as “invisible” • Women drink less, possess less capital and power, and are associated with a narrative of fear in the city Castells (1983) @jgieseking
  3. 3. 105000 100000 95000 90000 85000 80000 75000 US 70000 $13,392 +/- per couple type 65000 60000 Lesbian-Queer History by 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 the Numbers 2007 Couple'Male* Male' Couple' Female*Male' Couple' Female*Female' F(3) = 433; p > .001, R2 = .946 @jgieseking US Median Annual Earnings by Type of Couple Source: Hegewisch, et al. (2011), Institute for Research on Women
  4. 4. The Gay City Today @jgieseking Jun, 2009 “Join the Rainbow Pilgrimage” NYC.gov
  5. 5. • Financialization: private equity investors increasing owning rental housing portfolios • 1990s locally owned housing > global portfolios in 2000s Housing Financialization Mother Jones (2014) @jgieseking
  6. 6. Fields & Uffer, Urban Studies (2014): • Deep parallels in globalization of housing market in NYC and Berlin • Split between housing ($) and home (experience) in both cities • Financialization heightened inequality and often worsened housing conditions and well-being of rental populations in both cities NYC/Berlin Gentrification Uberberlin 2011, Vancouver Sun 2011, Shark Properties 2010 @jgieseking
  7. 7. How did the creative class thesis make way for financialization? And what is the future of the creative class under financialization? @jgieseking
  8. 8. Research Project @jgieseking Images: © Levine Roberts, Keith Haring, n/a, GO, gonyc.gov
  9. 9. NYC/Berlin Research Project Methods •47 NYC & 24 Berlin self-identified lesbians & queer women with mental mapping components •Archival research 25 years of publications in both cities, & 381 organizational records in NYC •Participatory online focus group in NYC, future for both together Alison Bechdel 1987 Staten Island Manhattan The Bronx Queens Brooklyn @jgieseking
  10. 10. Mapping Lesbian-Queer New York Desi’s Map Sally’s Map @jgieseking
  11. 11. Color = Participant Year of Coming Out Red = Cassie ’83 (Latina, middle class, from NYC) Blue = Susan ’92 (white, middle class) Green = Sally ’96 (white, upper-middle class) Brown = Shawn ’98 (black, middle class, from NYC) Purple = Holly ’03 (white, working-middle class) Orange = Beth ’06 (white, working-middle class) MANHATTAN QUEENS BROOKLYN West Village East Village Park Slope Bed-Stuy Flatbush Central Park Williamsburg Chelsea Composite Mental Map @jgieseking
  12. 12. NYC • Fragmented & fleeting spaces • Gentrify and are gentrified for over 3 decades • Little ability to retain long-term, mass property ownership (ex. Park Slope) Berlin Meets NYC Berlin • Fragmented but not fleeting spaces • Recently taken on large role in gentrifying and being gentrified • Losing ability to retain long-term, mass property ownership (Kreuzkölln) [aus: NYC GO Magazine, 2009] [aus: http://www.morgenpost.de/, 2009]
  13. 13. Financialized Creative Class of NYC/Berlin Insights to Date •Creative class gentrification fed today’s financialization •Financialization is newest moment wave of gentrification •Creative class becomes redefined through financialization, esp. women •Disembodiment of home from housing “stock” is site of embodied intervention for LGBTQ activism and research [aus: NYC GO Magazine, 2009]
  14. 14. Next Project: Queer Public Archives
  15. 15. Vielen Dank. Special thanks to the Alexander Humboldt Foundation, Tatjana Nikitina, and my Humboldt Fellow colleagues. Questions & comments: @jgieseking jgieseking.org peopleplacespace.org All papers available on jgieseking.org/publications or via email.

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