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“The Best Mechanical Paper in the World”: Scientific
American, Reprinting, & the Circulation of Popular
Science in Nineteenth-Century Newspapers
Ryan Cordell | @ryancordell | ryancordell.org | viraltexts.org
Scientific American
New Series,Vol. 1
Cover (1859)
Scientific American
Vol. 2, No. 1
(26 Sep. 1846)
C19 Newspapers
http://loveletter.viraltexts.org
Scientific American
Vol. 19, no. 19
4 November 1868
Viral Texts Project
Find widely-reprinted texts. I don’t know what they were.
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Por tho Wntclitnan nml Journal.
IIE.MtV CI.A.Y IlKOr.IVINO TIIK KEWS OP
HIM lUCI.'liAT.
ltr Mm ruzA n. pAitionit
" A nuinbr-r of friends wlict united on Mr. Cliy a few days
since, tci make known In him tho result of tho election, w ere astonished
Hint ho received tho result wilha dejree ef elitfifUl-ncss
almost nmnuntiiig In nlon.ure.
Why, friends,' smd Mr. Ohy, 'It would ho ridiculous
lous for in" tn say I do not feci disappointed i hot 1 lol so
chiefly for you und for my country j ns regards myself, I inn relieved
Trom a load of inula)-. I liolo hei n wlllinj In servo my
country men Willi my life. I nlloivnl my name to ho li.ed In
tho lato rontf.t Ini'au-o It was liniinimonsljr called for, for the
sako of tho I'nion, and I am con.ult'd hy Iho Inct, that I hnvo
been supported oy mo piitiinusni nuu minjigvnMi ui ,ni
VermontWatchman & State Journal 1845-02-28
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her majesty deares to congratulate the president upon the
successful completion of this great intern 1 lions work
the ueen desires to congratulate the p esident upon the
successful completion of the gre it internaliooal work
the queen deiirea to congratulate the president upon the
euccetwfal completion of thia great inter tatioral work
1
2
3
Index of 5-grams
her majesty deares to congratulate: 1
majesty deares to congratulate the: 1
deares to congratulate the president: 1
her majesty deares to congratulate the president upon the
successful completion of this great intern 1 lions work
the ueen desires to congratulate the p esident upon the
successful completion of the gre it internaliooal work
the queen deiirea to congratulate the president upon the
euccetwfal completion of thia great inter tatioral work
1
2
3
Index of 5-grams
to congratulate the president upon: 1, 3
congratulate the president upon the: 1, 3
upon the successful completion of: 1, 2
presidents message fellow oihimi of ttu seine nd routt of
rprtitntatxtm throughout th yr lino our last meet ing th
oountry has been eminently pros perou
presidents message ftuov citiztni f iki sttitu and houm of
eeprettntativti throughout the year since our laat meat
log the conntry has been eminently prosperous
presidents message fcuow t li tus of he fs mitt and house
of jleprrscnhitim throughout tho year since our meeting
tho country bus been eminently prosperous
message or the president of the united states throughout
the year since our last meeting thocountry has been
eminently prosperous
1860-12-06
Fremont
journal
1860-12-06
Cleveland
morning
leader
1860-12-14
The Athens
post
1860-12-15
Columbia
Democrat &
Bloomsburg
general
advertiser
soft answer ny t s arthur ill give him law to his hearts
content the scoundrel said mr singleton walking backwards
and forwards
soft aasffch bv t s arthuit 1 4 ill give him law to his
hearts coii ent fhe scoundrel said mr single on walking
backwards and forwards
soft answer by t s arthur ill ffive him inw to his hearts
content the scoundrel said singleton walking bick ward and
forward
soft answer ey t s arthur ill give him law to his hearts
content the scoundrep said singleton walking backward and
forward
1841-04-17
Sunbury
American
1847-02-05
Anti-
slavery
bugle
1847-05-04
Somerset
herald
1847-07-22
Vermont
watchman
Generic Exchange
Daily Gazette and Comet
Memphis Daily Appeal
Highland Weekly News
White Cloud Kansas Chief
The Louisiana Democrat
Marshall County Republican
Sumter Banner
The Old Guard
The Planters' Banner
Democratic Banner
Nashville Union
The Independent
Brownlow's Knoxville Whig
Middlebury People's Press
M'Arthur Democrat
Squatter Sovereign
Huntsman's Echo
Fayetteville Observer
New-York Daily Tribune
The Mountaineer
Dayton Daily Empire
Nebraska Advertiser
Fremont Journal
Rutland Herald
International Magazine of Literature, Art, and Science
Loudon Free Press
Polynesian
Gallipolis Journal
Perrysburg Journal
The Mountain Sentinel
Gazette and Sentinel
Anderson Intelligencer
Somerset Herald
Hannibal Journal
Athens Post
Scribner's Magazine
Holmes County Farmer
War of the Rebellion
Atlantic Monthly
The Century
Holmes County Republican
Scientific American
Houma Ceres
Wabash Express
Galaxy
North American Review
Sunbury American
Glasgow Weekly Times
Continental Monthly
Scribner's Monthly
Anti-Slavery Bugle
Woodstock Age
Ashtabula Weekly Telegraph
Daily Evening Star
Belmont Chronicle
Living Age
Burlington Free Press
American Missionary
St. Cloud Visiter
Harper's New Monthly Magazine
Indiana State Sentinel
Clarksville Chronicle
Randolph County Journal
Emporia News
Cleveland Morning Leader
Ottawa Free Trader
Dakota City Herald
Bay State Monthly
