-Government efficiency: 1) Increasing data openness makes it easier to use for other government agencies, too. 2) Harmonizing information management practices brings economies of scale and makes knowledge transfer between organizations easier. 3) Saving time for everyone. -Business and innovation: 1) Giving access to government data for free is good for companies. It breeds new markets and supports innovation. 2) Better services for citizens, 3) For example, new ways to use information have many times been found by people who have a different educational background compared to the usual users. -Transparency and democracy: 1) Open data supports active citizenship, research and journalism by increasing transparency. 2) For example, it facilitates discussions in social media by making it easier to reference to government information. -> good example in Finland is what Helsingin Sanomat mediacompany did with their parliamentary election with their “election machine” -> opened that data, bred lots of applications, visualizations and discussion
Hri in english-psi-2011-final
Helsinki Region Infoshare – Open Regional Data for All Project Manager Ville Meloni Forum Virium Helsinki Re-use of PSI workshop – 23 November 2011
HRI - Project Overview “Making regional information quickly and easily accessible to all. The information can be used freely at no cost” To develop a To build a web network of service throughinformation owners which the data can who maintain and be easily found, open their data accessed and following common utilised. guidelines. To pilot an open data Provide information as machine activity model and its readable ”raw data” which is easy to implications to both the utilize in various applications and producers and end users of web-services. the data.17.04.12 Forum Virium Helsinki 2
Timeline, financing, implementation Timeline 2010-2012 (pilot) 2012- (on-going function)Financing Implementation•Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa, •Directive boardKauniainen •City of Helsinki Urban•Finnish innovation fund Facts(Sitra) •Forum Virium Helsinki•Ministry of Finance Collaboration with many different organisations to open data i.e. government, other municipalities, municipal organizations, etc.Collaboration between data producers and developers using that data! 17.04.12 Forum Virium Helsinki 3
Why open data ?• Government efficiency• Business and innovation• Transparency and democracy
What data is opened ?1. Statistics and estimates – Urban phenomenon: demographics, employment, housing, commuting, etc. – Geographical granularity: municipal, district, grid-level, etc.2. Geospatial data – Data that supports presentation of statistical and other data on a map, i.e. district-level shapefiles.3. Other data – Public services, mass-transportation, infrastructure related data, etc.17.04.12 5
HRI-Open data operational model HELSINKI REGION INFOSHARE •Criteria and instructions •Feedback on data •Tools to open the data •Feedback on the service •Feedback Public data DISTRI- ”extra. CLEARING ”www. END- /producers Hri.fi” BUTION hri.fi” and sources HOUSE USERS •Data Catalogs •Data Catalogs • (data + metadata)Production, •Definition of HRI data - •Maintenance of the •Employees of themaintenance, criteria, information web service municipalitiesprovision according to policy and principles, …, •Collecting users •State governmentagreed rules and licensing feedback •Enterprises •Support to data •Updating of data •Research andlegal framework education providers catalogs •CitizensPRODUCTION OPENING DISTRIBUTION UTILISATIONPHASED APPROACH 17.04.12 Forum Virium Helsinki 6
www.hri.fi -web-service ”Easy to find, access and utilize data” •Maintaining of the metadata. Actual data is hosted elsewhere. •A channel for data users to give feedback and request new data. •Brings visibility to existing data pools and encourages more usage. Open for all: companies, citizends, municipal administration, research institutions, etc.
www.hri.fi -web-service News about Data-search, project progress , access, feedback, experiences from rating and different discussions stakeholders
semantic.hri.fi – experimenting withlinked open data (lod) and statistics• Experimental service. Includes Helsinki metropolitan area statistics in a semantic RDF-database. Source statistics from www.aluesarjat.fi (PC-Axis).• To pilot and understand the possibilities of lod and statistical data in terms of compatibility and linkages to external data sources.• Application programming interfaces aimed for developers who are interested in using statistical data for various applications and analysis.• SPARQL ja HTTP GET interfaces.• Example applications.
Application Examples - StatisticsVisualization of www.aluesarjat.fi statistics with Google motion chart.http://www.floapps.com/lab/tieke/bigchart.php
Application Examples - GeodataHelsinki metropolitan area shapefiles (KML) in use on top of Open Streetmap
Project focus areas 2011• Further development of the www.hri.fi service• Establishing the HRI-function (people, processes, guidelines, etc.)• More open data, better open data, wider scope of open data, inter- usability of data!• Encouraging the usage of the data, application competitions for developers, co-operation with companies, universities, etc. that want to use it. Apps4Finland2011 (apps4finland.fi). IBM Smarter Cities Challenge in Helsinki. Preparing for WDC Helsinki 2012.• National and international co-operation related especially to: legal issues, operational best-practices and metadata interoperability.17.04.12 Forum Virium Helsinki 13
Use of open data – some HRIobservationsComplementing existing services with open data•Re-use of PSI is not a new phenomenon, but taking newforms -> adding value to existing service companies andtheir customers -> more value with less costEmergence of mobile app ecosystem -> birth of B2Cmobile apps•Quick to develop, quick to market, simple use casesB2B & open data – arising opportunities largely untappedmarket for SMEs -> SME’s are waking up to this -> publicsector among target customers, i.e. E-services offeringsTRUST IS IMPORTANT FOR DEVELOPER-USERS – INCLUDES ACCESS/SLA
Thank you !www.hri.fisemantic.hri.fihttp://www.facebook.com/helsinkiregioninfoshareVille MeloniForum Virium HelsinkiProject Managerville.firstname.lastname@example.org