How to Prevent & Control Dengue Fever

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Dengue, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), is the most rapidly spreading mosquito-borne viral disease in the world. It infects between 50 million and 100 million people annually, with 500,000 cases of the more severe infection known as dengue hemorrhagic fever. It causes 22,000 deaths every year, mainly children and young adults.

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How to Prevent & Control Dengue Fever

  1. 1.  How to Prevent & Control Dengue Fever<br />Is Dengue a Fatal Disease? ….<br /> Yes, …. but don’t press the panic button! It CAN be controlled and treated if handled properly.<br />‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  2. 2. Overview<br />It is nicknamed break-bone fever<br />About 50-100 million infections world wide every year.<br />Dengue fever is passed by infected female Aedes Aegypti mosquitoes. <br />It gets under your skin and into your blood.<br />Dengue is caused by flaviviruses. <br />‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  3. 3. Aedes Mosquito<br />Aedes Aegypti<br />AedesAlbopictus<br />‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  4. 4. Symptoms of Dengue Fever<br />‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  5. 5. Symptoms of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever<br />‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  6. 6. Do you know…<br />The mosquito is attracted by the body odours, carbon dioxide and heat emitted from the animal or humans.<br />Aedes are day-biters, most active during dawn and dusk.<br />‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  7. 7. How Aedes Mosquitoes Transmit Diseases...<br />Mosquito bites an infected person<br />Infected Mosquito bites healthy person<br />Healthy person comes down with dengue fever<br />‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  8. 8. This is what you can do to help…<br />‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  9. 9. Prevent Mosquitoes from Breeding!<br /><ul><li>Remove ALL sources of stagnant water.
  10. 10. Deny the Aedesmosquito of any chance to breed.</li></ul>‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  11. 11. Potential Mosquito Breeding Grounds<br />‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  12. 12. Usual Breeding Grounds<br />‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  13. 13. Unusual Breeding Grounds<br />‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  14. 14. Mosquito Wipe-Out Checks<br /><ul><li>Remove air conditioner tray
  15. 15. Redirect water from air conditioner to bathroom</li></ul>Every Other Day<br /><ul><li>Change water in flower vases
  16. 16. Remove water from flowerpot plates</li></ul>‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  17. 17. Mosquito Wipe-Out Checks<br />Once A Week<br /><ul><li>Clear fallen leaves in drains & gardens
  18. 18. Remove Stagnant water collected on trees & in drains</li></ul>‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  19. 19. Mosquito Wipe-Out Checks<br />Once A Month<br /><ul><li>Clear Blockages & put Bti insecticide in roof gutters
  20. 20. Add sand granular or Bti insecticide to places where stagnant water is unavoidable</li></ul>‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  21. 21. Mosquito Wipe-Out Checks<br />When Not in Use<br /><ul><li>Turn over all pails & water storage containers
  22. 22. Cover rarely used gully traps or install anti-mosquito valves
  23. 23. Cover all containers that are being used to store water</li></ul>‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  24. 24. Mosquito Wipe-Out Checks<br />If you are Vacating your Home or away on Holiday<br /><ul><li>Cover the toilet bowls
  25. 25. Seal off the overflow pipe of the flushing cistern
  26. 26. Cover all gully & floor traps</li></ul>‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  27. 27. How to Prevent Mosquitoes Bites<br />Wear shoes, socks, long pants and long-sleeved shirt<br />Use mosquito repellents<br />‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  28. 28. How to Prevent Mosquitoes Bites<br />Mosquito coils<br />Mosquito nets<br />‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  29. 29. Do & Don’ts for Dengue Patients<br />‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  30. 30. Do’s for Dengue Patients<br />Adequate Fluid Intake( More than 5 glasses of plain water per day & Soups, Milk, Fruit juices, Oral Rehydration salt solution, Barley water)<br />Adequate Bed Rest<br />‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  31. 31. Do’s for Dengue Patients<br />Take Paracetamol (no more than 4g per day)<br />Rest under mosquito net evenduring during day<br />Tepid Sponging Fans to be used<br />‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  32. 32. Don’ts for Dengue Patients<br />Don’t take NSAIDs e.g aspirin, brufen, ibobrufen<br />Antibiotics are not required<br />Do not wait in case symptoms of dengue appear. <br />‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />
  33. 33. Prevention is Better than Cure<br />‘Courtesy: www. TopDoctorsOnline.com’<br />

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