Winchester Home Journal
Punchinello
The Tiffin Tribune
Kansas Herald of Freedom
Freemen's Champion
Le Messager
Hannibal Journal
Dallas Herald
Staunton Spectator
The Weekly Arizonian
Marshall County Democrat
St. Cloud Democrat
Vermont Phoenix
The Alleghanian
Windham County Democrat
The Caledonian
Constitutional
Vermont Watchman
Keowee Courier
The Examiner
Fairfield Herald
Edgefield Advertiser
Jasper Weekly Courier
Red Wing Sentinel
American Review
Jeffersonian Republican
The Daily Dispatch
Western Reserve Chronicle
The Hancock Jeffersonian
Evening Star
Star of the North
Tri-Weekly Whig
Columbia Democrat
Lewisburg Chronicle
The Daily Press
The Jeffersonian Democrat
Raftsman's Journal
Clearfield Republican
Putnam's Monthly Magazine of American Literature, Science and Art
United States Democratic Review
Nashville Patriot
New England Magazine
Spirit of the Age
Plymouth Weekly Banner
Home Journal
Winchester Weekly Appeal
Sumter Banner
Democratic Banner
Brownlow's Knoxville Whig
Middlebury People's Press
F
New-York Daily Tribune
Nebraska Advertiser
Rutland Herald
Somerset Herald
Wabash Express
Sunbury American
Anti-Slav
Burlington Free Press
Indiana State Sentinel
Ottawa Free Trader
Dakota City Herald
Le Messager
Dallas Herald
Pacific Commercial Advertiser
Vermont Phoenix
The Caledonian
Vermont Watchman
Fairfield Herald
Edgefield Advertiser
Jeffersonian Republican
Columbia Democrat
Lewisburg Chronicle
Clearfield Republican
Memphis Daily Appeal
Highland Weekly News
White
Marshall County Republican
Nashville Union
M'Arthur Democrat
Squatter Sovereign
Fremont Journal
Polynesian
Gallipolis Journal
Athens Post
Scientific American
Houma Ceres
Glasgow Weekly Times
Daily Evening Star
Belm
Clarksville Chronicle
Emporia News
Keowee Courier
The Daily Dispatch
Evening Star
Nashville Patriot
Scribner's Magazine
Atlantic Monthly
The Century
Galaxy
North American Review
Scribner's Monthly
Living Age
Harper's New Monthly Magazine
The Weekly Arizonian
American Review
Putnam's Monthly Magazine of American Literature, Science and Art
United States Democratic Review
New England Magazine
Polynesian
Scientific American
Sunbury American
Glasgow We
Daily Evening S
me Journal
Vermont Phoenix
Evening Star
Abbeville press.
kly telegraph.
Bangor weekly courier.
Carolina observer.
Daily independent Democrat.
Evening bulletin.
Friends' Review; a Religious, Literary and Miscellaneous Journal (1
Littell's Living Age (1844-1896)
Liverpool Mercury
1856-1906)
Portage city record.
Prairie Farmer (1843-1877)
Raleigh register, and North-Carolina weekly advertiser.
Saturday Evening Post (1839-1885)
Scientific American
Sunbury American.
The Charleston mercury.
The Evansville journal.
The Vermont freeman.
The western Democrat.
Vermont chronicle.
Vermont phœnix.
Frank Leslie's illustrated weekly
Freeman's Journal
Glasgow Herald
Leeds Mercury
Raftsman's journal.
The Cleveland morning herald.
The Illinois free trader and LaSalle County commercial advertiser.
Tri-weekly appeal.
Morning Chronicle
Reynolds's Newspaper
The Albion, A Journal of News, Politics and Literature (1822-1876)
Examiner
The log cabin.
Morning herald.
Aberdeen Journal
Christian Advocate and Journal (1833-1865)
Derby Mercury
East Stroudsburg press and the Jeffersonian.
Lloyd's Illustrated Newspaper
Maine Farmer (1844-1900)
Manchester Times
New York Evangelist (1830-1902)
New York Observer and Chronicle (1833-1912)
North American and United States gazette.
Preston Chronicle
The American citizen.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957)
The Belmont chronicle.
The Independent ... Devoted to the Consideration of Politics, Social and Economic Tendencies, History, Literature, and the Arts (1848-1921)
The Ohio news.
The Supporter and Scioto gazette.
The universal gazette.
The Weekly star.
Trewman's Exeter Flying Post
Vermont watchman and State gazette.
Bristol Mercury
Caledonian Mercury
Cincinnati daily press.
Hampshire/Portsmouth Telegraph
Hull Packet
Independent chronicle & Boston patriot.
Milwaukee weekly sentinel.
Newcastle Courant
North Wales Chronicle
The Richmond times.
Weekly gazette.
The daily crescent.
The people's journal.
The Eclectic Magazine of Foreign Literature (1844-1898)
Belfast News-Letter
Birmingham Daily Post Daily News
Jackson's Oxford Journal
The evening telegraph.
The liberator
Northern Star
Living Age
Bedford inquirer.
Bradford reporter.
Cadiz sentinel and Harrison County farmer.
Delaware patron and Franklin chronicle.
Indianapolis daily State sentinel.Marshall County Republican.
Perrysburg messenger-journal.
The daily times.
The Wheeling daily intelligencer.
Lancaster evening gazette.
The Democratic pioneer.
The civilian.
The national Republican.
Palladium and Republican.
Ohio monitor.
Semi-weekly advocate.
Yorkville enquirer.
Nashville union and American.
Railway Times (1860-1872)
The news and courier.
The New England Farmer; a Monthly Journal (1848-1871)
Zion's Herald and Wesleyan Journal (1842-1867)
Orleans independent standard.
The spirit of democracy.
Free Democrat.
Lewistown gazette.
Meigs County telegraph.
The Ripley bee.
The Cambria herald.
Western Reserve chronicle.
The Cass County Republican.
Juliet signal.
Savannah daily morning news.
