National Youth Policy: Indonesia


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Presented at UNESCO Indonesia's Youth Consultation Meeting with Youth Leaders & Youth-led Organizations in Jakarta

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National Youth Policy: Indonesia

  1. 1. National Youth Policy The Idea, Status, and Our Roles By: Indonesian Future Leaders
  2. 2. National Youth Policy MapNational Youth Policies [January 2013] 198 countries, 99 (50%) have a current youthBlue: NYP exists; policy. A further 56 (28%) are revising theirGreen: NYP under revision; existing or, in a few cases, developing theirGrey: no NYP first national youth policy. A total of 43 statesSource: (22%) has no youth policy (yet). 2
  3. 3. What is National Youth Policy?A national youth policy is a policy written and owned by a country –government, young people and other key stakeholders.It demonstrates that country’s commitment to, and strategic directionsfor, promoting and progressing the wellbeing and participation ofyoung people. Ideally, it has a vision and objectives to createopportunities for young people to become ‘skilled, healthy andproductive members of society’; and specific strategies to translatepolicy into action. (Investing in Youth Policy) Why?1.  Youth policy makes economic sense2.  Youth policy brings sectors together3.  Youth policy drives priority issues4.  Youth policy creates successful programmes5.  Youth policy supports and commits to young people6.  Youth policy honours regional and international agreements 3
  4. 4. World Programme of Action for Youth (WPAY): UU. No. 40 Tahun 2009 TentangArea 1 Education KepemudaanArea 2 Employment 1.  Pelayanan KepemudaanArea 3 Hunger and poverty 2.  Tugas dan tanggungjawab pemerintahArea 4 Health 3.  Peran, tanggungjawab, dan HakArea 5 Environment 4.  Pemberdayaan pemuda: kepemimpinan,Area 6 Drug abuse kewirausahaan, kepeloporan.Area 7 Juvenile delinquency 5.  Organisasi kepemudaanArea 8 Leisure-time activitiesArea 9 Girls and young womenArea 10 Full and effective participationArea 11 GlobalizationArea 12 Information and communication technologiesArea 13 HIV/AIDSArea 14 Youth and conflict preventionArea 15 Intergenerational relations 4
  5. 5. Pernyataan Menpora (16/1):Alokasi anggaran tahun 2013 senilaiRp 1.956.679.418.000,1.  Untuk bidang kepemudaan akan ada: Fasilitasi kepada 5.000 wirausaha muda dengan asumsi target 10 persen menjadi wirausaha.2.  Pelaksanaan Program Sarjana Penggerak Pembangunan Perdesaan (PSP3) dengan jumlah 1.000 pemuda yang akan ditempatkan di 66 kabupaten/kota di 33 provinsi.3.  Pengembangan Kepramukaan, khususnya pemberdayaan Gugus Depan (Gudep), melalui bantuan pelaksanaan kegiatan kepada KWARNAS, 33 KWARDA dan 484 KWARCAB se-Indonesia. 5
  6. 6. Do you understand? Or do you just assume? 6
  7. 7. Means of implementation for National Youth Policy (WPAY)Reinforcing youth-related concerns in development activities can befacilitated through:q  The existence of multilevel mechanisms for consultation, dissemination of information, coordination, monitoring and evaluation. These should be cross-sectoral in nature and multidisciplinary in approach and should include the participation of youth-related departments and ministries, national non- governmental youth organizations and the private sector.q  Strengthening national capacities for data collection and dissemination of information, research and policy studies, planning, implementation and coordination, and training and advisory services.q  National coordinating mechanisms should be appropriately strengthened for integrated youth policies and programmes. Where such mechanisms do not exist, Governments are urged to promote their establishment on a multilevel and cross-sectoral basis. 7
  8. 8. “Youth policy is more than just a list of issues that should beincluded. It is also about methodology, target groups,stakeholders, budgets and so on” - Finn Yrjar Denstad Effective Requirementsq A clearly defined government authority on youth à coordinate the implementationq A clearly defined target group à who is youth?q A concrete and transparent strategyq A knowledge based policyq Young people as a resource not a problemq Promoting meaningful youth participationq A cross sectoral, integrated approach to youth policyq Inter ministerial cooperationq  A separate budgetq Establish link between international and national levels 8
  9. 9. LimitationsFor youth-led organizations inIndonesia to develop Legal/ Regulatory Framework Equal Meaningful engagement in access to decision opportunity & making resources process 9