Guided ByDr. Sumathi
BDS – Final
Table of Contents
Definitions :- Relining & Rebasing
Common Indications For Relining &
General Consideration Prior To
Reining Or Rebasing
Pretreatment Procedures :Tissue Preparation
Techniques :Clinical Procedures
Chair Side Technique
A number of changes can occur in
tissues that support complete
denture., these changes can entirely
be avoided, and the need to
“servicing” complete denture to keep
pace with the chanaging
foundations becomes mandatory.
The clinical efforts that aim at
prolonging the useful life of
complete dentures involve a Reline
or Rebase procedure.
As the denture foundations
change, the impression surfaces
of dentures cease to fit the tissue
properly . The procedure used is
a reining one, & the dentist
achieves this by adding new
denture base materials to the
existing denture base , thereby
refitting the denture.
Rebasing of dentures is
undertaken when the dentures
need to be refitted &
simultaneously reoriented as
well. This is done so as to
compensate for vertical &
horizontal changes in both
The procedure used to resurface the
tissue surface of a denture with new
base material to make the denture fit
more accurately. -- GPT
The process of adding base material to
the tissue surface of the denture in a
quantity sufficient to fill the space,
which exist between the original
denture contour and the altered tissue
contour. – SHARRY
Rebasing is a process of replacing all
the base material of a denture. Only
It consists of replacing all of the
The main objectives of relining or
rebasing are to:
Re-establish the correct relation of
denture to basal tissue.
Restore stability and retention
Restore lost occlusal and maxillo-
Common Indications for
Relining and Rebasing
Imperfection in the denture base
Defects in the impression surface of the
denture due to
Improper handling of the tissues during
Crazing of the material
Continued resorption of the residual alveolar
ridge under the complete denture.
Decreased occlusal vertical dimension
Due to faulty techniques
Regular periodic relines are required
Common Indications for
Relining and Rebasing
New denture costs are unaffordable
Physical/ mental state of the patient.
Chronically ill patients
Mentally compromised individuals
Excessive resorption of the alveolar
Highly inflamed/ abused soft tissues
Poor, unacceptable esthetics
Unsatisfactory jaw relation
Horizontal, vertical and orientation relations
Severe osseous undercuts which
require surgical correction
Severe speech problems
After a period of successful denture wear
the patient complains of
Ill-fitting dentures with loss of
stability and retention.
General soreness and inflammation
Chewing inefficiency over a period of
General Consideration Prior
to Relining Or Rebasing
CO should coincide with CR.
Healthy oral tissues
Adequate denture base extensions
Adequate load distribution on the basal
Suitable/healthy soft tissues with out
The clinical procedures of relining and
rebasing includes both tissue and denture
A). Tissue Rest:
1. Instruct the patient to leave the old
dentures out of the mouth at least
8 hours preferably at night.
2. The dentures should be left out of
the mouth at least two to three
days before making the final
3. Massage of the soft tissues two or
three times a day to stimulate the
blood supply and aid recovery.
B) Use of Tissue Conditioner
1. Extensive tissue abuse
2. Pt. cannot leave the dentures out
for tissue recovery.
3. Transmission of masticatory forces
to the supporting mucosa are
equalized by eliminating isolated
pressure spots typical of a loose, ill
The material is renewed periodically
every 3 to 7 days.
5. When the tissues had returned to a
clinically discernible healthy state, the
patient is scheduled for making the
C). Surgical management:
Excessive hypertrophic tissue should be
surgically removed. The denture can be
used as a surgical splint.
Balanced occlusion to ensure that
uneven contact does not bring about a
bodily shift or tilt of the denture when the
patient is asked to close together.
Reduction of sharp and overextended
Pressure areas in the tissue surface of
the dentures should be relieved.
Borders should be shortened to allow
space for new impression material.
All undercuts should be removed.
Static Method Open Mouth Technique: Given by Carl O. Boucher.
Reining & rebasing of both upper &
lower dentures at the same time.
Dentures are used as special trays for
making secondary impression. ZnOE is
the material of choice , then the
impressions are made.
After impression a new Centric
Relation is recorded.
Selective Trimming helps to make
selective pressure impression.
Interoccusal record is reliabe b/c jaw
relation is under consideration.
Difficult procedure b/c more clinical
and lab work is involved.
Closed Mouth Technique:-
Relining or rebasing
can not be done simultaneously for
maxillary & mandibular dentures.