Circular (1851-1870)
East Saginaw courier.
The Gallipolis ledger.
Fremont journal.
Lewisburg chronicle.
Marshall County Democrat.
Ohio Cultivator (1845-1866)
Urbana union.
The Findlay Jeffersonian.
The Vermont citizen.
Daily Nashville patriot.
ertiser.
The Nashville daily union.
The Merchants' Magazine and Commercial Review (1839-1870)
(1866-1905)
Bangor weekly courier.
Carolina observer.
Daily independent Democrat.
Scientific Americ
Sunbury American.
The Evansville journal.
The Vermont freeman.
Vermont chronicle.
Vermont phœnix.
The Cleveland morning herald.
Tri-weekly appeal.
The Alb
The log cabin.
Morning herald.Maine Farmer (1844-1900)
New York Evangelist (1830-1902)
North American and United States gazette.
The American citizen.
The Independent ... Devoted to the Consideration of Politics, Social an
The universal gazette.
The Weekly star.
Independent chronicle & Boston patriot.
Milwaukee weekly sentinel.
The Richmond times.
Weekly gazette.
The liberator
Delaware patron and Franklin chronicle.
Indianapolis daily State sentinel.Marshall County Republican.
The daily times.
The Wheeling daily intelligencer.
Lancaster evening gazette.
c pioneer.
The national Republican.
Ohio monitor.
Nashville union and American.
Lewistown gazette.
Meigs County telegraph.
Western Reserve chronicle.
he Cass County Republican.
Fremont journal.
Liverpool Mercury
Freeman's Journal
Glasgow Herald
Leeds Mercury
Morning Chronicle
Reynolds's Newspaper
Examiner
Aberdeen Journal
Derby Mercury
Lloyd's Illustrated Newspaper
Manchester Times
Preston Chronicle
The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954)
Trewman's Exeter Flying Post
Bristol Mercury
Caledonian Mercury
Hampshire/Portsmouth Telegraph
Hull Packet
Newcastle Courant
North Wales Chronicle
Belfast News-Letter
Birmingham Daily Post Daily News
Jackson's Oxford Journal
Northern Star
Information Literature
Pacific Commercial Advertiser
(Honolulu)
7 August 1856
≥120 reprints 1853-1899
Scientific American
1 July 1848
Thibodaux Minerva
(Thibodaux, LA)
7 April 1855
Scientific American
10 April 1847
≥177 reprints 1847-1899
Distribution of reprints for
“A Curious Calculation”
over time
Scientific American
22 July 1868
Barbour County Index
(Medicine Lodge, KS)
19 January 1883
Williamstown Chronicle
(Williamstown,Victoria)
12 May 1883
Grand RiverTimes (Grand Haven, MI)
10 September 1851
≥99 reprints 1837-1885
The Pilot andTranscript
(Baltimore, MD)
17 November 1840
Scientific American
10 October 1846
Sydney Herald
(Sydney, NSW)
14 February 1833
Burlington Free Press
(Burlington,VT)
30 September 1836
Scientific American
6 October 1849
Green-Mountain Freeman
(Montpelier,VT)
4 April 1861
South Australian Advertiser
(Adelaide, SA)
10 April 1867
Scientific American
22 July 1865
Exchange Ideologies
NewYork DailyTribune
(NewYork, NY)
21 February 1859
Scientific American
21 January 1860
Scientific American
16 December 1868
Scientific American
28 February 1863
Future Work
The Caledonian
(St. Johnsbury, VT)
20 October 1865
D1-.AUT1FUL jsNOW.
la the early part of ihe American war, cue Hsrk
f.itutday rnvmirg, hi tin.- Yta.d -f v,iat«:r, there
ti:esl at ihe 'Cumirnjniial H.tspiial, CiscinaUi, a
^-iui]}-
viiaiiiii tvcr v»!Iii.se bead -only tsro-ar.d-
tv.ei.iy tntii&iers'liad j-:.SEi.d.
Hie has once bairn
f.-.:-:«e!-:s;«i
i fan -
uviahlc ; hare of
be.-uiy
—bad. been,
.-is
she l.tlHtlf «iid.
'
flattered and Vougilt for the
charms of her face ;' i.iu, al:;e 1 s-1jo fulL Once the
jjV'di:
-f rei-pceiaijJt! }.
nr-:iit.icu. l:tir first vrr«-3;sr s'cp j
was the pnali
bt'gijmii-g i-f ±Le
?'
;;snie old f-tcry I
i.vcr »jwin '
wbicii has Lcen the only lif-J Listoiv of
t3-- Ur-ands.
Among luT personal t-Sicis was found in ir.sna
scr'pt iliti '?-Keauiilnl &?«»,' vliich was iionie
t'lufoly
cmvitd to Mr Kiios B. Kecd, a
peifion
of
tuisure and litmuv -astis. who was at the time
editor of tiie' jXaliciial Union. In the columns of
il»t
paper, or- tiie
nit-ruing
of the
d^y following the
phl'a des-ih, the po-t-m a}-pus.red in priiit fur ;Le firet
time- IVhuu. die, papta* containing she poem tame
out oh
Monday nicirnii:g,
sJio
i?i*dy
-uf (he viet-M bad
jiiit yet received Luiiai. TLe ailciidar.ce of Thoiiias
iUichaiiau Reed,' mts of tlie first American poet?,
was soon directed to the liewly-pulifciicd lines; :
he
uss so tflktii with ibtir bLivring pathos thai he
jiv.snudiateiy followed the c-
rpse t.o iis final vesting
jiiaee. Sruuli a-« the plain iacis cmcmmig her
?whofe
'
Beautiful Snow
'
will long be regarded as
one of the brightest gtais in Arueiican literature.
