Welcome to the 2010 Health and Safety on Mission Series<br />Produced by the Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict ...
 Personal and family health
 Professional satisfaction
 Safety and security while on mission</li></li></ul><li>Security on Mission:<br />How to Survive a Kidnapping<br />11 May ...
Security on Mission: How to Survive a Kidnapping<br />Live Web Discussion - 11 May 2010<br />Mr. Claude Bruderlein<br />Di...
Security on Mission: How to Survive a Kidnapping<br />Live Web Discussion - 11 May 2010<br />This discussion will address ...
Review of commonly held beliefs surrounding kidnapping
Discussion with Stuart Groves, Senior Operations Officer, Division of Regional Operations, United Nations Department of Sa...
Discussion of professional-level reactions to the real threat of kidnapping: what do we as a professional community need t...
   Overview<br />adapted from Hostage Survival Skills, Major PJ Murphyhttp://www.nato.int/docu/colloq/w970707/p6.pdf<br />...
Military and paramilitary
Terrorists
Criminals
Emotionally distraught
Motivation
Financial
Political
Situational (bargaining)</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Types of Hostage Situations
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2010.05.11 Security on Mission: How to Survive a Kidnapping

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The purpose of this Live Web Seminar was to discuss preventive and mitigation strategies with humanitarian professionals who may face the risk of being kidnapped on mission. Drawing from experts in this field, Dr. Stephen Morris and Claude Bruderlein reviewed the potentially traumatic implications of such tragedy and allowed participants to share their views.

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2010.05.11 Security on Mission: How to Survive a Kidnapping

