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Dengue fever doctor in mohali

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Dengue fever, also know as breakbone fever, is an acute communicable disease caused by virus.
Infectious agent: Dengue viruses (categorize into types 1,2,3,4)

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Dengue fever doctor in mohali

  1. 1. 1 Holy Basil Mediclinic Fastest growing chain of Mediclinics Mohali, Kharar, Morinda, Chunni
  2. 2. What is Dengue Fever? • Dengue fever, also know as breakbone fever, is an acute communicable disease caused by virus. • Infectious agent: Dengue viruses (categorize into types 1,2,3,4) 2
  3. 3. Vectors of Dengue Fever • Aedes aegypti • Aedes albopictus 3
  4. 4. Habitual Behaviour of Aedes Albopictus (1) • Usually breed in stagnant water • Usually active in dark or shaded places outdoors, but indoor activity is also possible • Eggs of Aedes aegypti can live without water for more then one year 4
  5. 5. Habitual Behaviour of Aedes Albopictus (2) • Female mosquitoes feed on human blood. • They are most active 2 hours before sunset (around 5pm to 6pm) and at around 8am to 9am. • Where do they sting? Outdoors and indoors. 5
  6. 6. How long eggs of Aedes takes to become adult Mosquito? • Dengue vector takes one week to become adult from egg. 6
  7. 7. What is the average life span of an adult Aedes? • The life span for adult mosquitoes is around three weeks. 7
  8. 8. Dengue cases this year • India: Approx 15000 cases and 30 deaths • Punjab:Approx 50 cases and 0 deaths • Government data, cases will be much more as some cases not notified 8
  9. 9. Transmission 9 Infected person Healthy person Infected mosquito Incubation Period: 3 to 14 days Most commonly 4 to 7 days
  10. 10. PERIOD OF COMMUNICABILITY • Infected person with Dengue becomes infective to mosquitoes 6 to 12 hours before the onset of the disease and remains so upto 3 to 5 days. 10
  11. 11. 11 Types Classical dengue Dengue haemorrhagic fever
  12. 12. Symptoms of Classical Dengue (1) • Fever: continuous for 3 to 5 days • Severe headache • Painful limbs, joint pain, muscle pain, back pain, pain behind eyeballs 12
  13. 13. Symptoms of Classical Dengue (2) •Rash appears on the 3rd to 4th day after onset. •Nausea, vomiting. •Slight gum bleeding and nasal bleeding. •Extreme fatigue and depression may follow recovery. • In very rare cases, the condition may worsen into dengue haemorrhagic fever, leading to haemorrhage, shock or even death. 13
  14. 14. Treatment (1) 14 • At present, there is no drug that can treat dengue fever effectively. Patients infected with classical dengue usually recovers in 1 to 2 weeks. • For serious cases, supportive treatments are provided by hospitals. • If you suspect that you have dengue fever, you should seek medical treatment promptly.
  15. 15. Treatment (2) • Wiping the body with warm water and proper use of anti-fever drugs that can relieve the fever. • Don’t take aspirin- containing drugs because they worsen the haemorrhage. 15
  16. 16. Protect Yourself against Dengue Fever As yet, there is no effective vaccine against dengue fever. Therefore, the best prevention is to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes by paying attention to the following: •Avoid staying in dark, outdoor places such as brushwood, pavilions or the shade of a tree during the hours when Aedes albopictus is active. 16
  17. 17. Control the Spread of Dengue Fever 17 Prevent the patient from being bitten by mosquitoes.
  18. 18. Prevention of Mosquito Bites 18 Avoid going out in the hours when Aedes albopictus feed or wear light-coloured, long-sleeved clothing and trousers.
  19. 19. Prevention of Mosquito Bites 19 •Apply DEET-containing mosquito-repellents over exposed parts of the body and clothes every 4 to 6 hours. •For DEET products used by children, its concentration should be less than 10%.
  20. 20. Prevention of Mosquito Bites 20 Your place of accommodation should have air-conditioners or mosquito nets. Otherwise, hang mosquito screens around your bed, use insecticides or coil incenses to repel mosquitoes.
  21. 21. Prevention of Mosquito Bites 21 Install mosquito nets to doors and windows so that mosquitoes can’t get in.
  22. 22. Elimination of Mosquitoes 22 The most effective way to eliminate mosquitoes is to keep the environment clean and to remove stagnant water so that mosquitoes can’t breed.
  23. 23. Possible Breeding Grounds of Aedes Albopictus (1) 23 Artificial containers: Vases, saucers underneath flower pots, trays underneath air-conditioners, buckets, jars and jugs of earthenware, cement troughs, dumped tyres and solid wastes such as cans, disposable cups and bowls, and plastic bags.
  24. 24. Possible Breeding Grounds of Aedes Albopictus (2) Natural containers: The hollow space inside a bamboo, hollows of a tree and the rachis of a leaf. 24
  25. 25. Elimination of Mosquitoes 25 Cover water containers tightly so that mosquitoes can’t get in to lay eggs.
  26. 26. Elimination of Mosquitoes 26 • Dispose of domestic wastes properly to prevent the accumulation of stagnant water. • Dispose of empty bottles, cans and lunchboxes properly, such as into a covered bin.
  27. 27. Elimination of Mosquitoes 27 •Change water for vases and aquatic plants at least once a week, leaving no water under the pots or in the bottom saucers. •Scrub the container surfaces thoroughly to prevent mosquito eggs sticking on them.
  28. 28. Elimination of Mosquitoes 28 Remove or puncture any dumped tyres to prevent the accumulation of stagnant water.
  29. 29. Elimination of Mosquitoes 29 Ditches should be free from blockage.
  30. 30. Elimination of Mosquitoes 30 Fill up uneven ground surfaces to prevent the accumulation of stagnant water.
  31. 31. Elimination of Mosquitoes 31 Remove stagnant water immediately if mosquitoes are found to be breeding. Use environmentally friendly insecticides such as lavicidal oil if necessary.
  32. 32. Elimination of Mosquitoes 32 In cultivation ponds, water tanks or large containers, biological controls such as keeping fishes to eat mosquito larvae would be a good option.
  33. 33. See Doctor Immediately 33 •Having been bitten by a mosquito and displaying symptoms of dengue fever afterwards •Falling ill, especially having a fever within one month after you have returned from abroad
  34. 34. If you suspect that you have dengue fever, the most important thing to do is to see a doctor. 34
  35. 35. Let’s remove stagnant water and eliminate mosquitoes 35
  36. 36. 36

Dengue fever, also know as breakbone fever, is an acute communicable disease caused by virus. Infectious agent: Dengue viruses (categorize into types 1,2,3,4)

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