There are 4 techniques:i. Technique A
ii. Technique B
iii. Technique C
iv. Technique D
Technique A:Centric relation (inter-occlusal record) is
recorded using wax or compound 1.5 to 2 mm relief
should be given to large undercuts. Borders are
reduced by 1 to 2 mm excepted the posterior region.
The centre portion of the palate in the
denture can be removed for visibility in positioning
the maxillary denture during impression making.
Border moulding is done & impression is
made from ZnOE impression material .
Patient is asked to close lightly to
interocclusal record & if the palatal
portion is cut, quick setting plaster
should be used to make impression.
Advantages Palatal opening will allow better seating of
denture & alleviate the increase in vertical
Pre-made interocclusal record helps to
position the denture during impression
It also helps in orienting dentures in an
2 step procedure – Reduces possibility of
moving the maxillary denture forward
during final impression.
Disadvantage Simultaneously maxillary & mandibular
dentures are not relined or rebased.
Technique B :Existing Centric relation is used.
Dentures are prepared as Technique A.
Border moulding is done using low fusing
Impression is made in 2 stepso Ist Step- Impression of all areas except
labial flange & alveolar crest in b/w
canines is recorded.
o IInd Step- Labial flange & alveolar crest in
b/w canines is recorded.
Advantage – It will reduce the extreme
forward movement of the denture.
Disadvantage - Wax distort easily.
Technique C:o Existing centric relation is used.
o Denture prepared as in Technique A.
o Labial & palatal flanges are perforated to
decrease the pressure inside dentures
during the impression making.
o Border moulding & impression making is
o Existing centric relation is used.
o Denture prepared as in Technique A.
Borders & shortened & made flat.
Large opening is made at mid palatal
Adhesive tapes are attached over the
buccal & labial surfaces of both
debtures 2 mm above the denture
Dental plaster & ZnOE is used for
Plaster of paris used for palatal
After impression making, a deep
groove is cut into labial & buccal
surfaces of the dentures at the junction
of impression material & adhesive
tape, & filled with molten wax.
Wax at the edge is used to record
Dentures are not required for laboratory
Fluid Resin (tissue conditioners) are used as
Tissue conditioners are usually soft liners with
following characteristics :o Easy to use.
o Excellent for refitting C.D.
o Capable for retaining for man weeks.
o Good in dimensional stability.
o Good in bonding to resin denture base.
Procedure Avoid night wear of the denture.
Occlusal errors should be corrected so Centric
Occlusion coincides with Centric Relation.
Tissue surface is reduced to accommodate tissue
Tissue surface is dried & tissue conditioning
material is placed. It should flow evenly as a thin
layer to cover the entire impression surface of
denture & its borders.
Now the denture is inserted & the
patient’s mandible is guided to Centric
Relation, in order to stabilize the
denture & the material is allowed to set
. Once the material is set impression is
removed & excess material is trimmed.
If poor recording of borders
has been done b/c of un-supported
area the border moulding is done with
green stick compound.
After 3 to 5 days dentures are
examined for depressed areas which
should be relieved. The material
should be renewed periodically (once
in a week) till tissue healing is
Then impression with ZnOE is taken
over the tissue conditioner material & a
cast is poured immediately. During the
Articulator method: Impression is obtained.
Cast is poured.
Maxillary cast is mounted on articulator
with face bow.
Mandibular denture is mounted using
an inter-occlusal record, if occlusal
discrepancy is present.
For relining the required amount of
tissue surface of the existing denture is
trimmed always using an acrylic bur. If
rebasing is to be done, the denture
base should be trimmed to just leave 2
mm of acrylic around the existing
After trimming the dentures are placed
in the articulator & waxed up without
altering the vertical height.
Two types of jigs are there1. Hooper’s Duplicator – Having 3
Jectron Jig – Having 2 pillars.
Chair Side Procedure
The method makes use of acrylic that
could be added to the denture & allowed to
set in the mouth to produce instant
Disadvantages Material produces a chemical burn in oral
Material is porous & develops a bad odour.
Poor color stability.
Material is not easy to remove if not placed
Now-a-days Visible light cure resin is used.
Conclusion :Each of the method can produce
satisfactorily result. Impression materials
include both auto polymerizing resin & tissue
conditioners. Success depends on both
clinical & laboratory skills of the operators.
Choice of treatment whether to perform
relining or rebasing depends on the condition
Boucher's Prosthodontic Treatment
for Edentulous Patients.
Essentials of Complete Denture
Prosthodontics by Sheldon Winkler.