Oh ! the snow, the Leasviful siww,
Filling the
sky and earth biil--w,
Over the
housetop?,
ovtr the stieat,
qusrreL Money was not Ihe
orjeet,'
for noue
 as touched on ihe jaWaiseg. It was from
t
lie
dcbciiptivc notes of Sianbr Bulu^a, who
wes
luckily able io
supply the information in
hpite 01 bis
sgonyj ib't.t i&e
fair of ruffians
arrested were eaa»1«d 10 be cau»ht.
THE IMMORALITY OF THE BUSH.
[KROHTHE PAt-TORAT,
TIMES.]
We have for some time been 3id lounder
stand that the great Darling district («ml in
writing of it we fpesk of it from iis sources in
Southern Queensland to where the
Darling
waters are
discharged
into the
Murray),
is
by
no uieansin a
Leallny
condition
; whereas, if
Mr James Seymour is to be believed, some
psits of the Dsvling are
charming places to
live in. It would necessarily have to
pass
through rhe saaie ordeal as other psstorai dis
tricts,
in this
colony
in jrarticular. We are
by no snesns firaegeis to
pastoral life ia all
phases, and we felt au inward conviction, i
'
from1 information received.' that the out- !
lying districts of New South AVaies and the
southern portion of
Queensland were in no
better condition than were onee the inter
mediate pastoral areas
lying between the parts
if he left her. He
and look a room for h
in the name of
Hartley.
very '111,-
aEd l:e
suppo
ihe rnoney he ol?taine-i
orc.Kfies aud with his
holidays he took her
tli-^re she became dang
miscarriage, and he
£10',
end sent the mone
caine beck a doctor
three times a vreck.
go about he got her to
pay outstanding sccounts
to reflect on the course
made up his mind to b
although lie loved her
her that he had to go
her twice after that
He deJared
positively
know the go d-s were
ted to her that he
obtained them on six
took the dresses he
ruore to irake op the a
the warehouse was con
i©bberies. Granihsin
the 'prisoner's statement
Southern Argus
(Port Eliot, SA)
30 April 1870
Die Klagenfurter Zeitung
(Klagenfurt, Austria)
21 November 1864
Evening Star
(Washington, DC)
3 December 1864
Minnesota Staats-Zeitung
(St. Paul, MN)
17 December 1864
Nashville Union and American
New York Herald
London Times
Richmond Examiner
Richmond DispatchNashville Union
New York Tribune
Cincinnati Commercial
Louisville Journal
New York Times
Richmond Enquirer
London Post
National Intelligencer
Louisville Courier
New York
Baltimore Sun
Knoxville Register
Memphis Appeal
New York Post
Washington Star
Charleston Mercury
Cincinnati Enquirer
London Star
New Orleans Delta
New Orleans PicayuneParis Moniteur
Petersburg Express
Savannah Republican
St. Louis Republican
Chicago Tribune
Memphis Bulletin
New York Express
St. Louis Democrat
Associated Press
Boston Journal
Charleston Courier
Chicago Times
Cincinnati Gazette
Commercial Advertiser
Liverpool Mercury
London Globe
London Herald
Louisville Democrat
Lynchburg Republican
Memphis Avalanche
New Orleans
New Orleans Times
New York Journal
Pall Mall Gazette
Philadelphia Press
Raleigh Standard
Richmond Whig
Albany Argus
Atlanta Intelligencer
Baltimore American
Boston Commercial
Buffalo Express
Cairo Democrat
Cincinnati Times
Detroit Free Press
Galveston Bulletin
Home Journal
Houston Telegraph
Knoxville Commercial
La France
Liverpool Journal
London Daily News
London Telegraph
London Tunes
Lynchburg Virginian
Mem Argus
Memphis Argus
Mobile Advertiser
Mobile Times
Mobile Tribune
Montgomery Advertiser
Morning Herald
New Orleans Bulletin
New York Commercial
New York Commercial Advertiser
New York Independent
Northampton Gazette
Paris Patrie
Philadelphia Inquirer
Philadelphia Ledger
Richmond Inquirer
Richmond Times
Round TableShoe and Leather Reporter
State Journal
Staunton Spectator
Toronto Globe
Vienna Press
Washington Chronicle
Washington Republican
Wilmington Journal
Wheeling Daily Intelligencer
Wheeling Intelligencer
Richmond Sentinel
Chattanooga Rebel
New York Observer
Cleveland Herald
Savannah Herald
Evening Post
Grenada Appeal
Kanawha Republican
Times Washington
Atlanta Appeal
Boston Advertiser
Boston Transcript
Congressional Globe
Evening Star
London Spectator
Morgantown Post
Steubenville Herald
Augusta Constitutionalist
Chicago Republican
Clarksburg Telegraph
London News
London Observer
Missouri Democrat
Parkersburg Gazette Augusta Chronicle
Erie Dispatch
Evening Telegraph
New Orleans Era
Raleigh Progress
Richmond Despatch
True Delta
Albany Evening Journal
Albany Journal
Boston Traveler
Chicago Post
Cleveland Leader
Cleveland Plain Dealer
Columbus Journal
Kanawha Journal
Liverpool Post
New York Ledger
Ohio State Journal
Philadelphia North American
Pittbsurgh Gazette
Pittsburgh Gazette
Raleigh Confederate
Weston Expositor
Wheeling Register
Alexandria Journal American Agriculturalist
Augusta Sentinel
Boston Daily Advertiser
Buffalo Commercial Advertiser
Buffalo Courier
Chicago Journal
Dublin Evening Mail
Harrisburg Telegraph