  1. 1. Welcome to the 2010 Health and Safety on Mission Series<br />Produced by the Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research<br />Webcast directly from Harvard University<br />Bringing in guest speakers from around the world<br />Purpose: To promote information exchange and discussion among humanitarian professionals and to address their unique needs with an emphasis on:<br /><ul><li> Personal wellbeing
  2. 2. Personal and family health
  3. 3. Professional satisfaction
  4. 4. Safety and security while on mission</li></li></ul><li>Security on Mission:<br />How to Survive a Kidnapping<br />11 May 2010<br />
  5. 5. Security on Mission: How to Survive a Kidnapping<br />Live Web Discussion - 11 May 2010<br />Mr. Claude Bruderlein<br />Director<br /> Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research at Harvard University<br /> Dr. Stephen Morris<br />International Emergency Medicine Fellow Clinical Instructor at Brigham and Women's Hospital at<br /> Harvard Medical School<br /> Ms. Elizabeth Holland<br /> Program Associate <br /> Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research at Harvard University <br />
  6. 6. Security on Mission: How to Survive a Kidnapping<br />Live Web Discussion - 11 May 2010<br />This discussion will address the prevention and mitigation of kidnapping and will include a panel of seasoned operators and experts on this issue. The hosts and panelists will explore the causes, risks, and consequences of kidnapping for humanitarian professionals.<br /><ul><li>Overview of definitions and circumstances of kidnapping of humanitarian workers
  7. 7. Review of commonly held beliefs surrounding kidnapping
  8. 8. Discussion with Stuart Groves, Senior Operations Officer, Division of Regional Operations, United Nations Department of Safety and Security
  9. 9. Discussion of professional-level reactions to the real threat of kidnapping: what do we as a professional community need to do with regard to this problem?</li></li></ul><li>Dr. Stephen Morris is currently the Harvard International Emergency Medicine Fellow and a Clinical Instructor of Emergency Medicine at Harvard Medical School. Stephen’s clinical training took place at the University of Washington School of Medicine in Seattle, WA, and at Yale Emergency Medicine in New Haven, CT.<br />Stephen has worked in a variety of clinical and public health programs around the world, as well as education and development programs in the Americas, research in Africa and Asia, and policy and management work with the World Health Organization. He has experience in post-conflict and post-disaster settings, mostly recently as the acting medical director of a field hospital in Haiti.<br />
  10. 10. Overview<br />adapted from Hostage Survival Skills, Major PJ Murphyhttp://www.nato.int/docu/colloq/w970707/p6.pdf<br /><ul><li>Types of Hostage Takers
  11. 11. Military and paramilitary
  12. 12. Terrorists
  13. 13. Criminals
  14. 14. Emotionally distraught
  15. 15. Motivation
  16. 16. Financial
  17. 17. Political
  18. 18. Situational (bargaining)</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Types of Hostage Situations
  19. 19. Barricade-people held in a place or building with hostage takers
  20. 20. Containment-groups of people are prevented by force from moving
  21. 21. Human Shields- hostages are placed in harms way to prevent attack by another force
  22. 22. Kidnapping- people are captured and held in exchange for something </li></ul> Overview<br />
  23. 23. Overview<br /><ul><li>Stages of Kidnapping
  24. 24. Planning and surveillance
  25. 25. Attack (kidnapping begins)
  26. 26. Movement (maybe repeated)
  27. 27. Captivity
  28. 28. Release
  29. 29. Possible relationship between captive and captors
  30. 30. Physical restraint and sensory deprivation
  31. 31. Mental cruelly
  32. 32. Interrogation
  33. 33. Indoctrination
  34. 34. Abuse
  35. 35. Convivial relationship</li></li></ul><li> Overview<br /><ul><li>Stages of Adaption to Captivity
  36. 36. Startle and panic (minutes)
  37. 37. Disbelief (minutes to hours)
  38. 38. Hyper vigilance and anxiety (hours to days)
  39. 39. Resistance / compliance (days to weeks)
  40. 40. Depression and despair (weeks to months)
  41. 41. Gradual acceptance (months to years)
  42. 42. Emotional Reaction
  43. 43. Shock and panic- unclear thinking
  44. 44. Anger and emotional liability
  45. 45. Affects of stress on well being and health</li></li></ul><li> Overview<br /><ul><li>Risk Periods
  46. 46. Initial phase: high levels of instability of captors
  47. 47. Movement: security risk for captors
  48. 48. Captor resistance: increased risk of bad outcome
  49. 49. Release: possible armed event and violence, release to alternative captive situation</li></li></ul><li> Overview<br /><ul><li>Survival Techniques
  50. 50. Repress unclear thinking of initial reactions: remain calm and composed
  51. 51. Maintain a quiet and unprovocativeattitude
  52. 52. Establish yourself as a person and individual
  53. 53. Follow the rules given to you, as well as you can
  54. 54. Avoid undue exchange of information
  55. 55. Win the respect of your captors
  56. 56. Set goals and keep objectives in mind
  57. 57. Attempt to maintain control of your environment </li></li></ul><li> Overview<br /><ul><li>Survival Techniques continued</li></ul>- Keep your mind active<br /><ul><li> Attempt to understand your captors
  58. 58. Attempt to be lighthearted, use humor if possible
  59. 59. Take care of yourself: eat and exercise
  60. 60. Keep hope alive
  61. 61. Utilize stress management / relaxation techniques
  62. 62. Accept what is outside of your control
  63. 63. Be tolerant</li></li></ul><li> Overview<br /><ul><li>After Kidnapping Event
  64. 64. Avoid comments to media prior to debriefing and period of reflection
  65. 65. Actively participate in recovery opportunities
  66. 66. Engage in support and community
  67. 67. Recognize reactions in need of professional assistance </li></li></ul><li>Stuart Groves, Senior Operations Officer for the United Nations Department of Safety and Security was until recently the Senior Security Manager with the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, having started with them in Burundi in 1996 following a 36 year career with the Canadian Army. <br />Since then he has seen mission service in all major areas of UN activity world wide. He led the UN internal investigation into the Canal Hotel bombing in Baghdad and was a member of the Secretary-General’s Security Accountability panel. He was an active member of the steering group of the UN security network which developed global security policy and procedures. Mr. Groves is a graduate of Military staff colleges in Canada, Norway, and the United States; the year long Canadian National Security Studies course; and the UN Hostage Incident Managers course. He also holds an MBA and an MSc in Security Management.<br />
  68. 68. Question and Answer<br />
  69. 69. HostsClaude BruderleinStephen MorrisProducerElizabeth HollandTechnical DirectorJames BrockmanProduction TeamChristina Blunt Cecil HaverkampAnaïde NahikianDustin Lewis<br />
  70. 70. If you are interested in participating in the ongoing global research survey on the <br /> <br />Safety, Security, and Well-Being of <br />Humanitarian Professionals<br /> <br />please visit <br />http://tinyurl.com/3357j47<br /> <br />The survey is part of HPCR's broader research program based at the Harvard School of Public Health, and will be open until <br />15 May 2010<br />
  71. 71. The Health and Safety on Mission Series<br />is produced by:<br />Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research (HPCR) <br />Harvard University School of Public Health<br />Sponsored by<br />For more information on this series, please contact:<br />hpcr@hsph.harvard.edu<br />

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