Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Brubaker nwdebs


Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Brubaker nwdebs

  1. 1. Beyond the Grave Northwest Association of Death Education and Bereavement Support Portland, OR // July 11th, 2013 JED R. BRUBAKER INFORMATICS // UC IRVINE 1
  2. 2. 408,000 U.S. Facebook users died in 2011 VIA ENTRUSTET
  3. 3. 580,000 U.S. Facebook users died in 2012 VIA ENTRUSTET
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. memorializing the dead obituaries present the deceased in a positive light relative to contemporary norms { Hume, J. Obituaries in American Culture. 2000. } “storying” the identity of the deceased enables survivors to find meaning in loss { Harvey, J. H. et al. Embracing their memory. 2001. } conflicting stories of the deceased can result in “postmortem identity-contests” { Martin, D. D. Identity Management of the Dead. 2010. }
  7. 7. memorializing the dead (online) { Roberts, P. & Vidal, L. Perpetual care in cyberspace. 2000. Roberts, P. The living and the dead. 2004. Roberts, P. & Schall, D. “Hey Dad, its me again…” 2005. }
  8. 8. Frequency of comments relative to date of death “We will never forget you [online]”, Brubaker & Hayes, CSCW 2011 Death
  9. 9. Frequency of comments across the calendar year, pre vs. post-mortem “We will never forget you [online]”, Brubaker & Hayes, CSCW 2011
  10. 10. Frequency of comments relative to deceased’s date of birth “We will never forget you [online]”, Brubaker & Hayes, CSCW 2011 Birthday
  11. 11. post-mortem social networking SHARING MEMORIES POSTING UPDATES MAINTAINING CONNECTIONS I remember in 8th grade, with Mrs. DeWerff's science class. We had to do measurements on a bicycle tire, and we couldn't figure it out... We measured it 3 different ways... Needless to say- we were wrong. Haha. :// Liz i wish you could have met my baby nephew. he's beautiful. i know you wanted to see him, but you can see him now anytime you want from up there! :// Rebecca Hope everything is going well up there… :// James 11
  12. 12. expanding death into the everyday 12 spatial social temporal { Brubaker, Hayes & Dourish. Beyond the Grave: Facebook as a site for the expansion of death and mourning. The Information Society, 2013. }
  13. 13. More “friends” will survive our deaths than any previous generation. 13
  14. 14. 14 [I]t would help us each know the Mike that the other one knew. Like I know the high school Mike. I would love to know what the college Mike was like and the after college Mike was like. :// Laura I actually got to know her diving friends... Those are people that I never had a chance to meet…. :// Nina
  15. 15. 15 But I think that after I let time go by, I would shut down the Wall, even if people were irritated by it... it’s just like after a certain point like death isn’t public property anymore. You have to let it just [be] with the family. :// Catherine Who ever is running Tony’s profile now… plz NEVER delete it. :// Post from MySpace
  16. 16. 18
  17. 17. key thoughts Social media is increasing exposure to death and grief. New types of “friends” results in new types of loss. Online profiles, networks, and digital content present new challenges for the bereaved 19 1 2 3
  18. 18. practical strategies Create a separate Facebook Group in addition to the profile. Often someone other than the next-of-kin is better positioned to steward the profile. Be careful. Many actions are technologically irreversible. 20 1 2 3
  19. 19. thanks. Special thanks to my advisors and collaborators: Gillian Hayes, Paul Dourish, Geof Bowker, Melissa Mazmanian, Funda Kivran-Swaine, and Lee Taber. 21 @whatknows