Indianapolis Daily Gazette
La Patrie
London Morning Herald
Macon Telegraph
Mobile News
Mobile Register
National Republican
New Bern Times
Parkersburg Times
Philadelphia Bulletin
Pittsburgh Chronicle
Pittsburgh Commercial
Pittsburgh Dispatch
Prairie Farmer
Rochester Democrat
San Antonio Herald
Santa Fe Gazette
Springfield Republican
St Louis Democrat
Toronto Leader
Vicksburg Herald
Vicksburg Whig
Wheeling Post
Zanesville Courier
Alton Telegraph
American Sun
Army Navy Gazette
Atlanta Register
Augusta Despatch
Augusta Register
Boston Commercial Bulletin
Boston Gazette
Boston Herald
Bretian Times
Buffalo Expresse
Burlington Sentinel
Charlottesville Chronicle
Chicago Evening Journal
Christian Examiner
Cincinnati Catholic Telegraph
Cincinnati Gazetie
Cleveland Dealer
Cleveland Iferahl
Colorado Journal
Danville Register
Dublin Express
Evansville Journal
Frederickburg New Era
Galveston News
Guernsey Times
Hudson Register
Jersey City Times
Jonesboro Gazette
La Frauce
Lewisburg Post
Lexington Observer
Little Rock Democrat
Liverpool Albion
Liverpool Courier
London Athenceum
London Ctourt Journal
London Morning Post
London Owl
Mahoning Register
Memphis Post
Morgantown Monitor
Nashville Daily Gazette
National Intelligcneer
New Orleans Independent
New York Gazette
New York News
New York Sun
Norfolk Post
North Carolina Times
Ohio Democrat
Ohio Farmer
Omaha Register
Parisi Temps
Paris Kentuckian
Parkersburg Post
Petersburg Bxprsss
Pittsburgh Advocate
Post Royal Herald
Post Washington
Raleigh Conservative
Reno Times
Richmond Herald
Richmond Hitpatch
Rockingham Register
San Antonio Express
San Francisco Bulletin
Scientific American
Selma Dispatch
Shreveport Gazette
Southern Democrat
Southern Illustrated News
St Clairsville Gazette
Sunday Dispatch
Tuscarawas Chroniclc
Tyler Argus
Upshur County Republican
Utica Observer
Washington Bgion
Washington Republic
Washington Tribune
Wooster Republican
York Independent
Western Reserve Chronicle
Ravenna DemocratPortage County Democrat
Ashtabula Sentinel
Indianapolis JournalMobile Mercury
Salem Republican Toledo Blade
Conneaut Reporter
North American
Painesville Telegraph
Greenville Argus Portland Mo Argus
Alliance Monitor
Attlanta Appeal
Christian Advocate
Illustrated News
Kentucky Observerr
Leavenworth Conservative
Mahoning Courier
Missouri Republican
Philadelphia Press Telegraph
Sandusky Register
Tehama California Observerr
Warren Post
Aiotsrioau Sun
Albany Standard
Alexandria Gazette
Another Herald
Baton Rouge Advocate
Belfast Irland Whig
Bellefontaine Republican
Birmingham Post
British Agriculturalist
Buffalo Commercial
Canada Farmer
Canfield Herald
Catholic Telegraph
Chardon Democrat
Chesapeake Post
Chillicothe Advertiser
Christian Inquirer
Chronicle Sun
Cincinnati Press
Columbus Express
Corinth Miss Advertiser
Courier Democrat
Daily Globe
Daily Press
Dayton O Journal
Detroit Advertiser
Eclectic Journal
Edinburgh Journal
Educational Journal
Egyptian Spectator
Elmira Advertiser
Ely Democrat
Elyria Democrat
Family Herald
Famliv Louisville Journal
Fort Kearney Herald
Fost Offioeat J Sun
Fremont Democrat
Gallipolis Journal
Gazette Courier
Geauga Democrat
Hartford Press
Illinois State Journal
Insurance Monitor
Ipswich Journal
I V Chronicle
Jacksonville Oregon Sentinel
Jefferson Ashtabula Sentinel
Kansas City Intelligencer
Kentucky Whig
Knoxville Tennessee Register
Knoxville Tenn Whig
Lawrence Arkansas Republican
Levant Herald
London Eng Globe
Louisville Journal Leautifully
Mahoning Herald
Mahoning Sentinel
Mercer Whig
Milwaukee News
Mining Register
Mirror Farmer
Mobile Daily Advertiser
Morning Post
Nashville Advocate
Nashville Press
Natchez Democrat
National Democrat
Newark Advertiser
Newark American
New Bern N C Times
Newburyport Herald
New Castle
New Jersey Herald
New Times New York Courier
New York Evening Post
New York Leader
New York Sunday Mercury
North American Farmer
North Philadelphia Bulletin
Oil City Register
O S Journal
Painesville Post
Plain Dealer
Railroad Register
San Register
Saturday Press
Senate Cleveland Herald
Springfield I I I Journal
Springfield O News
Starry Banner
State School Journal
Steubenville Gazette
St. Paul Press
Summit Post
Sunday News
Syracuse Courier
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Cordell scientific american

  • 1. “The Best Mechanical Paper in the World”: Scientific American, Reprinting, & the Circulation of Popular Science in Nineteenth-Century Newspapers Ryan Cordell | @ryancordell | ryancordell.org | viraltexts.org
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • 6. Scientific American New Series,Vol. 1 Cover (1859) Scientific American Vol. 2, No. 1 (26 Sep. 1846)
  • 7.
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 21. Scientific American Vol. 19, no. 19 4 November 1868
  • 23.
  • 24. Find widely-reprinted texts. I don’t know what they were.
