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Matthew Hammond - Digital History 14 May 2013

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Matthew Hammond - Digital History 14 May 2013

  1. 1. The People of Medieval Scotlanddatabase: structure, prosopographyand network visualisationMatthew HammondUniversity of Glasgow
  2. 2. Today’s Seminar1) Behind the scenes of the PoMS database: thetransactional model of factoid prosopography2) A glance at the prosopography of the Peopleof Medieval Scotland database3) Visualising Interactions: user interface andPoMS ‘Labs’4) New Directions: the Leverhulme project
  3. 3. Part OneBehind the scenes
  4. 4. The PoMS database
  5. 5. Print prosopography: PLRE• Records biographical details about a person’s life• Martindale’s Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire:• Eucherius 4 (v.inl. 470)– Of noble birth; Sid. Ap. Ep. III 8.2.– Addressee of a letter from Sidonious Apollinaris praising him as one to whomthe Roman state owed much for his military activities without havingrewarded him; Sid. Ap. Ep. III 8 (facile clarescit rempublicam morari beneficiavos mereri) (the date is unknown, but the circumstances to which Sidoniusalludes in this letter may have been the attacks by the Visigoths in 471/474).– VIR INLVSTRIS: he and Pannychius were inlustres; Sid. Ap. Ep. VII 9.18 (writtenin 470).– He was apparently a candidate for the bishopric of Bourges in 470, but wasineligible since he was twice married and so excluded by the canons; Sid. Ap.Ep. VII 9.18.– He was an enemy of Victorius 4 who had him imprisoned and then murdered;Greg. Tur. HR II 20 (super Euchirium vero senatorem calumnias devolvit, sc.Victorius).
  6. 6. PBWFactoid types:
  7. 7. PBW
  8. 8. The ‘factoid model’ (John Bradley)
  9. 9. Factoid model (ultra-basic Hammondversion)PERSONSOURCE FACTOIDPLACE
  10. 10. PoMS document types(simplified categories)Agreements & SettlementsBrieves & Brieve-chartersCharters & Charter/brievesDiplomasPapal documentsLettersInquests, instrumentsNotificationsMemoranda, notitia, rubrics
  11. 11. PoMS factoid types (authority lists)• TRANSACTIONS– ROLES of PERSONS in TRANSACTIONS– Intersection of DOCUMENT TYPE & TRANSACTION• POSSESSIONS & PRIVILEGES• BROWSING THE FACTOIDS (faceted browser)– TRANSACTION FACET• Includes POSSESSIONS and PRIVILEGES– TERMS OF TENURE
  12. 12. PoMS transaction types (-1286)GiftsGrants of propertyConcessionsConfirmationsRenewalsSuccessionsSalesQuitclaims/ resignationsLeaseAgreementsSettlementsCommandsStatementsInquestsObligationsAppointmentsOther14,112 transactions (now 16,056)
  13. 13. What kind of people appear in atransaction? (Roles)• Grantor• Beneficiary• Addressor• Addressee• Consentor• Pro anima people• Previous holder/ grantor• Witnesses
  14. 14. Roles
  15. 15. PoMS factoid types (authority lists)• TRANSACTIONS– ROLES of PERSONS in TRANSACTIONS– Intersection of DOCUMENT TYPE & TRANSACTION• POSSESSIONS & PRIVILEGES• BROWSING THE FACTOIDS (faceted browser)– TRANSACTION FACET• Includes POSSESSIONS and PRIVILEGES– TERMS OF TENURE
  16. 16. Brieve (writ)KING EARLSHERIFFSWORN MANTransaction:forbidsanyone fromdisturbingmonks whiletaking fuel inhis wood
  17. 17. (SECONDARY TRANSACTIONS)Agreement (chirograph)PARTY 1 PARTY 2PRIMARY TRANSACTION: AGREEMENT BETWEEN A & BP1 gives Xto P2P2 gives Yto P1Witnesses to primary transaction (agreement)
  18. 18. Charter (gift)TRANSACTION: GIFT OF LOCAL CHURCH TOMONASTERYGRANTOR(LANDHOLDER)WITNESSESBENEFICIARY(MONASTERY)CONSENTOR(e.g., spouse orheir)PRO ANIMAPEOPLE
  19. 19. RenewalSECONDARYTRANSACTION: GIFT OFLANDS BY LANDHOLDER(e.g. Knight)PRIMARY TRANSACTION: RENEWAL OF GIFT(S)GRANTOR (e.g.,KING, POPE)BENEFICIARY(MONASTERY)WITNESSESSECONDARYTRANSACTION:CONFIRMATION OF GIFTBY LORD (e.g. Earl)GRANTORS
  20. 20. PoMS factoid types (authority lists)• TRANSACTIONS– ROLES of PERSONS in TRANSACTIONS– Intersection of DOCUMENT TYPE & TRANSACTION• POSSESSIONS & PRIVILEGES• BROWSING THE FACTOIDS (faceted browser)– TRANSACTION FACET• Includes POSSESSIONS and PRIVILEGES– TERMS OF TENURE
