@ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013@elaragonToward...
@ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Internet and po...
@ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Spanish users a...
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@ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Research questi...
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@ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Participation (...
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@ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Evolution of th...
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@ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Evolution of th...
@ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Evolution of th...
@ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Evolution of th...
@ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Evolution of th...
@ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Evolution of th...
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Spanish Indignados and the evolution of 15M: towards networked para-institutions

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Communication for the conference "Big Data: Challenges and Opportunities. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Internet, Law & Politics". Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Barcelona, 25-26 June, 2013. Barcelona: UOC

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Spanish Indignados and the evolution of 15M: towards networked para-institutions

  1. 1. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsSpanish indignadosand the evolution of #15M:T d k d i i iTowards networked para‐institutionsIsmael Peña‐LópezUniversitat Oberta deMariluz Congosto Universidad Carlos III dePablo AragónBarcelona Media FoundationUniversitat Oberta de CatalunyaUniversidad Carlos III de MadridBarcelona Media Foundation9th International Conference on Internet, Law & PoliticsBi D t Ch ll & O t itiBig Data: Challenges & OpportunitiesBarcelona, 25‐26 June, 2013
  2. 2. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Internet and politics@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsInternet and politics• Participation + Internet =p• More participation (Rainie, 2011; Christensen, 2011).• More extrarepresentative participation (Cantijoch, 2005).• Non‐participation + Internet = Participation, interest (Norris & Curtice, 2006; Borge & Cardenal, 2012• Change of values (Inglehart, 2008). • Change of paradigm (Sampedro, 2012). 2
  3. 3. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Spanish users and politics on the Internet@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsSpanish users and politics on the Internet• Political institutions use the Internet as usual (Criado & Martínez (Fuentes, 2009; Peña‐López, 2011).• People use critically the Internet for political purposes (Padró‐Solanet, 2010)• Very important role of Twitter in politics (Izquierdo Labella, 2012; Lotan et al., 2011). (• Emergent component of Twitter use in politics (Guadián Orta et al., 2012)3
  4. 4. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013The indignados movement: 15M 12M15M 29S@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsThe indignados movement: 15M, 12M15M, 29S• Indignados: young, digitally competent, politically competent, g y g, g y p , p y p ,left‐wing bias, not trusting institutions (Anduiza, Cristancho & Sabucedo, 2012; Anduiza, Martín & Mateos, 2012).• Decentralized structure, coalitions of smaller organizations (González‐Bailón et al., 2011).• Hybridization of the virtual‐urban space (Martínez Roldán, 2011; Castells, 2012). 4
  5. 5. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Research questions@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsResearch questions• What are the characteristics of the movement?• How did it evolve?• How did it set relationships with other organizations/institutions?• What is the inner and outer structure of the movement?5
  6. 6. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Hypotheses@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsHypotheses• H1: Extra‐representative movements are initiated by gathering a critical mass on social networking sites and evolve, on the outside, into a para‐institution, while they keep an emergent and decentralized network‐like structure on the inside.• H2: Unlike institutions, that have a usually exclusive membership, citizen networks create para‐institutions that share members among them.• H3: The dialogue between political institutions and network para‐institutions is weak, but existing, and concentrates on the left‐side of the political arena.• H4: When dialogue is non‐existing, mass media act as the channel through which political institutions (normally on the right) and network para‐institutions speak with each hother.• H5: Dialogue and lack of tension smoothes online participation. Lack of dialogue and 6tension sparks participation and boosts it beyond representational participation
  7. 7. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Methodology@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsMethodology• Three phases: 15 May 2011 (15M); first anniversary and the global movement of 12 May 2012 (12M15M); events of 25 September 2012 (25S).• Monitoring of words on Twitter: 3 4M tweets; 580 000 users• Monitoring of words on Twitter: 3.4M tweets; 580,000 users.• Categorization: gender, location, occupation, “tribe”, join.• Relationships based on RT: directed graphs.• Measurement of influence of tribes by connectivity through k‐core decomposition (Seidman, 1983; Kitsak et al., 2010).• Community detection through Louvain method (Blondel et al., 2008).7
  8. 8. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Participation (I/II)@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsParticipation (I/II)8