  • 26. Por tho Wntclitnan nml Journal. IIE.MtV CI.A.Y IlKOr.IVINO TIIK KEWS OP HIM lUCI.'liAT. ltr Mm ruzA n. pAitionit " A nuinbr-r of friends wlict united on Mr. Cliy a few days since, tci make known In him tho result of tho election, w ere astonished Hint ho received tho result wilha dejree ef elitfifUl-ncss almost nmnuntiiig In nlon.ure. Why, friends,' smd Mr. Ohy, 'It would ho ridiculous lous for in" tn say I do not feci disappointed i hot 1 lol so chiefly for you und for my country j ns regards myself, I inn relieved Trom a load of inula)-. I liolo hei n wlllinj In servo my country men Willi my life. I nlloivnl my name to ho li.ed In tho lato rontf.t Ini'au-o It was liniinimonsljr called for, for the sako of tho I'nion, and I am con.ult'd hy Iho Inct, that I hnvo been supported oy mo piitiinusni nuu minjigvnMi ui ,ni VermontWatchman & State Journal 1845-02-28
  • 27. Unaligned text Unaligned text Local, not global, alignment Unknown text boundaries
  • 28. her majesty deares to congratulate the president upon the successful completion of this great intern 1 lions work the ueen desires to congratulate the p esident upon the successful completion of the gre it internaliooal work the queen deiirea to congratulate the president upon the euccetwfal completion of thia great inter tatioral work 1 2 3 Index of 5-grams her majesty deares to congratulate: 1 majesty deares to congratulate the: 1 deares to congratulate the president: 1
  • 29. her majesty deares to congratulate the president upon the successful completion of this great intern 1 lions work the ueen desires to congratulate the p esident upon the successful completion of the gre it internaliooal work the queen deiirea to congratulate the president upon the euccetwfal completion of thia great inter tatioral work 1 2 3 Index of 5-grams to congratulate the president upon: 1, 3 congratulate the president upon the: 1, 3 upon the successful completion of: 1, 2
  • 30. presidents message fellow oihimi of ttu seine nd routt of rprtitntatxtm throughout th yr lino our last meet ing th oountry has been eminently pros perou presidents message ftuov citiztni f iki sttitu and houm of eeprettntativti throughout the year since our laat meat log the conntry has been eminently prosperous presidents message fcuow t li tus of he fs mitt and house of jleprrscnhitim throughout tho year since our meeting tho country bus been eminently prosperous message or the president of the united states throughout the year since our last meeting thocountry has been eminently prosperous 1860-12-06 Fremont journal 1860-12-06 Cleveland morning leader 1860-12-14 The Athens post 1860-12-15 Columbia Democrat & Bloomsburg general advertiser
  • 31. soft answer ny t s arthur ill give him law to his hearts content the scoundrel said mr singleton walking backwards and forwards soft aasffch bv t s arthuit 1 4 ill give him law to his hearts coii ent fhe scoundrel said mr single on walking backwards and forwards soft answer by t s arthur ill ffive him inw to his hearts content the scoundrel said singleton walking bick ward and forward soft answer ey t s arthur ill give him law to his hearts content the scoundrep said singleton walking backward and forward 1841-04-17 Sunbury American 1847-02-05 Anti- slavery bugle 1847-05-04 Somerset herald 1847-07-22 Vermont watchman
  • 32.
  • 33.
  • 34.
  • 36. Daily Gazette and Comet Memphis Daily Appeal Highland Weekly News White Cloud Kansas Chief The Louisiana Democrat Marshall County Republican Sumter Banner The Old Guard The Planters' Banner Democratic Banner Nashville Union The Independent Brownlow's Knoxville Whig Middlebury People's Press M'Arthur Democrat Squatter Sovereign Huntsman's Echo Fayetteville Observer New-York Daily Tribune The Mountaineer Dayton Daily Empire Nebraska Advertiser Fremont Journal Rutland Herald International Magazine of Literature, Art, and Science Loudon Free Press Polynesian Gallipolis Journal Perrysburg Journal The Mountain Sentinel Gazette and Sentinel Anderson Intelligencer Somerset Herald Hannibal Journal Athens Post Scribner's Magazine Holmes County Farmer War of the Rebellion Atlantic Monthly The Century Holmes County Republican Scientific American Houma Ceres Wabash Express Galaxy North American Review Sunbury American Glasgow Weekly Times Continental Monthly Scribner's Monthly Anti-Slavery Bugle Woodstock Age Ashtabula Weekly Telegraph Daily Evening Star Belmont Chronicle Living Age Burlington Free Press American Missionary St. Cloud Visiter Harper's New Monthly Magazine Indiana State Sentinel Clarksville Chronicle Randolph County Journal Emporia News Cleveland Morning Leader Ottawa Free Trader Dakota City Herald Bay State Monthly Winchester Home Journal Punchinello The Tiffin Tribune Kansas Herald of Freedom Freemen's Champion Le Messager Hannibal Journal Dallas Herald Staunton Spectator The Weekly Arizonian Marshall County Democrat St. Cloud Democrat Vermont Phoenix The Alleghanian Windham County Democrat The Caledonian Constitutional Vermont Watchman Keowee Courier The Examiner Fairfield Herald Edgefield Advertiser Jasper Weekly Courier Red Wing Sentinel American Review Jeffersonian Republican The Daily Dispatch Western Reserve Chronicle The Hancock Jeffersonian Evening Star Star of the North Tri-Weekly Whig Columbia Democrat Lewisburg Chronicle The Daily Press The Jeffersonian Democrat Raftsman's Journal Clearfield Republican Putnam's Monthly Magazine of American Literature, Science and Art United States Democratic Review Nashville Patriot New England Magazine Spirit of the Age Plymouth Weekly Banner Home Journal Winchester Weekly Appeal