  21. 21. TRANSACTIONS(facetedbrowser)
  22. 22. TERMS OFTENURE(facetedbrowser)
  23. 23. PoMS: possessions & privileges
  24. 24. Relationship types
  25. 25. A charter manuscriptWilliam Comyn, the clerk and prior and convent of St Andrews, Easter 1234
  26. 26. St Andrews Liber, 260 (3/337/1)
  27. 27. Person Page Display
  28. 28. Part TwoA glance at the prosopographyof the People of MedievalScotland database
  29. 29. Edinburgh: 160Stirling113Roxburgh: 72Scone: 67Perth89Forfar 83Selkirk 57Berwick 36Dunfermline 43St Andrews 42Traquair 37Jedburgh 34Kelso 32Kinghorn 25Haddington 34Ayr 11Lanark21Dumfries 6Aberdeen 24Montrose 23Glasgow 22Arbroath 18Paisley 17Alyth 11Survival of charters ineast central zone:Place-dates
  30. 30. PoMS 2010 (1093-1286)MenWomenUnspecifiedInstitutionsPeople and Institutions
  31. 31. MenWomenUnspecifiedInstitutionsPoMS 2012 (1093-1314))People and Institutions
  32. 32. Top 11 personal namesWilliamRobertJohnRichardAdamWalterThomasHughHenryRalphRogerOther Names
  33. 33. Top Forty Personal Names (-1286)• Individuals1. William/ Guillaume 13762. Robert 8583. John 8174. Richard 5765. Adam 5006. Walter 4587. Thomas 4268. Hugh / Hugo 3609. Henry 35410. =Ralph / Raoul 28710. = Roger 28712. Gilbert 26813. Simon 24714. Alan 22415. Alexander 20916. Peter / Piers 18417. Geoffrey 17918. Patrick 16919. = Nicholas 15219. = David 15221. Malcolm / Máel Coluim 12722. Andrew 12423. Duncan / Donnchad 11724. = Michael 11124. = Stephen 11126. Reginald / Reynaud 10827. Elias 9028. Philip 8729. Matthew 7530. Gilchrist / Gilla Críst 6731. = Maurice 6531. = Waltheof/ Waldef 6533. Laurence 6234. James / Jacques 6135. Uhtred 6036. = Gregory 5036. = Edward 5038. Bernard 4939. Matilda 4840. Ranulf 47
  34. 34. Top 20 women’s names1. Matilda 482. Margaret 403. Alice 294. Agnes 285. Christiana 25-296. Ada 257. Isabel 208. Cecily/ Cecilia 199. Mary 1910. Emma 1711. Marjory 1712. Helen 1613. Amabilla 1614. Christina 15-1915. Joan 1216. Sybil 1017. Mariota 918. Juliana 819. Eda 820. Euphemia 721. Beatrice 7
  35. 35. The frequency of names (PoMS 2010)1x2x3x4x5x6-10x11-15x16-20x21-99x100+x
  36. 36. Part ThreeVisualising Interactions: userinterface and Poms ‘Labs’
  37. 37. Dynamic Connections Cloud
  38. 38. Dynamic Connections Cloud
  39. 39. Dynamic Connections Chain
  40. 40. King William I & Scone Abbey
  41. 41. Relationships Explorer
  42. 42. Relationships Explorer
  43. 43. Popularity Tag Cloud- Size of name based onnumber of factoids associatedwith them-can click on name to take youto person page
  44. 44. Transactions and Witnesses
  45. 45. Transactions and Witnesses
  46. 46. Transactions and WitnessesCan centre around Person or Transaction
  47. 47. Part FourNew directions: theLeverhulme project
  48. 48. The Transformation of Gaelic Scotlandin the 12th & 13th centuries• Funded by the Leverhulme Trust, 2013-16• Project team: Dauvit Broun, John Bradley,Matthew Hammond, Neil Jakeman, SNAperson• Development of further network analysis,visualization, and mapping tools to betterunderstand the Poms set of data
  49. 49. Mapping facility: PASE Domesday
  50. 50. Potential geographical analysis in Poms• Information about place attached to the followingentities:– Locative Surnames (Person Page)• Scottish places (Douglas, Ogilvie, Leslie)• English places (Lindsey, Ramsey, Berkeley)• French places (Brix [Bruce], Morville, Bailleul [Balliol])– Titles (bishop of St Andrews, earl of Fife)– Documents (place-dates of charters)– Possessions & privileges• Land• Parish church• Right of patronage of church• Permission to take wood in forest of Edzell
  51. 51. Network visualization potential• Explicitly defined relationships– 18,956 relationship factoids in PoMS– 191 types of relationship falling into threecategories:• Familial relationships• Employment relationships• Tenurial and lordship relationships• Implicitly defined relationships/ connections– E.g., witnesses to same charters of same person
  52. 52. Thank You.

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