  9. 9. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Participation (II/II)@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsParticipation (II/II)9
  10. 10. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Characterization of the participants@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsCharacterization of the participants• Unbalanced men/women 100%/(but evolving towards balance), youngster, 19,12 17,12 14,7780%90%student, high educational level, involved with  47,8449,1260%70%Mediacommunications or technology, urban.55,240%50%Media Politicians Unions Activists• Evolves into a more typical  8,6521,29 24,3920%30%Activists profile liked with activism and labor unions. 17,0313,74 11,720%10%10• Spreads out of big cities.0%15M 12M15M 25SSelection of users grouped in tribes.
  11. 11. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Evolution of the movements: 15M (origin)@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsEvolution of the movements: 15M (origin)11
  12. 12. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Evolution of the movements: 15M (early)@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsEvolution of the movements: 15M (early)12
  13. 13. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Evolution of the movements: 15M (boom)@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsEvolution of the movements: 15M (boom)13
  14. 14. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Evolution of the movements: 15M (late)@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsEvolution of the movements: 15M (late)14
  15. 15. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Evolution of the movements: 25S (origin)@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsEvolution of the movements: 25S (origin)15
  16. 16. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Evolution of the movements: 25S (early)@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsEvolution of the movements: 25S (early)16
  17. 17. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Evolution of the movements: 25S (boom)@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsEvolution of the movements: 25S (boom)17
  18. 18. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Evolution of the movements: 25S (late)@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsEvolution of the movements: 25S (late)18
  19. 19. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Relationship 15M/25S vs institutional politics (I)@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsRelationship 15M/25S vs. institutional politics (I)19
  20. 20. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Relationship 15M/25S vs institutional politics (II)@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsRelationship 15M/25S vs. institutional politics (II)20Mention graph of the analysed groups in the 15M period. Note: The size corresponds to the in‐degree of the node.
  21. 21. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Relationship 15M/25S vs institutional politics (III)@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsRelationship 15M/25S vs. institutional politics (III)21Mention graph of the analysed groups in the 12M15M period. Note: The size corresponds to the in‐degree of the node.
  22. 22. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Relationship 15M/25S vs institutional politics (&IV)@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsRelationship 15M/25S vs. institutional politics (&IV)22Mention graph of the analysed groups in the 25S period. Note: The size corresponds to the in‐degree of the node.
  23. 23. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Conclusions (I)@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsConclusions (I)• Strong bound between online and offline.g• Movements are para‐institutions: institutions on the outside, horizontal and decentralized constructs on the inside.• The movement survives despite evolution of core and rotation of members.23
  24. 24. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013Conclusions (&II)@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsConclusions (&II)• Close resonance with similar movements.• Close relationship with ideologically similar institutions.• Difficult relationship with other institutions.• New relationships with media.• The role of media as intermediators between movement and other institutions.• Advancement of extra‐representative participation.24
  25. 25. @ictlogist@congostoSpanish indignados and the evolution of #15M:Towards networked para‐institutions#IDP2013@elaragonTowards networked para institutionsBarcelona June 26 2013 9th International Conference on Internet Law & PoliticsBarcelona, June 26, 2013. 9th International Conference on Internet, Law & Politics.To cite this work:Peña‐López, I., Congosto, M. & Aragón, P. (2013). “Spanish Indignados and the evolution of 15M: towards networked para‐institutions”. In Balcells, J., Cerrillo i Martínez, A., Peguera, M., Peña‐López, I., Pifarré de Moner, M.J. & Vilasau, M. (Coords.), Big Data: Challenges and Opportunities. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Internet Law & Politics Universitat Oberta de Catalunyathe 9th International Conference on Internet, Law & Politics. Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Barcelona, 25‐26 June, 2013. Barcelona: UOC.Full paper and slides: http://w.ictlogy.net/2450p p p // gy /Bibliography: http://b.ictlogy.net/85Hi‐res images: http://www.barriblog.com/idp2013To contact the authors:http://ictlogy.nethttp://barriblog.comhttp://elaragon.wordpress.com All the information in this document under aCreative Commons license:Attribution – Non Commercial – No Derivative Works25Attribution  Non Commercial  No Derivative WorksMore information please visithttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by‐nc‐nd/2.5 / 

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