  • 37. Sumter Banner Democratic Banner Brownlow's Knoxville Whig Middlebury People's Press F New-York Daily Tribune Nebraska Advertiser Rutland Herald Somerset Herald Wabash Express Sunbury American Anti-Slav Burlington Free Press Indiana State Sentinel Ottawa Free Trader Dakota City Herald Le Messager Dallas Herald Pacific Commercial Advertiser Vermont Phoenix The Caledonian Vermont Watchman Fairfield Herald Edgefield Advertiser Jeffersonian Republican Columbia Democrat Lewisburg Chronicle Clearfield Republican
  • 38. Memphis Daily Appeal Highland Weekly News White Marshall County Republican Nashville Union M'Arthur Democrat Squatter Sovereign Fremont Journal Polynesian Gallipolis Journal Athens Post Scientific American Houma Ceres Glasgow Weekly Times Daily Evening Star Belm Clarksville Chronicle Emporia News Keowee Courier The Daily Dispatch Evening Star Nashville Patriot
  • 39. Scribner's Magazine Atlantic Monthly The Century Galaxy North American Review Scribner's Monthly Living Age Harper's New Monthly Magazine The Weekly Arizonian American Review Putnam's Monthly Magazine of American Literature, Science and Art United States Democratic Review New England Magazine
  • 40. Polynesian Scientific American Sunbury American Glasgow We Daily Evening S me Journal Vermont Phoenix Evening Star
  • 41. Abbeville press. kly telegraph. Bangor weekly courier. Carolina observer. Daily independent Democrat. Evening bulletin. Friends' Review; a Religious, Literary and Miscellaneous Journal (1 Littell's Living Age (1844-1896) Liverpool Mercury 1856-1906) Portage city record. Prairie Farmer (1843-1877) Raleigh register, and North-Carolina weekly advertiser. Saturday Evening Post (1839-1885) Scientific American Sunbury American. The Charleston mercury. The Evansville journal. The Vermont freeman. The western Democrat. Vermont chronicle. Vermont phœnix. Frank Leslie's illustrated weekly Freeman's Journal Glasgow Herald Leeds Mercury Raftsman's journal. The Cleveland morning herald. The Illinois free trader and LaSalle County commercial advertiser. Tri-weekly appeal. Morning Chronicle Reynolds's Newspaper The Albion, A Journal of News, Politics and Literature (1822-1876) Examiner The log cabin. Morning herald. Aberdeen Journal Christian Advocate and Journal (1833-1865) Derby Mercury East Stroudsburg press and the Jeffersonian. Lloyd's Illustrated Newspaper Maine Farmer (1844-1900) Manchester Times New York Evangelist (1830-1902) New York Observer and Chronicle (1833-1912) North American and United States gazette. Preston Chronicle The American citizen. The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957) The Belmont chronicle. The Independent ... Devoted to the Consideration of Politics, Social and Economic Tendencies, History, Literature, and the Arts (1848-1921) The Ohio news. The Supporter and Scioto gazette. The universal gazette. The Weekly star. Trewman's Exeter Flying Post Vermont watchman and State gazette. Bristol Mercury Caledonian Mercury Cincinnati daily press. Hampshire/Portsmouth Telegraph Hull Packet Independent chronicle & Boston patriot. Milwaukee weekly sentinel. Newcastle Courant North Wales Chronicle The Richmond times. Weekly gazette. The daily crescent. The people's journal. The Eclectic Magazine of Foreign Literature (1844-1898) Belfast News-Letter Birmingham Daily Post Daily News Jackson's Oxford Journal The evening telegraph. The liberator Northern Star Living Age Bedford inquirer. Bradford reporter. Cadiz sentinel and Harrison County farmer. Delaware patron and Franklin chronicle. Indianapolis daily State sentinel.Marshall County Republican. Perrysburg messenger-journal. The daily times. The Wheeling daily intelligencer. Lancaster evening gazette. The Democratic pioneer. The civilian. The national Republican. Palladium and Republican. Ohio monitor. Semi-weekly advocate. Yorkville enquirer. Nashville union and American. Railway Times (1860-1872) The news and courier. The New England Farmer; a Monthly Journal (1848-1871) Zion's Herald and Wesleyan Journal (1842-1867) Orleans independent standard. The spirit of democracy. Free Democrat. Lewistown gazette. Meigs County telegraph. The Ripley bee. The Cambria herald. Western Reserve chronicle. The Cass County Republican. Juliet signal. Savannah daily morning news. Circular (1851-1870) East Saginaw courier. The Gallipolis ledger. Fremont journal. Lewisburg chronicle. Marshall County Democrat. Ohio Cultivator (1845-1866) Urbana union. The Findlay Jeffersonian. The Vermont citizen. Daily Nashville patriot. ertiser. The Nashville daily union. The Merchants' Magazine and Commercial Review (1839-1870) (1866-1905)
  • 42. Bangor weekly courier. Carolina observer. Daily independent Democrat. Scientific Americ Sunbury American. The Evansville journal. The Vermont freeman. Vermont chronicle. Vermont phœnix. The Cleveland morning herald. Tri-weekly appeal. The Alb The log cabin. Morning herald.Maine Farmer (1844-1900) New York Evangelist (1830-1902) North American and United States gazette. The American citizen. The Independent ... Devoted to the Consideration of Politics, Social an The universal gazette. The Weekly star. Independent chronicle & Boston patriot. Milwaukee weekly sentinel. The Richmond times. Weekly gazette. The liberator Delaware patron and Franklin chronicle. Indianapolis daily State sentinel.Marshall County Republican. The daily times. The Wheeling daily intelligencer. Lancaster evening gazette. c pioneer. The national Republican. Ohio monitor. Nashville union and American. Lewistown gazette. Meigs County telegraph. Western Reserve chronicle. he Cass County Republican. Fremont journal.
  • 43. Liverpool Mercury Freeman's Journal Glasgow Herald Leeds Mercury Morning Chronicle Reynolds's Newspaper Examiner Aberdeen Journal Derby Mercury Lloyd's Illustrated Newspaper Manchester Times Preston Chronicle The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) Trewman's Exeter Flying Post Bristol Mercury Caledonian Mercury Hampshire/Portsmouth Telegraph Hull Packet Newcastle Courant North Wales Chronicle Belfast News-Letter Birmingham Daily Post Daily News Jackson's Oxford Journal Northern Star
  • 45. Pacific Commercial Advertiser (Honolulu) 7 August 1856 ≥120 reprints 1853-1899
  • 48. Scientific American 10 April 1847 ≥177 reprints 1847-1899
  • 49. Distribution of reprints for “A Curious Calculation” over time
  • 51. Barbour County Index (Medicine Lodge, KS) 19 January 1883
  • 53. Grand RiverTimes (Grand Haven, MI) 10 September 1851 ≥99 reprints 1837-1885
  • 54. The Pilot andTranscript (Baltimore, MD) 17 November 1840
  • 67.
  • 68.
  • 69.
  • 71. The Caledonian (St. Johnsbury, VT) 20 October 1865
  • 72. D1-.AUT1FUL jsNOW. la the early part of ihe American war, cue Hsrk f.itutday rnvmirg, hi tin.- Yta.d -f v,iat«:r, there ti:esl at ihe 'Cumirnjniial H.tspiial, CiscinaUi, a ^-iui]}- viiaiiiii tvcr v»!Iii.se bead -only tsro-ar.d- tv.ei.iy tntii&iers'liad j-:.SEi.d. Hie has once bairn f.-.:-:«e!-:s;«i i fan - uviahlc ; hare of be.-uiy —bad. been, .-is she l.tlHtlf «iid. ' flattered and Vougilt for the charms of her face ;' i.iu, al:;e 1 s-1jo fulL Once the jjV'di: -f rei-pceiaijJt! }. nr-:iit.icu. l:tir first vrr«-3;sr s'cp j was the pnali bt'gijmii-g i-f ±Le ?' ;;snie old f-tcry I i.vcr »jwin ' wbicii has Lcen the only lif-J Listoiv of t3-- Ur-ands. Among luT personal t-Sicis was found in ir.sna scr'pt iliti '?-Keauiilnl &?«»,' vliich was iionie t'lufoly cmvitd to Mr Kiios B. Kecd, a peifion of tuisure and litmuv -astis. who was at the time editor of tiie' jXaliciial Union. In the columns of il»t paper, or- tiie nit-ruing of the d^y following the phl'a des-ih, the po-t-m a}-pus.red in priiit fur ;Le firet time- IVhuu. die, papta* containing she poem tame out oh Monday nicirnii:g, sJio i?i*dy -uf (he viet-M bad jiiit yet received Luiiai. TLe ailciidar.ce of Thoiiias iUichaiiau Reed,' mts of tlie first American poet?, was soon directed to the liewly-pulifciicd lines; : he uss so tflktii with ibtir bLivring pathos thai he jiv.snudiateiy followed the c- rpse t.o iis final vesting jiiaee. Sruuli a-« the plain iacis cmcmmig her ?whofe ' Beautiful Snow ' will long be regarded as one of the brightest gtais in Arueiican literature. Oh ! the snow, the Leasviful siww, Filling the sky and earth biil--w, Over the housetop?, ovtr the stieat, qusrreL Money was not Ihe orjeet,' for noue as touched on ihe jaWaiseg. It was from t lie dcbciiptivc notes of Sianbr Bulu^a, who wes luckily able io supply the information in hpite 01 bis sgonyj ib't.t i&e fair of ruffians arrested were eaa»1«d 10 be cau»ht. THE IMMORALITY OF THE BUSH. [KROHTHE PAt-TORAT, TIMES.] We have for some time been 3id lounder stand that the great Darling district («ml in writing of it we fpesk of it from iis sources in Southern Queensland to where the Darling waters are discharged into the Murray), is by no uieansin a Leallny condition ; whereas, if Mr James Seymour is to be believed, some psits of the Dsvling are charming places to live in. It would necessarily have to pass through rhe saaie ordeal as other psstorai dis tricts, in this colony in jrarticular. We are by no snesns firaegeis to pastoral life ia all phases, and we felt au inward conviction, i ' from1 information received.' that the out- ! lying districts of New South AVaies and the southern portion of Queensland were in no better condition than were onee the inter mediate pastoral areas lying between the parts if he left her. He and look a room for h in the name of Hartley. very '111,- aEd l:e suppo ihe rnoney he ol?taine-i orc.Kfies aud with his holidays he took her tli-^re she became dang miscarriage, and he £10', end sent the mone caine beck a doctor three times a vreck. go about he got her to pay outstanding sccounts to reflect on the course made up his mind to b although lie loved her her that he had to go her twice after that He deJared positively know the go d-s were ted to her that he obtained them on six took the dresses he ruore to irake op the a the warehouse was con i©bberies. Granihsin the 'prisoner's statement Southern Argus (Port Eliot, SA) 30 April 1870
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  • 74. Die Klagenfurter Zeitung (Klagenfurt, Austria) 21 November 1864
  • 76. Minnesota Staats-Zeitung (St. Paul, MN) 17 December 1864
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  • 84. h"p://viraltexts.org For more onViral Texts, visit viraltexts.org Co-PI: David Smith Graduate Team Members:Abby Mullen, Jonathan Fitzgerald, and Thanasis Kinias Graduate Alumni: Peter Roby, Kevin Smith, Matthew Williamson Undergraduate Alumni: Sarah Babski, Danielle Gillespie, Laura Eckstein, Nicolette Pire, and J.P.Vangsgaard